When can I use this sentence? Near the border of Austria from neighbor european countries, if I see a female refugee or a criminal or...a marathon runner? Sorry, I am not a native English speaker so I don't quite get what this sentence is for..
Or maybe she lives in Liechtenstein and there's an AMAZING sale just across the border, and she got so excited, she forgot her car.
I think the real world usages for this sentence, both English and German, are pretty limited. So don't worry about it too much! :)
고맙습니다~ ^^ Thank you EeroK! I am relieved from my comic imagination hehehe.. Cuz those were my best guesses >_<* Then I'd rather say "Sie reist nach Osterreich (She travels to Austria)." :D
Wow, are you Korean too? Nice too meet you! And I was wondering the same thing, if the woman was traveling Europe on foot, but you asked it first so thanks about that! :)
It's just a silly sentence. ;-)
Like Eerok says, "Don't worry about it too much!"
And 만나서 반가워요! ^_^
If you visit Neuschwanstein, it is a pretty, not very long jog to Austria (and back)...and is something to do while waiting for your chance to get into the castle.
yup, it is true, when I was there, my mobile service switched to Austria region.
AAAAAAAAAAAAaaaaaaaaa.................. I want to go tho that castle....... love that Neuschwanstein.... <3
I'm a native English speaker and "to run" can mean "to flee" or "to escape", especially with countries. For example, if I went to Austria to escape the United States' government, I would say "I ran to Austria." This sentance implies that she is escaping something in her home country and escaping to Austria.
Yes you are right. If you use the word run metaphorically with the use of the word escape it is right
Austria is very close to some countries so to them in can mean like your area running to a sale or running to do something quickly or away from your problematic family or you're running to the store because you forgot something.
You are learning grammar and vocabulary, Duolingo is not a phrase book. People, stop commenting this over and over in so many sentences. They are wierd but grammatically correct, that's the only point.
Oh I'm all for having some fun with it, I'm just trying to explain the reasoning of these sentences.
True that, but sometimes it does matter. There are usage differences, which we also need to learn. So for instance 'runs to Austria' can mean either running to Austria as on a jog, or fleeing to Austria as in fleeing from the US government. Can it have both meanings in German, as well? That question is not settled by just learning that the phrase is grammatically correct.
"Duolingo is not a phrase book". Why? It could/should be. That way you could learn words and grammar through expressions which are actually useful and can be used in everyday conversations making the learning process more effective.
If you learn the language ground up properly you don't need pre-built phrases to communicate. There are numerous phrase book sites out there. Duolingo is something different and deeper in my opinion.
August 13 15
Currently there are hundreds of thousands of people running in the general direction of Austria. Some are being blocked and diverted along the way. Many of those who do make it will continue on to other countries or by pass it if easier paths open up. There are hundreds of thousands more indicating they are going to try to do it too.
Now that the numbers have reached hundreds of thousands world wide attention is being directed to their progress (or lack of it). But it has been going on for at least a couple of years with the numbers in the low thousands.
I doubt that this example is intended to refer to these particular events but masses of people running to or from various borders does happen, especially in Europe with its many contiguous countries.
The idea at this stage of the game is to learn the words. Throwing bizarre sentences at you forces you to ask yourself, "Wait, does this say 'my great grandmother hurls chickens at her walls.' Yup, it does...wow." It makes you think instead of just memorizing.
Maybe she's just a crazy runner running from some other European country to Austria. Who knows?
In these days, several illegal immigrants try to pass the Austrian border.
These comic or nonsense sentences are put especially to make a good test if you understand what you read/hear.
Capital cities of Austria and Slovakia, Wien and Bratislava respectively, are only 60 km apart. One can cover this distance on foot or by bicycle. Unless one is an American that is ;) Many towns and villages are located just a few km across the border (Leibnic, Passau, Salzburg, Maribor...)
As an English speaker it sounds that the person is running to Austria which is a close by country to get drunk and gamble possibly. Or maybe she is running away from her lunatic family.
Is there a reason why "The woman runs for Austria" is not accepted? "For" is listed as one of the translations of nach
To me "runs for Austria" sounds more like she would be running in a race in the Austrian team, which has a totally different meaning than "runs to" (a location).
Even though you probably in some case could translate "nach" to "for" (Only example I could come with, a bit clumsy: "We are heading for Austria" - "Wir sind auf dem Weg nach Österreich" and even there you could also say "heading to"), it doesn't mean that they would be interchangeable.
