When to use e vs ed?

December 20, 2012


To reinforce what "giulap" said, typically 'ed' is not used when speaking, but is used when writing.

January 29, 2013

Whatever the correct usage, it's very frustrating when a pop up box tells you that using e or ed is largely a matter of preference, then you immediately get marked incorrect for using ed instead of e.

November 25, 2013

I am just testing if "Post" is working.

June 18, 2018

"Ed" is used when the following word begins with a vowel. It's optional when you want to separate vowel sounds. Check out the link below for a more in-depth explanation.

December 20, 2012

I'd like to add that it seems Duolingo doesn't believe it is optional. They are also strict on the usage.

December 20, 2012

I think they enforce this strictly because you would say "ed" while speaking to make the sentence flow better, but it is optional when written because you can distinguish the words.

December 25, 2012

Mmm I disagree, I never use "ed" when I speak. Example "e il cane?" sounds like "el cane?". I usually use "ed" when I am writing something formal, or every now and then in informal writing.

January 16, 2013

Actually, "ed" is used when the following word begins with "e".

February 10, 2013

"ed quando sono seguite da parola che comincia per vocale." Nope XD

August 5, 2017

Ignore this link - it now goes to the Spanish E !!??!!

April 23, 2018

Your link goes to "The Spanish E", not Italian.

June 20, 2018
Learn Italian in just 5 minutes a day. For free.