Hebrew Time #16: The Future Tense
Welcome to Hebrew Time #16! For those of us who are joining now – Hebrew Time is a series of weekly posts about the Hebrew language, Israel, and the Jewish people.
You can see the previous post here.
Before we begin - This week in Israel it’s the Day of Remembrance for the fallen soldiers of Israel and victims of terrorism. In this day we remember these who protect Israel.
Another thing - This week it’s also Israel’s independence day! Israel is turning 67! Happy Birthday Israel!!
Today’s topic is The Future Tense! Let’s go!
In the future tense, unlike like the present tense, the verb conjugates according to person (I, You ,We etc.)
The verb to be (להיות)
The verb to be (להיות) in Hebrew exists only in the future and the past tenses.
This is the verb conjugation for the verb “to be” in the future tense (in English “will be”).
In order to conjugate a verb in the future tense, every person has its own beginning and some also have a special ending. Between the beginning and ending, each verb uses a stem which is derived from the verb.
We will use for example the verb “ללכת” (Lalechet - to go), where we use “לך” as the stem.
Let’s see the conjugation (x represents the stem):
Xא (example: אלך (elech)- (I) will go)
Xת (example: תלך (telech)- (you-singular masculine) will go)
יXת (example: תלכי (telchi)- (you - singular feminine) will go).
Xי (example: ילך (yelech) - (he) will go)
Xת (example: תלך (telech)- (she) will go)
Xנ (example: נלך (nelech) - (we) will go)
וXת (example: תלכו (telchu) - (you-plural masculine) will go)
נהXת (example: תלכנה (telechna) - (you-plural feminine) will go) : וXת is also possible.
וXי (examlpe: ילכו (yelchu) - (they-masculine) will go)
נהXת (example: תלכנה (telechna) - (you-plural feminine) will go) : וXי is also possible.
We can't finish without telling you:
See you later!
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Thanks MaeMcA for helping me write this post!
Until next week!
all the binyanim have forms like this. the "appendix" and "suffix" are exactly like in this example. but here we have a special stem. as you might see there are only 2 letters of the stem in the words. and it is a 3 letters stem ה,ל,כ but only ל and כ appear. so it is not a common example. but it dose demonstrate the different forms of a verb in future tense.