"Ela perde as suas chaves."
Translation:She loses her keys.
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A question. You also can to say "Ela perde suas chaves"? it's necessary the word "as" ?
No, it is not necessary in this case. I suppose we have decided as a people to get rid of some redundant articles. BUT! It's never wrong to use it, when in doubt.
Also, I've noticed when these questions come up, that when there are two articles in a short sentence (like the duolingo sentences) it is safest to not skip the first article, if you're not sure. That one is usually doing a better job than the second one. This is an untested hypothesis, so if anyone does this, let me know if it works well. But r_i_l_e_y has a good point there, you should listen to him.
I think "as suas", "a minha", "o teu" etc is the standard for european portuguese but "suas", "minha", "teu" is the standard for brazilian portuguese.
I haven't checked, but I assume there will be a section for pretérito/imperfeito (past tenses) later down the list. Just know that here we present tense(informal I think) and there are KEY differences between the two.
how do we know if "suas" is "hes" or "yours"? are there any rules around this?
Duolingo and the formal rules of Portuguese say that
teu/tua = your or yours
seu/sua = his/her
Please note that in speech, Brazilians usually keep it simple and say seu/sua for both cases. I hope that helps! =]
Yes, my wife claims that TU only are used in the far south and not in the rest of Brazil.
And Angola, and Mozambique, and East Timor, and Macau, and Goa, and Guinea-Bissau, and Cape Verde, and São Tomé e Príncipe, as well as Daman, and Diu, and Malacca in Malaysia...
Added to the 27 million all over Brazil:
It is used in some parts, others not, but you can't that is used only in the south part, I live in Brasília and I see many people saying it.
I have never heard teu/tua used in Belo Horizonte except by Portuguese people or older people.
I think that when there's confusion as to whether it's yours or his, suas is assumed to mean yours and his would be "as chaves dele". Happy to be corrected though!
Is it also possible to have as a correct transition: She loses their keys. ?
I believe seus/suas indicates onde person possessing many objects.. So only for he she you(singular) , not they.
Actually seus/suas is connected to the plural of keys (chaves) here, not the singular or plural of the 3rd person pronouns. So yes, it should be possible for the answer to be, "their keys."
Ela is the subject noun, while chaves is the object noun (possessed in this case) and the possessive is attached to the object independently of the subject here.
To avoid that ambiguity the sentence could be structured as, "Ela perde as chaves deles/delas." (She loses the keys of theirs). At least if "their keys" was what was meant.
With the 3rd person of "seu/sua" there is much ambiguity as it could be yours, his/hers, theirs, its, and even the plural yours). Well, that is one reason many of the Brazilians mix in the 2nd Person declensions of teu[s]/tua[s] because those only mean "yours" in the singular.
The drop-down conjugation says "eu perco", and the rest of the conjugation is regular for "perder." Is "eu perco" correct? It seems a strange way for a verb to be irregular.
Yes, whenever you use "dele(s)" and "dela(s)", you need to add the article accordingly. ;)
In the previous sentence "nos perdemos nossas chaves" meant:"we lost our keys". so how come:"ela perde sus chaves" means :"she loses her keys" ?
That's because present and past for "perder" for "nós" are conjugated the same: "perdemos". So "nos perdemos nossas chaves" can also mean "we loose our keys". For "ela" it's not the same: "ela perde", "ela perdeu".
That would be Ela perdeu as suas chaves or Ela perdeu as chaves dela. =)
You could just say it the same way (you would have to go by context), but if we want to be clearer, we'd just say "ela perde as chaves dele". =)
How do you know when sua is his/her or your? Is it the context that you just have to know?