Why isn't "Eu gosto essas luvas" correct? :/
Because the verb "gostar" (to like) need the preposition "de" (of or from). "de" + "essas" = "dessas".
You need "de" after "gosto" ALWAYS find the way to fit it in
Dessas versus daquelas in this instance is a matter of preference?
Nop. Dessas is used when it's near the speaker and/or the listener... daquelas is used when it is away from them both.
So is it like
Esta this here
Essa that there
Aquela that over there?
so then wouldn't dessas be more like "these" and daquilo be more like "those" ?
No. Daquilo is always singular and is neutral, not followed by a noun.
And what about destas ? Why is it not possible to use it in that sentence ?
Destas = these.
Like in English, some verbs require preposition. You need "de" when you conjugate the verb "gostar".
I noticed that sometimes "luva" is used as plural for gloves. Please coment.
Could "eu gosto dessa luva" refer to a pair of gloves?