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  5. "Tá an scoil os comhair na bi…

" an scoil os comhair na bialainne."

Translation:The school is opposite the restaurant.

April 13, 2015



Isn't "na bialainne" plural?


To elaborate, some prepositions, called "compound prepositions", require the use of the genitive. os comhair is one of these, which is why it's in the genitive and not the nominative.


Ok but there was another question where the answer was "os comhair an fhir" It's in singular genitive just like the restaurant here in this question but it's "an" rather than "na". Can you please explain why they are different ??


bialann is a feminine word, and the genitive singular definite article for feminine words is na.


No, it’s singular genitive.


No, "na bialanna" is the plural nominative, and "na mbialann" is the plural genitive (of the restaurants or the restaurants').


This exercise came with the words to choose, but the right English preposition ("opposite" or "across from") wasn't listed. The only prepositions available were "around" and "before". I guessed "The school is around the restaurant" and got it marked wrong, with "The school is before the restaurant" given as correct... but neither of those is correct, is it? Can "os comhair" really mean that? (I reported this as a problem; hope I wasn't wrong to do so.)


No, you were right. "Opposite" is there now.


What is wrong with "The school is opposite from the restaurant?" That's how we would say it here.


What does "os" mean by itself?


Means "over" or past x/y. The table at the bottom of this page as 3 other compound prepositions having to do with "os". http://www.nualeargais.ie/gnag/genpraep.htm#abgeleitet


Comhair is pronounced "code"? That's what it sounds like she's saying to me. I thought mh was more of a v sound.


When speaking certain dialects, the 'mh' in words is often silent (instead of pronouncing it 'v', so just pretend like it isn't there: co(a)ir.


No it's more like core, and more precisely co-ir


1). The 2nd declension has not only nouns ending slender, but also those ending with eog, óg, or lann (incl. bialann). (http://nualeargais.ie/foghlaim/nouns.php?teanga=)

2). Nouns in the 2nd declension are usually f.

Normally, m. nouns end broad (a, o, u). Exceptionally, bialann and leabharlann are f. (teanglann.ie). Are all words ending in lann f.?

3). *Are words ending in eog and óg also all (exceptionally) f.?

4). Is there a list of m. words in the 2nd declension?/ A rule explaining why they are there? nualeargais.ie mentions im, as well as sliabh. Wiktionary also lists teach.


Doesn't "na" cause eclipses in the genative?


Plural nouns are eclipsed after the plural definite article na in the genitive.

The singular definite article for genitive feminine nouns is na, and bialann is a feminine noun.

Singular feminine nouns are not eclipsed after the singular definite article na in the genitive.

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