Direct Object Pronouns Post
I wanted to make a post for anyone who needs help on Direct Object Pronouns. As you know I had trouble with them and I thought it would be nice to make a post that people could come to for help. Any questions you might have you can post it here and we can help each other out.
I have review the first lesson on Direct Object Pronouns this week and it's slowly starting to sink in and I am happy I really want to help others who are having problems because we are all here to help each other out. I am so excite to make this post.
Examples: Me veo a mi mismo - I see myself Te veo en mi un rato - See you in a bit Te veo por un rato - I see you for a little while Le digo - I'm telling you
So ask away!
Let’s start with English Direct Objects. Better yet, let’s start with a simple sentence – a sentence with only one verb.
Lesson 1A: Rozzie ate a sandwich.
Here are the steps to tackle a sentence:
1. What is the verb? I always start with a verb because it’s easier to find than the subject. The verb is “ate.”
2. Who did the verb? In this case, who ate? Rozzie ate; Rozzie did the verb. So Rozzie is the subject. Good. Now you have a subject and a verb.
3. Did the subject do the verb to something? In this sentence, did Rozzie do the eating to something? Yes. She did it to the sandwich. So the sandwich is the direct object (DO). The DO is what the verb is done to. The DO is ALWAYS a noun or a pronoun (or some hairy grammar we’re not going to address here).
Are you with me so far? Any questions so far?
Lesson 1B: Rozzie ate at the table.
- What’s your verb? Who did the verb?
- What did she do the verb to? What did she do the eating to? Did she do it to anything? No!
- Conclusion: Not all sentences have a DO. Some do, and some don’t.
Lesson 1C: At the gym, Ryan showed Mary his push-ups with extra weights.
- This time, before you find the verb and the subject, first get rid of the prepositional phrases: “At the gym,” and “with extra weights.” If you can’t find the prepositional phrases, maybe someone can post a good web site. I strongly recommend that you don’t try to memorize a list of prepositions. Instead, try to develop an “ear” for them. With practice you’ll recognize them easily. Anyway… first, in your imagination, cross out the prepositional phrases because they don’t affect the structure of the sentence; they are just decorations.
- Now you are left with, “Ryan showed Mary his push-ups.
- What is the verb? Showed. Who did the verb? Ryan. Who or what did he do the showing upon? What did he show? He showed the push-ups. So the push-ups are the direct object.
- And what about Mary? Ryan DID the verb (show) TO the direct object (push-ups), FOR the indirect object, Mary. We’ll come back to that.
Your homework, for everyone following this. For each sentence, cite which sentence, then list the verb, the subject, and the DO if there is one.
- The rain was falling in torrents.
- Father eyed the swollen creek soberly.
- Dale read every book on the list.
- Mother is not feeling well.
- The boys will wash the dishes tonight.
- Floyd painted the picnic table.
- Father gave the kitchen a new coat of paint.
- I see a spider on your head. Eek!
(Most of the sentences are from a Rod & Staff's English textbook. Extra credit if you can spot which one is not.)
I have a question about double object pronouns. When you encounter a sentence that has them, one of them has to be a direct object pronoun, and the other has to be an indirect object pronoun, correct? What order do you place them in? Are there any good ways to visualize how to process these sentences?
Many thanks to Rozzie for hosting this discussion!
I don't know about double object pronouns I haven't run into them yet. I will see what I can find for you and post it here.
- In addition to Direct Object (DO) and Indirect Object (IO) pronouns, there are also Reflexive pronouns. I'm not capable of forming a sentence with all three. As Wazzie said, the correct sequence is RID.
- If the DO & IO are both 3rd person pronouns, you don’t say “le lo.” le converts to se. Juan se lo dio.
- English requires a DO in order to have an IO. John gave me (IO) a puppy (DO). You wouldn't say, "John gave me," and even if you did, it would mean that "me" is the DO, as in, "John gave me to the gypsies." Apparently Spanish does not have that restriction; you can have an IO without a DO.
- While we're on the subject of IO pronouns, you may want to check this post: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/7823693 . You need the IO pronoun, even if the IO is specified by a noun. Except in some really confusing exceptions. Just use it always, and you won't go wrong.
I notice no one has asked any questions, yet. Might help to give some examples of sentences you had trouble with to get the ball rolling.
"Te veo en mi un rato" doesn't seem to make much sense. (It would translate literally as something like "I'll see you in me a while.") Should it be "Te veo en un rato"?
Okay Tigre here you go I had to search far and wide for this but here is something I think might answer your question. http://www.leaflanguages.org/spanish-grammar-double-object-pronouns/
Rozzie, I just added "homework" sentences to my main post. If you can work through those, you will know the essentials of direct objects in English.