https://www.duolingo.com/profile/efskap

Interesting Swedish compound words

vegetable = grönsak = green thing
turtle = sköldpadda = shield toad
capital = huvudstad = head city

please share yours, friends.

April 14, 2015

27 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/annika_a

bat (the animal) = fladdermus = flutter mouse

bat (the animal) = läderlapp = leather patch

April 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Blehg

Läderlappen is also the older Swedish name for Batman! (Nowadays he's just Batman)

http://static.comicvine.com/uploads/scale_large/0/3125/1562142-lad198101.jpg

April 16, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LittleCatz

Reminds me of this! http://i.imgur.com/X3aAt.jpg

May 5, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Sarah.K.Ha

It's not really an interesting compound so much as a long one, but when I switched my facebook language from English to Swedish my event invitations all of a sudden became evenemangsinbjudningar, that was only slightly jarring.

April 15, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Volrat

Strawberry = Jordgubbe = Soil geezer

Jealous = Svartsjuk = Black sick

April 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Lundgren8

The modern word gubbe means ’old man’, but in older dialectal Swedish, it could also mean a ’lump’, which is where jordgubbe comes from: a lump in the soil.

Also notice that Swedish distinguishes jealous (svartsjuk) and envious (avundsjuk) more clearly than English. If you’re svartsjuk you’re tormented by not being the subject of another person’s love, friendship or attention. So if you’re in love with a person, you can be svartsjuk towards that person’s romantic partner for example.

Avundsjuk is more just a general bad feeling of not having what someone else has and a bad reaction to other people’s success, so you’re avundsjuk of someone’s car, job etc.

I’ve met learners who have been confused about the distinction, so I just thought I should try to explain.

April 15, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Blehg

stag beetle = ekoxe = oak ox
shrew = näbbmus = beak mouse
platypus = näbbdjur = beak animal
pogo stick = hoppstylta = jumping stilt
mailman = brevbärare = letter carrier
manor (house) = herrgård = lord's farm/garden(/residence)

April 16, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Daniel_B

smorgasbord = smörgåsbord = sandwich table

April 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/efskap

we can go deeper.
sandwich = smörgås = butter goose

April 15, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Daniel_B

Oh! Wow! smorgasbord = smörgåsbord = butter goose table

April 15, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/km1

compound = sammansatt = together set

April 15, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/hellhounddd

(Vad fråga du av Gud, Punpun?)

Så inga kan säga att jag inte bidrar: Toy = leksak = thing for playing

April 15, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Hadleiyogh

Finlandssvenska:

Egnahemshus - own home's house (from Finnish oma-koti-talo)

April 20, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/efskap

size = storlek = big play

April 21, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Blehg

Unfortunately, this -lek has nothing to do with the word lek 'play', originally :)

April 24, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Hadleiyogh

haha the language levels - literally peers!

April 21, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/efskap

:DDDDD

April 22, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/eldred1

pet= husdjur= house animal

April 22, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/annika_a

Not quite. Although native speakers often play fast and loose with these concepts, a pet is actually ett sällskapsdjur = companion animal. Ett husdjur is any domesticated animal. So a milk cow or a carrier pigeon is a husdjur but not a pet, whereas a family dog or cat is both.

April 23, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Blehg

But would people actually use them that way? Husdjur definitely means 'pet' for most native speakers today. Sällskapsdjur strikes me as a formal term that you'd encounter on a sign or suchlike, and if you called a cow a husdjur I'd think it lived with you in your house.

April 24, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Hadleiyogh

I would figure that this would be the case then. Language is simply not a constant and an 'academy' is, more often that not, remarkably lazy in acknowledging change.

April 24, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/annika_a

I've not even checked what the "academy" (as you put it) in question writes about this. Pick any dictionary, even Wikipedia.

April 24, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/eldred1

Tack! I've always heard husdjur used for both pets and livestock, kinda confusing. Good to know there is actually a difference.

April 23, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/annika_a

Yup, you can go and educate some native speakers now ;-) They might not believe you at first, because this mistake is very common, but they'll know you're right when they look it up.

April 23, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Hadleiyogh

From what you're telling me it sounds a lot like a 'mistake' that is gradually becoming accepted. Svenska akademien indeed lists them separately. I would be very much inclined to opine that 'husdjur' may be or eventually may become a valid, if colloquial, alternative - people use it and language isn't a constant.

I do realise language learning is very much a prescriptive business - so perhaps 'sällskapsdjur' will have to do for now.

April 23, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/annika_a

As I explained, calling a pet dog ett husdjur is certainly not wrong. But translating pet as husdjur would be incorrect -- if you want it to be a good and exact translation.

Concepts don't change even if language usage moves on. The geography of the Nordic countries has not changed despite the frequent usage in English of the word Scandinavia to denote all of them ;-)

April 24, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/danielm.776871

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November 17, 2017
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