Actually, I got it, I think. I may be wrong.
Dies is used when pointing and explaining, and is used with ist or sind.
Dies sind Äpfel.
Dies ist eine Biene.
Dieses, Dieser and Diese are used along with nouns.
Dieses Büch ist alt. (Neuter) Dieser Junge ist schnell. (Male) Diese Katze ist nicht interessant. (Female) Diese Äpfel sind schlecht. (Plural)
If I am wrong, please correct me.
good, i've made some research and it showed what you said, Dieses, Dieser, and Diese are used with nouns as you mentioned neuter and plural, male, female respectively,
but actually Dies is not really used in every day talking they usually say Das to everything, but it's good to know that Dies can be used though, thank you
Only your first sentence is correct. You can say Dies ist for a singular noun or Dies sind for a plural noun. You only use Diese with an ending when it is used attributively (directly in front of a noun with matching gender/case/number) i.e. Diese Äpfel sind... or Diese Orange ist....
Here is a headline on a German news article showing that it can be used with a plural: "Dies sind Deutschlands neue Aufgaben".
I believe that "Dieser" is more like "this here" and it sounds similar too. It's like saying "This here apple is round", if you are holding the apple. It would be wrong to say "That apple is round" if you are holding it, would it not? "That" implies it is away from you. I believe the same principle applies here.
Mmm.. It can be both (in a given sentence), where did you read it?
For singular masculine noun, Der is the nominative (=subject) case when Den is the accusative (≈D.O.) case. And, still for singular masculine noun, Dieser is the nominative (=subject) case when Diesen is the accusative (≈D.O.) case.
Salut Jrikhal!!!!!...Comment allez-vous? Pouvez-vous m'aider s'il vous plaît? comment je dois utiliser les pronoms relatifs? "this, that, these, those" en Allemand? , je n'en comprends pas très bien, merci d'avance et felicitations, je ne savais pas que vous étudiez l'Allemand.
Demonstrative Pronouns in the Nominative Case
The demonstrative pronouns in English are: this, that, these, and those. In German, the demonstrative pronouns in the nominative case are the same as the definite articles. That means, "der," "die" and "das" can also mean "that (one)" or "this (one)" depending on the gender of the respective noun, and "die" can mean "these" or "those." For example, if you talk about a certain dog, you could say "Der ist schwarz" (that one is black). This is the exact words from tips and notes from duolingo !!!!! It says clearly that the demonstrative pronouns in the nominative case are the same as the definite articles. which one is right?
Das = This/That in general. (Das ist mein Auto = This is my car / That is my car).
Dies = Pointing at an object (Dies ist mein Auto = This is my car)
Dieses/Dieser/Diesen/Diese/etc. are used only just before a noun (Dieser Apfel ist rund, Diese Katze trinkt keine Milch.)
Dass= That (explanatory). (He tells me that I am coming <- In that meaning)
Why would I use dieser vs. das/this??
Also in english 'this here ' is slang and/or its not correct/proper. Thus it should not be given as an english translation, and if DL is saying this here is a correct tranlsation, that could mean that dieser is also a improper use of German. If they dont want to imply that - change your English translation to something we actually use.