https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sweilan1

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen hinausgehen und herausgehen?

Vielleicht eine dumme Frage aber, was ist der Unterschied zwischen hinausgehen und herausgehen?

April 22, 2015

8 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ubdip

"Hin/her" bestimmt aus welcher Sicht die Bewegung beschrieben wird. "Hin" bedeutet, dass die Bewegung vom Referenzpunkt (häufig eine Person) weggerichtet ist, während "her" eine auf den Referenzpunkt hingerichtete Bewegung beschreibt.

Z.B. sagt man: "Ich gehe hinaus.", wenn man sich innerhalb des Hauses befindet. Die Polizei fordert jedoch: "Kommen Sie heraus!", weil sie sich außerhalb des Hauses befinden.

Falls etwas unklar ist oder ich es auf Englisch formulieren soll, gib bitte Bescheid.

April 22, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/biertopf

Good explanation. Some more hin-/her examples:

  • hinauf/herauf
  • hinab/herab
  • hinunter/herunter
  • hinein/herein
  • hinüber/herüber
April 23, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sweilan1

Let me respond in English to be perfectly clear.

Inside of a building and I wanted someone to go outside of the house, I would say "Geh hinaus".

Inside of a building and I wanted someone to enter the building, I would say "Komm herein".

Outside of a building and I wanted someone to enter the building, I would say "Geh herein"

Outside of a building and I wanted to someone to exit the building, I would say "Komm heraus".

Is this correct so far? Now where I am stumped is when one would use "herausgehen" and "hinauskommen".

April 24, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ubdip

The third one should be "Geh hinein", the other ones are correct.

In my opinion "herausgehen" and "hinauskommen" do not make sense, because "her" and "gehen" as well as "hin" and "kommen" are contradictory. So since you are stumped, I think you have got it.

April 24, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sweilan1

Thanks so much!!! I've never really understood hin/her and I remember my classmates in school never got it either. I am guessing if I ever speak to a native speaker and had to using hinein, heraus, etc - he would be amused as I stood there, cocked my head, and mentally figure out which one to use. ;-)

April 24, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ubdip

I am glad I could help.

Actually, in colloquial speech and especially in some dialects "hin-" and "her-" are sometimes shortened to "n-" and "r-" when used as a prefix. In my experience "r-" is very often used in colloquial speech, whereas "n-" is only used in a few dialects (like mine :-) ). If the "r-" prefix is used and the "n-" is not, both words are the same, e.g. "runter" for "hinunter" or "herunter".

April 24, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ubdip

You should not use it in formal or written language, because it is not correct in standard language, but it is frequently used in colloquial language.

April 24, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sweilan1

I've noticed sentences like "ich gehe raus" and had always wondered if it were considered proper Hochdeutsch or not.

April 24, 2015
Learn German in just 5 minutes a day. For free.