https://www.duolingo.com/kbogovic

Il, lo, l', la, i, gli, le

il, lo, l', la, i, gli, le are all words for "the".

In the singular...

  • il is used with masculine words beginning with most consonants: il sole - the sun, il centro - the centre.

  • lo with masculine words beginning with z or s + consonant: lo zucchero - the sugar, lo sport - the sport.

  • l' with masculine and feminine words beginning with a vowel: l'ufficio turistico - the tourist office, l'acqua - the water.

  • la with feminine words beginning with a consonant: la figlia - the daughter, la spiaggia - the beach.

In the plural (ie more than one)...

  • i is used with masculine words beginning with most consonants: i negozi - the shops, i vini - the wines.

  • gli with masculine words beginning with a vowel or with z or s + consonant: gli uffici - the offices, gli alberghi - the hotels.

  • le with all feminine words: le vetrine - the shop windows, le aranciate - the orange drinks.

September 13, 2013

17 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/f.formica
Mod
  • 2078

Good work. There is a bit more complexity to the rule for impure consonants though: lo iodio, lo psicologo, lo pneumatico, lo xilofono. Rather uncommon words anyway.

September 13, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/lopezamuel

Your last name means "ant" in English! How cool is that?!

July 28, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Aksuki

grazie!!

July 7, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/SassyNorwegian

this is going to sound like a really stupid question.

isn't U a vowel in Italian ? you said that you use "lo" when you have masculine words that start with z or s + a consonant

lo zucchero has a vowel after the z

someone please help me i'm lost

May 22, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Persianomad

Yes you are right! The rule as far as I've learned it from my native teacher for "lo" is as follows:

s+consonant or x,y,z like lo xilofono,lo yoghurt, lo zucchero independent of whether the subsequent letter is a consonant or a vowel. Its just the first letter that matters :)

PS: If you are very keen on proficiency you can extend this rule for some exceptions affecting only a few special words starting with: PS & PN &GN i+Vowel The latter one only affects 155 Italian words of which 90% are related to iod- or ion- so you could also just learn these two words as exception :D

July 17, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/PabloPerez456

great @persianomad

February 7, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Terryj3

I'm not sure what your question is asking. "Z" is a consonant, so it uses one of the articles for words that begin with a consonant, "lo," and "il." Then, because that consonant is specifically a "z," then it uses the article for "z" words, "lo." The second letter does not matter, unless it is an "s." I hope this helped. If not, could you please be more clear about the question you're asking.

June 11, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/suki.elson1

Molto utile. Grazie!!

July 18, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/salazaranguis

What do we use for feminine words that begin with z? Do we treat this the same as any other feminine word beginning with a consonant?

I’m thinking along the lines of aunt (Zia).

Is it just masculine words beginning with Z that we treat differently from the ‘norm’ (lo instead of il)?

Thank you! Hope that makes sense.

February 12, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Rae.F
  • 1938

Yes, that is just for the masculine.

August 7, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/ah95al

good work , thanks

September 19, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/stardustrust

Very helpful, thanks!

October 28, 2013

https://www.duolingo.com/ZohaibAli5

Also I wanna learn

February 27, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/ZoeLevy1

thank-you!

March 8, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/lopezamuel

Just what I needed. Thank you!

June 27, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Inna9933

Thanks, it helped me a lot.

January 31, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Madhukar202

thanks for enlightenment

September 28, 2018
Learn Italian in just 5 minutes a day. For free.