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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BartiBar

Hebrew Time #16: The Future Tense

Hello everyone!

שלום לכולם

Welcome to Hebrew Time #16! For those of us who are joining now – Hebrew Time is a series of weekly posts about the Hebrew language, Israel, and the Jewish people.

You can see the previous post here.

Before we begin - This week in Israel it’s the Day of Remembrance for the fallen soldiers of Israel and victims of terrorism. In this day we remember these who protect Israel.

Another thing - This week it’s also Israel’s independence day! Israel is turning 67! Happy Birthday Israel!!

Today’s topic is The Future Tense! Let’s go!


In the future tense, unlike like the present tense, the verb conjugates according to person (I, You ,We etc.)


The verb to be (להיות)

The verb to be (להיות) in Hebrew exists only in the future and the past tenses.

This is the verb conjugation for the verb “to be” in the future tense (in English “will be”).

אני אהיה - I will be

אתה תהיה - You will be (singular masculine)

את תהיי - You will be (singular feminine)

הוא יהיה - He will be

היא תהיה - She will be

אנחנו נהיה - We will be

אתם תהיו - You will be (plural masculine)

אתן תהיו - You will be (plural feminine)

הם יהיו - They will be(masculine)

הן יהיו - They will be(feminine). "הן תהיינה"(hen teheyna) is also possible


Other verbs

In order to conjugate a verb in the future tense, every person has its own beginning and some also have a special ending. Between the beginning and ending, each verb uses a stem which is derived from the verb.

We will use for example the verb “ללכת” (Lalechet - to go), where we use “לך” as the stem.

Let’s see the conjugation (x represents the stem):

אני -

Xא (example: אלך (elech)- (I) will go)

אתה -

Xת (example: תלך (telech)- (you-singular masculine) will go)

את -

יXת (example: תלכי (telchi)- (you - singular feminine) will go).

הוא -

Xי (example: ילך (yelech) - (he) will go)

היא -

Xת (example: תלך (telech)- (she) will go)

אנחנו -

Xנ (example: נלך (nelech) - (we) will go)

אתם -

וXת (example: תלכו (telchu) - (you-plural masculine) will go)

אתן -

נהXת (example: תלכנה (telechna) - (you-plural feminine) will go) : וXת is also possible.

הם -

וXי (examlpe: ילכו (yelchu) - (they-masculine) will go)

הן -

נהXת (example: תלכנה (telechna) - (you-plural feminine) will go) : וXי is also possible.


That’s it!

We can't finish without telling you:

להתראות!

See you later!


That was Hebrew Time #16, thanks for joining us! Woohoo!

Be up-to-date with our progress on the Hebrew for English speakers course by checking up our incubator page here!

Join our facebook group here!

Thanks MaeMcA for helping me write this post!

That's it!

עד שבוע הבא!

Until next week!

April 20, 2015

12 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/at2004

Wonderful work as usual! Two comments: (1) should be "Yelech" and not "Yilech". (2) תלכנה is interchangeable with ילכו and תלכו (for feminine only), the same way תהיינה is interchangeable with תהיו and יהיו (for feminine only).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BartiBar

Thanks for the addition (:

Fixed!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AviadHiba

אני רק רוצה לומר לכם כל הכבוד על ההשקעה. רואים שאתם לוקחים את העבודה שלכם ברצינות... שאפו


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/PolyglotKristian

Happy birthday Israel and all the peoples of Israel, have a peaceful year ! So Hebrew is a little bit like arabic and doens't use the "to be" verb normally ? very interesting


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BartiBar

That's correct! In Hebrew, the verb "to be" doesn't exist in the present tense, but in the future and the past tenses.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/loolitay

I actually didn't know about the telechna and all that.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kaltdrazcoy

"Telechna" is actually the gramatically correct verb conjuction to "hen" (feminine 3rd person plural), though in modern spoken hebrew it is not being used at all, and instead the verb conjuction "yelchu" is used for both masculine and feminine 3rd person plural.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Brina431719

A belated thanks for this great post. Super impressed that you're finding the time to do such detailed posts for us as well as creating the Hebrew course and going about daily life too!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Physiker729

Quick question: Are these forms appropriate for all of the binyanim? Or are these only for one of them?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CMcV1

all the binyanim have forms like this. the "appendix" and "suffix" are exactly like in this example. but here we have a special stem. as you might see there are only 2 letters of the stem in the words. and it is a 3 letters stem ה,ל,כ but only ל and כ appear. so it is not a common example. but it dose demonstrate the different forms of a verb in future tense.

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