EDIT: Look for is a much better example, thanks.
You can say 'run for the border' 'run for your life' etc in English. In that sense 'run for Austria/the Austrian border' can work.
The translation depends on the usage. suchen nach for example would be translated as to look for. Here however, for is not applicable.
I could not hear "rennt" (I played on slow over & over again!) I heard something that sounded like "and", so I was stuck completely!!
When talking about going to a country or a city, you usually use "nach". Exception being countries that have a gender and use an article (like "die Schweiz"), they use the preposition "in".
Almost everything else works with "zu", but there are many exceptions too.
Weil Austria ein land ist! Countries and cities take the nach form. Everything else basically uses zu..
And as Eerok says, except countries with articles like die USA, die Türkei, die schweiz
What about "The woman runs towards Austria"? Wouldn't that make more sense?
No, that means she might not get there. This sentence means she will.
Maybe she is a refugee and she was like so excited to be in Austria after what she went through.
A lot of times we'll say we're running to the store or something like that. Not literally running, just going to the store. With Germany and Austria so close, is this a possible meaning? Just going to Austria?
On previous questions, I saw "nach" meaning "after," so even though it didn't make any sense, I put "The woman runs after Austria." Since it's supposed to be "to Austria," though, shouldn't zu be used instead of nach?
The translation of a preposition generally depends on the meaning. E.g. nach would translate to after in the context of time or order, to for destinations of a trip etc, or even in for constructions like „meiner Meinung nach“ – “in my opinion”.
The to translation for destinations with the destination being a city or a country is usually nach. Exceptions are countries that require an article (the minority), which are generally countries in the plural, masculine and feminine countries. They require an in + article. I can't think of any country that is neuter but still requires an article in general.
„in den Irak“ (Iraq)
„in die Schweiz“ (Switzerland)
„In die USA“
In sentences such as Ich will nach Frankreich or Ich muss nach Hause, the "go" meaning doesn't come from the nach but, if anything, from the will or muss.
But probably not from any one verb but from the whole sentence where, by convention, it's clear that the missing verb is one of movement.
A bit like in English where if you say, "Right you guys, home now", you know that the missing verb is "go", but not because "home" can mean "go home", more because you can leave some things out of some sentences and the listener will "fill in the gaps".
What is the importance of the, "nach?" It seems not needed. Also, does it not mean, "after?" I read it as saying that she did that after something.
"rennen" cannot mean "to have control over", so "rennt :Österreich" doesn't make any sense as "control Australia. The woman is running to Austria. "Nach" is literally "to" here. If you're going to the store or some location around the city, you use "zu". If you're going to a country or your house you use "nach".
At first I was like "whoa. what? That's crazy!" Then I remembered that European countries are really small and close to each other and don't have crazy strict border regulations. I always forget that you can make a day trip of going to Austria and back (from Germany), however in America you can't even cross a singular state in a reasonable amount of time...
Very easily. You just look around until you see Austria and then start running towards it until you get there.
My understanding is that "zu" (a dative preposition) means at, or to and is used with people. "Nach" (a dative preposition) means to, or to go to and is used for countries, cities, etc. (exception is feminine countries). Also, by train and right, left, north, south, east, west. nach Hause = homeward; not at home
You said nach is not used with feminine countries -- and indeed, we say ich fliege nach Frankreich but not ich fliege nach (der) Schweiz.
Instead, we use the preposition in with non-neuter countries: ich fliege in die Schweiz, die Türkei, die Slowakei; in den Iran, den Libanon, den Kongo.
"means" is a tricky word.
Let's just say that when travelling to a non-neuter country (masculine, feminine, or plural) is intended, German usually uses the preposition in while English would use the preposition "to".
(Plural examples: in die Niederlande, in die Vereinigten Staaten.)
And the verb "go" may sometimes be left out with this preposition just as with other prepositions indicating the destination of a journey -- e.g. ich muss zur Bank / in die Schule / nach Frankreich / in die Schweiz for "I have to [go] to the bank / to the school / to France / to Switzerland".
Also is there any reason the the English word Ostrich(a funny looking animal) is almost the same as the German word Osterreich for Austria.
I found that the word "rennt" was hard to make out because of a guttural dip in the speaker's voice.
I think running in this case at least in English could also mean going, running or going to Austria to party or something like that. lol