İ do not know about turkiş but in persian the suffix dan shows the container. For example we say güldan it means pot
This is not the case in Turkish. This is just a loanword.
Yes, this is not a Turkish word as Alex said, so he is right. But in fact it is composed of Arabic word "cüz" and Persian suffix "-dan".
What the word means literally? And I really can't put my hand on the Arabic word "cüz"
Most of the people in Turkey do not know that this word comes from cüz. But you can think like that: You can put small pieces like money, paper etc. into a cüzdan.
If I understood correctly cüz comes from جزء "part, piece"