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Ser and Estar Practice

I see this come up a lot on the boards, and it is a bit of a confusing concept to nail at first. So, I thought I would post the review questions from one of my workbooks to see if you have nailed the differences between the two :). If not, maybe it can help clarify when you use each one...

  1. Yo _ enfermo.

  2. Yo _ alto.

  3. _ en la escuela.

  4. Ellos _ americanos.

  5. Juan _ feliz.

  6. _ una persona amable.

  7. Nosotros _ tristes.

  8. Este pescado _ deliciosio.

  9. Cómo _ tú?

  10. Dónde _ Juan?

  11. De dónde _ tú?

  12. Martin _ médico.

  13. Mis plumas _ rojas.

  14. Ustedes _ con Paco y José.

  15. Ellas _ amigas de Felipe.

  16. _ bajo.

  17. Nosotros _ bajos.

  18. St. Paul _ en Minnesota.

  19. Quién _ el presidente de los Estados Unidos?

  20. La banana _ negra.

  21. Mi coche no _ en el garaje.

  22. Qué hora _? ___ las dos.

  23. Yo _ de buen humor.

Answers: Estar: 1,3,5,7,8,9,10,14,18,20,21,23

Note: the auto numbering is not cool Duolingo... >

5 years ago



Depending on how you use, #s 7 ,16 ,17 , and 19 can be use both ways. 7- nosotros estamos tristes - but you can be a sad person " tu eres una persona triste " 16 - Tu eres bajo, de estatura - but you can say " tu estas bajo , de fondos " 17 - same as 16 "ellos están bajo la influencia del alcohol 19 - quien es el pres. de usa - but you can say " quien esta de pres. de usa The others are pretty stray forward

5 years ago


This is true, but I think if you just saw "nosotros ___ tristes" it will generally be understood as estar. You can definitely change the verb by adding additional qualifiers ("we are sad PEOPLE"), but this is captured in #6. I think you're really overthinking this - it's from a book, and for me, I had no problem interpreting the intended meaning of the questions.

5 years ago

  • 13
  • 10
  • 8
  • 7

As a Spaniard, I can tell you that many of these can be used with both. The main difference is whether you want to describe a permanent trait (ser) or you mean that it is a temporal state (estar).

5 years ago


that's cool :)

5 years ago


it depends on wheter it is a state, location,temporal condition (estar) or permanent condition (ser)

Yo estoy enfermo. (i'm temporally sick)

Yo soy alto. (i'm always tall)

Tú estás en la escuela.

Ellos son americanos.

Juan es(always)/está(for a while) feliz.

Tú eres(permanent condition) una persona amable.

Nosotros estamos(for now) tristes.

Este pescado está (this particular fish is) deliciosio. / 'All fish is delicious'-''El pescado es delicioso"

Cómo estás tú? (How are you)

Dónde está Juan? (Where is Juan?) Temporal location

De dónde eres tú? (Where are you from?) Permanent Condition

Martin es médico. (Martin is a doctor)

Mis plumas son rojas. (My pens are red)

Ustedes son con Paco y José. (You are (always) Paco and José)

Ellas son amigas de Felipe. (They are friends of Felipe)

Tú eres bajo. (You are short)

Nosotros somos bajos. (We are short)

St. Paul está en Minnesota. (St. Paul is in Minnesota) Location

Quién es el presidente de los Estados Unidos? (Who is the POTUS) 'Quién es/Quienes son' is the way we ask.

La banana está negra. (The babana is black) whoever, bananas are (son) yellow

Mi coche no está en el garaje. (My car is not in the garage)

Qué hora es? (what time is it?)

Son las dos. (it's 2:00). 'Están las dos' means 'There are the two of them'

Yo estoy de buen humor. (I'm in a good mood)

5 years ago