19 Comments This discussion is locked.
A very useful thing to know for Spanish. The double l [as in the word ella] always makes a 'y' sound. You still get words in Spanish that have ys [like playa (beach)] and it makes the same sound as English.
Spanish pronunciation is highly phonetic and has an extremely short list of exceptions. Also, the letters 'k' and 'w' are not really used in the Spanish alphabet.
Words that have the two said letters above are taken from other languages [e.g. windsurf (a Spanish word taken from English)] or kilómetro.
Depends where you want to go to speak Spanish. For the most part in Latin America, it's pronounced pretty much the same as an "h" in English. In Spain, it's a slightly heavier sound. If you want to make this sound, hold your tongue like you were making a "k", but try to release a some air over it to make a rough kind of hiss.
Of all the people one can say "you" to, some of them are closer (familiar) to you and some are not (formal). You use "tú" with the familiars, and "usted" with the formals. God, family (including in some places parents), close friends, lessers, youngsters and pets are examples of people you call "tú" (familiar address) when you want to say "you". Superiors, elders, officials, strangers, casual acquaintances, and (in some places) parents are examples of people you call "usted" (formal address).
When you use "tú", the correct verb form is "eres" and when you use "usted", the form is "es".