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I believe una niña is a girl or a child, when the child is female. Un niño means a boy or a child, when the child is male. A group of all female children would be las niñas. However, a group of all male OR a group of male/female mixed children would both be called los niños. (Group of both genders defaults to masculine noun in this case.) I think when you don't know the gender of the child, or you are talking about a child in a generic sense (as opposed to a specific child), you use the masculine as the default.
Yo soy= I am
Nosotros somos= We are
Ellos son= They are
Ustedes son= You are (plural)
Tú eres= You are (singular)
Usted es= You are (singular, formal)
Ella es= She is
Él es= He is
You don't have to say the pronoun when you use soy, somos, eres, because there is only one gramatical person for them, so it is not necesary to say it.
(yo) Soy un doctor = I am a doctor
(nosotros) Somos doctores= We are doctors
(tú) Eres un doctor= You are a doctor
For these three cases, you could always omit the pronoun. For any other case, it is possible to omit the pronoun, based on the context.
Where is she from?= ¿De dónde es (ella)?
If it's obvious who are you tallking about, it's not necesary to say ella.
Hello alondrasil4, for saying "Eres or tu eres" is "you are" and "el es or es" it would be so "he is/she is/it is) all of them are correct, but everything depends of the first subject.
Eg: when I say "Es mas alto que yo" it could be (He/She/It - is taller than me) 'cause I don't specific which is gender of the subject.
Goodbye and I hope helped you if there are doubts or errors please comment.
Greetings for everybody.
Hello gustavolondonop, You have a mistake, in the meaning of the word "It is", it is not "Ello es", but "It is"="Eso es", although the word "Eso"we usually omit the translation of "It", therefore we say, "It is" ="Es"
I hope have you helped if there are doubts or mistakes please comment
greetings and luck
Just to expand a little on the use of es or eres. Es is the formal "you" therefore you would use it in this example if you did not know the person you are talking to or you wanted to show a degree of respect. Such as a teacher or an older person or your boss.
Eres is the informal "you" which you would use if talking with someone you knew well or perhaps a younger or junior person.
in spanish if you have a group of masculine and feminine things, like children. You always use the masculine form. Not always but when a word ends in "o" its masculine and when it ends in "a" its feminine. so boy is nino, and girl is nina. a mixed group of boys and girls is ninos.
Think about which syllable is stressed. If it is stressed on the last syllable and the last syllable is a consonant, no need for an accent. If it ends in a vowel, and it's stressed on the syllable before it, no need for an accent. If it's stressed anywhere else, you need an accent. (1 exception: Question words are ALWAYS stressed)
Hoped that made sense. :/
It works too, but niño/niña refers more specifically to a child (a person younger than... 12, usually) and chico/chica refers to a young person (someone below... 25?). What I mean is you can refer to a child as chico/chica, although is more appropiate to use these words to refer to someone a bit older (say, a teenager or young adult)... So, yes: chico=boy, chica=girl.
Hello mohammadyamini, the first difference is next:
I use "Es, Está"(Is), when It is followed by a subject in the third person singular. these are:
-(He/She/It, In English), (Él/Ella/Eso, In Spanish)
E.g:-He is tall. (Él es alto). He is crying because his girlfriend left him, (Él está llorando porque su novia lo dejó).
-She is beautiful. (Ella es hermosa). She is wearing a pair of new shoes. (Ella esta usando un par de zapatos nuevos).
-It is dirty. (Eso está sucio). It is nasty!!! (Eso es asqueroso).
I use "Eres, Somos, Son, Estamos, Está, Estás"-(Are), when it is followed by:
-The second person singular and plural(You, "Tú, Vosotros(In Spain), Ustedes, Usted"). Eg: You are lazy. (Tú eres peresoza). You are bothering/Annoying in class. (Usted está/Tú estás, molestando en clase).
-The third person of plural(They, "Ellos, Ellas"). Eg: They are stingy. (Ellas son tacañas). they are playing soccer. (Ellos están jugando fútbol).
-The first person plural(We, "Nosotros, Nosotras"). Eg: We are a group. (Nosotros somos un grupo). We are eating in the hotel. (Estamos comiendo en el hotel).
I use "Soy, Estoy"(Am) with the first person singular(I, "Yo, Me")
-I am with some friends. (Estoy con unos amigos).
-I am an artist. (Soy un artista).
Well, I hope helped you if there are doubts or mistakes please comment, that is very useful for me
Greetings and luck.
Hello Mwanafunzi2, It could be, but Girl=(Muchacha,Niña,Chica) both are correct, you decide when to use it. so you can translate both of way indifferent, if you want specify it only uses "little girl"=when you refer to a girl who is between four to twelve years of age, and "Girl"=who is between thirteen to seventeen, Remember only if you want to specify the age, but you use it as if both were synonyms.
I hope helped you if there are doubts or mistakes please comment.
A greeting and luck.
Hola Oreos, there are two ways to say this:
-You are a girl (Tu eres una niña or Usted es una niña), both are correct, but it is best to say"Tu eres Una niña, it is more formal and decent.
Not "son" because it would be so: You are girls. (Ustedes son niñas) or (vosotras sois niñas) (In Spain).
We use "Son" with the second person singular and plural(You), the third person plural(They), The first person plural(We).
Eg:-We are elected (somos los elegidos) with "we", "are" it is traslate for "somos or estamos).
We are eating(Estamos comiendo), here "are" it is (Estamos).
You are honesty.(Tu eres honesto or Usted es honesto).
You are writing a letter for her. (Usted esta/Tu estas escribiendo una carta para ella)
They are tired. (Ellos/Ellas estan cansados)
They are the winners. (Ellos son los ganadores).
I hope helped you if there are doubts or mistakes please comment.
a greeting and luck.
Hello natalie4276, you can use "Es" but the subject in the sentence would change,
-Tu eres una chica/niña. (you are a girl).
-Usted es una chica/niña. (you're a girl)
The same for both, however you decide which one to use.
I hope you have helped if there are doubts or mistakes please comment.
Greetings and luck
Hola chicos, sigan motivados y aprendan el idioma el español es genial para mi es facil por que lo hablo, me gustaria aprender ingles por ello estoy haciendo el curso. Solo recuerden lo que en ingles se generaliza con un the aqui es la, el y bueno deben poner cuidado a la ortografia es muy importante, exitos chicos.
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They do use English, but they also use questions in Spanish to make sure we have understood what has gone before. While slowly adding new words along the way. It is just a way of teaching. So hopefully the meaning of the words and how they should be used, stick in our memories.