in "tips & notes" i see that accusative "sie" is "sie". but sometimes i see that "ihr" can be "her". what is happening? in the case it is, how do i differentiate "ihr" (you) from "ihr" (her) ? Thanks :) PS: I'm sorry if this is not the correct wall or if this has already been discussed, but there are too many comments
Yes, it is true. Pronouns change form or decline depending on what job they are used for. English declines only from Nominative case "she" to all the rest of the cases "her", but "you" remains the same in English until the possessive "yours".
You will know, because "ihr" (2nd person plural) in the Nominative case, as a subject or predicate nominative, will always mean the plural familiar form of "you ". This becomes "euch" in the Accusative case (for example as a direct object) and in the Dative case (for example as an indirect object). This becomes "euer" in the Genitive or possessive case where we would use ("your " adjective form) "yours " (pronoun form).
Now for "sie", as third person singular meaning "she ", it does stay the same from Nominative to Accusative case even though it would change in English to "her ", but changes to "ihr" in the Dative and Genitive cases.
Then "sie", as third person plural meaning "they ", also stays the same in Accusative case where we would start to use "them ", but changes to "ihnen" for the Dative case where again English would be using "them " and changes to "ihre" in the Genitive case where English would be using "theirs " (possessive pronoun, and the possessive adjective in English would be "their ".)
Finally, "Sie", the formal version of "you " is conjugated like 3rd person plural, but is used for formal singular and plural and is capitalized in all its forms. It also keeps the same form from Nominative to Accusative. (In English, "you" is also used for Accusative and Dative as well as Nominative.) "Sie", however, changes in Dative to "Ihnen" changes in Genitive to "Ihr" where English would use "yours " (possessive pronoun, and the possessive adjective in English would be "your ".)
Here are tables of pronouns by case, be sure to scroll down for all of them: http://german.about.com/library/blcase_sum2.htm
Somewhat. Here are pronunciation guides that might also be helpful: http://german.about.com/od/pronunciation/a/The-German-Alphabet.htm http://www.germanlanguageguide.com/german/pronunciation/vowels.asp
"ihr" is the informal or familiar plural form of 'you' which takes "mögt". I think you are thinking of "Sie" the (both singular and plural) formal form of 'you' which does take "mögen". This website explains the three versions of 'you' in German. http://german.about.com/od/grammar/a/Germanyou.htm
That would be "Liebst du mich?" http://german.about.com/od/vocabularytips/a/I-Love-You-In-German.htm
That depends on what you want to know about the plural you. "Liebt ihr mich?" for familiar plural or "Lieben Sie mich?" for formal both singular and plural.
More about "you" in German: http://german.about.com/library/anfang/blanfang02.htm
More about "like" and "love" in German: http://german.about.com/od/verbs/a/lieben.htm
More about German verbs conjugated in present tense: http://german.about.com/library/weekly/aa100200a.htm http://german.about.com/library/blprestense2.htm
Okay, it does not accept the special o form so input without it "mogen" and press the "Suchen" button to search. Then, the dictionary will show you sample possibilities and just choose "mögen", then under the Dictionary heading go to the one marked "verb" and choose "word forms" to see the verb conjugated. http://www.canoo.net/services
Some verbs are dative, but they're an exception; nominative, accusative or dative cases are more likely to be based on whether there's a direct/indirect object than on exceptions like time expressions or "exceptional" verbs. See http://www.nthuleen.com/teach/grammar/nomakkdatexpl.html
"du" corresponds to "tú" which is singular familiar. "ihr" corresponds to "vosotros/vosotras" which is plural familiar. "Sie" corresponds to both "usted" which is singular formal and "ustedes" which is plural formal. (Yes, in Latin American countries "ustedes" can be used for familiar instead of "vosotros/vosotras".) "sie" (lowercase 's') is either "she" or "it" (things which are feminine in other languages are neuter in English) which is "ella" (Be careful the gender for things is not necessarily the same from Spanish to German) or "they" which is "ellos" or "ellas" and you must look at the verb to see if it is the singular or the plural. http://spanish.about.com/od/pronouns/a/subject_pronoun.htm http://german.about.com/od/grammar/a/Germanyou.htm http://german.about.com/library/anfang/blanfang02.htm
"er" would take a different form of the verb: "mag". If you understood the verb to be "mögt"; then, if you are having difficulty telling the difference between "er" and "ihr", that would have been your clue that the pronoun is "ihr". This site will give you the correct pronunciation for "er" and "ihr".
This site has videos with correct pronunciations of simple phrases and conversations. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uO0jWxhVW1A
The English word "me" has two forms in German: the Accusative "mich" and the Dative "mir".
Most verbs ("mögen" is one of them) take the direct object in the Accusative case which for "me" would be "mich".
Here is an explanation of the Accusative case: http://german.about.com/library/blcase_acc.htm
Here is a list of prepositions which take the Accusative case: http://german.about.com/library/blcase_acc2.htm
Here is a list of the German pronouns with all their cases. http://german.about.com/library/blcase_sum2.htm
The Dative case is often used for the indirect object.
Also, some verbs do take the object in the Dative case which for "me" would be "mir".
Here is a list of verbs which take the Dative case: http://german.about.com/library/verbs/blverb_dativ.htm http://german.about.com/library/verbs/blverb_dativ2.htm
Here is a list of prepositions which take the Dative case: http://german.about.com/library/blcase_dat2.htm
I just can't understand why this isn't i don't know how to type umlauts "Moegen Sie mich?" or "Magst du mich?" I learned German as an American kid in a small German town. Now I want to learn to really speak and understand it correctly. The whole thing is confusing, any help?
The English wording used is ambiguous and can lead to errors because y'all/youse/you guys are accepted as correct answers but aren't used in the test phrases. So we are asked to translate the idea of talking to a small group but asked in a dialect that has no distinction between that and talking to a single person.
I will try to explain it.
"you" is for "du/Sie" in singular 1. Do you like me? Magst du mich? (I know the person, who I ask very well.I call him by his first name) 2. Do you like me? Mögen Sie mich? (I have a distance or many respect to the person, who I ask)
"you" is for "ihr/sie" in plural 3. Do you like me? Mögt ihr mich (I know the persons, who I ask very well. I call they by their first name) 4. Do you like me? Mögen Sie mich? (I have a distance or many respect to the persons, who I ask)