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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kbogovic

Il, lo, l', la, i, gli, le

il, lo, l', la, i, gli, le are all words for "the".

In the singular...

  • il is used with masculine words beginning with most consonants: il sole - the sun, il centro - the centre.

  • lo with masculine words beginning with z or s + consonant: lo zucchero - the sugar, lo sport - the sport.

  • l' with masculine and feminine words beginning with a vowel: l'ufficio turistico - the tourist office, l'acqua - the water.

  • la with feminine words beginning with a consonant: la figlia - the daughter, la spiaggia - the beach.

In the plural (ie more than one)...

  • i is used with masculine words beginning with most consonants: i negozi - the shops, i vini - the wines.

  • gli with masculine words beginning with a vowel or with z or s + consonant: gli uffici - the offices, gli alberghi - the hotels.

  • le with all feminine words: le vetrine - the shop windows, le aranciate - the orange drinks.

September 13, 2013

11 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/f.formica
Mod
  • 2710

Good work. There is a bit more complexity to the rule for impure consonants though: lo iodio, lo psicologo, lo pneumatico, lo xilofono. Rather uncommon words anyway.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/lopezamuel

Your last name means "ant" in English! How cool is that?!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Linguawhorca

this is going to sound like a really stupid question.

isn't U a vowel in Italian ? you said that you use "lo" when you have masculine words that start with z or s + a consonant

lo zucchero has a vowel after the z

someone please help me i'm lost


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Persianomad

Yes you are right! The rule as far as I've learned it from my native teacher for "lo" is as follows:

s+consonant or x,y,z like lo xilofono,lo yoghurt, lo zucchero independent of whether the subsequent letter is a consonant or a vowel. Its just the first letter that matters :)

PS: If you are very keen on proficiency you can extend this rule for some exceptions affecting only a few special words starting with: PS & PN &GN i+Vowel The latter one only affects 155 Italian words of which 90% are related to iod- or ion- so you could also just learn these two words as exception :D


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Terryj3

I'm not sure what your question is asking. "Z" is a consonant, so it uses one of the articles for words that begin with a consonant, "lo," and "il." Then, because that consonant is specifically a "z," then it uses the article for "z" words, "lo." The second letter does not matter, unless it is an "s." I hope this helped. If not, could you please be more clear about the question you're asking.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/salazaranguis

What do we use for feminine words that begin with z? Do we treat this the same as any other feminine word beginning with a consonant?

I’m thinking along the lines of aunt (Zia).

Is it just masculine words beginning with Z that we treat differently from the ‘norm’ (lo instead of il)?

Thank you! Hope that makes sense.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Rae.F
Mod
Plus
  • 2569

Yes, that is just for the masculine.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/wolvang

But wait, you said "lo with masculine words beginning with z or s + consonant: lo zucchero - the sugar, lo sport - the sport."

but then right above that, for "il", you used "il sole" as an example.... "sole" starts with an 's' so wouldn't it fall under "lo" as well?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Rae.F
Mod
Plus
  • 2569

Yes, s + consonant (sp, sq, etc) or "impure s" (z).

"sole" is just a plain simple "s", not part of a consonant cluster.

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