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Adjective 3

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Link : loom ladder | Prev: Objects | skill | Next: Prepositions 2 | note: click on blue text for audio or links.

abreviations: (m) : masculine | (f) féminine | (adj) adjective

  • âgé (adj) : age, number of years old collins
  • ancien (m) | ancienne (f) (adj) : old ; note: the doubling of the n collins
  • aucun (determiner) : no, none collins

     Il n'a aucun ami. : He has no friends | Aucun enfant ne pourrait le faire. No child could do that. | plus cher qu'aucun autre : more expensive than any other

  • blond (adj) : fair haired collins
  • brun (adj) : dark, dark brown for a person's hair, for other brown objects - use the word marron. collins
    (ps. Check my previous notes on this - I am yet to relocate them and link them here)
  • bruyant (adj) : noisy collins
  • célèbre (adj) : famous note: same for masculine or feminine. collins
    célèbrer (verb) to be famous

    je célèbre | tu célèbres | il/elle célèbre
    nous célébrons | vous célébrez | ils/elles célèbrent

  • célibataire (adj) : single note: same for masculine or feminine. collins
  • certain (adj) : some, certain collins
  • chaque (determiner) : each, every collins
  • cinquième (adj) : fifth note: same for masculine or feminine. collins
  • complet (m) | complète (f) (adj) : complete
    Note the accent grave on the e collins
  • cru (adj) : raw. i.e. de la viande crue : raw meat | du jambon cru* : cured ham collins
  • croire (verb) : to believe

    Présent : je crois | tu crois | il/elle croit
    nous croyonds | vous croyey | ils/elles croient (have) believed
    Passé composé : j'ai cru | tu as cru | il/elle a cru
    nous avons crue | vous avez cru | ils/elles ont cru

  • dangereux (m) | dangereuse (f) (adj) : dangerous collins
  • efficace (adj) : efficient, effective
    note: same for masculine or feminine. collins
  • électrique (adj) : electrical note: same for masculine or feminine. collins
  • entier (m) | entière (f) (adj) : whole, entire collins
  • facile (adj) : easy note: same for masculine or feminine. collins
  • faux (m) | fausse (f) (adjf) : wrong, forged, false, fake collins
  • fermé (m) | fermée (f) (adj) : closed see above for rules for é endings collins
  • fin (adj) : thin, fine, slim collins
  • fixé (m) | fixée (f) (adj) : appointed see above for rules for é endings collins
  • franc (adj) : straightforward, open, frank collins
  • gras (m) | grasse (f) (adj) : fatty, greasy collins How do you do the masculine plural ?
  • haut (adj) : high, tall collins
  • idéal (adj) : ideal note masculine plural : idéalaux collins
  • incroyable (adj) : incredible note: same for masculine or feminine. collins
  • indépendant (adj) : independant collins
  • indispensable (adj) : essential, indispensable note: same for masculine or feminine. collins
  • intéressant (adj) : interesting collins
  • inutile (adj) : useless, unnecessary note: same for masculine or feminine. collins
  • libre (adj) : free, clear note: same for masculine or feminine. collins
  • liquide (adj) : liquid, cash note: same for masculine or feminine. collins
  • logique (adj) : logical note: same for masculine or feminine. collins
  • lourd (adj) : heavy collins
  • magnifique (adj) : magnificent
    note: same all the time, same for masculine, feminine and plural. collins
    magnifique is one of those special adjectives that can go before the noun, as well as of course - following the standard rule of going AFTER the noun.
  • marié (adj) : married see above for rules for é endings collins
  • meilleur (adj) : better, cheaper collins
  • normal : normal
  • ordinaire (adj) : ordinary, common, usual, everyday note: same for masculine or feminine. collins
  • pareil (m) | pareille (f) (adj) : the same, parallel, such as collins
  • parfait (adj) : perfect collins
  • personnel (m) | *personnelle (f) (adj) : staff, personal collins
  • pire (adj) : worse, worst note: same for masculine or feminine. collins
  • plat (adj) : flat, dull collins
  • plusieurs (determiner)(pronoun) : several collins
  • populaire (adj) : popular, mass, vernacular, working-class collins
  • possible (adj) : possible, feasible collins
  • pratique (adj) : practice collins
  • précieux (m) | précieuse (f) (adj) : precious, invaluable collins
  • précis (adj) : precise, accurate collins
    How do you do the masculine plural for précis ?
  • privé (adj) : private collins
  • profond (adj) : deep, depth, profound collins
  • prudent (adj) : careful, wise, sensible, cautious collins
  • puissant (adj) : powerful collins
  • quatrième (adj) : fourth collins
  • quelque (adj) : some, whichever, something, somewhere collins | quelques : a few
  • réel (m) | réelle (f) (adj) : real collins
  • responsable (adj) : responsible, liable, in charge of collins
  • rond (adj) : round, well-rounded, honest, drunk, tight, put up with collins
  • roux (m) | rousse (f) (adj) : red - used to describe a color of HAIR. collins
    does it have a plural ?
  • sage (adj) : wise, wiser, good collins
  • sauvage (adj) : wild, unspoiled, ferocious, fierce, unauthorized collins
  • secret (m) | secrète (f) (adj) : secret, secretive collins
  • solide (adj) : solid collins
  • spécial (adj) : special Note : masculine plural spéciaux collins
  • tel (m) | telle (f) (adj) : such, like it collins
  • tout (adj) : all Note : plurals tous (mp) | toutes (fp) collins
  • vieux or vieil (m) | vieille (f) (adj) : old collins
  • vivant (adj) : alive, living, modern collins

Use "c'est" before nouns with articles (un/une, le/la) or possessives (mon/ma).
The rule is that when "il est" or "elle est" are followed by a modified noun (= determiner + noun), they change to "c'est" + modified noun.

On the same rule, in plural, "ils sont" and "elles sont" change to "ce sont".

C'est fermé maintenant.
Il est maintenant fermé.

C'est un magnifique animal !
C'est un animal magnifique !

In french the normal place for an adjective is after the noun, although according to french-linguistics they can go before the noun in certain cases.

In general:

  • the 'default' place for the adjective is after the noun;
  • certain 'basic' or 'functional' adjectives go before the noun;
  • certain adjectives change their meaning or emphasis depending on whether they're before or after the noun.

Could "c'est fermée" be correct if it was referring to a feminine noun being closed |
No, "C'est fermée" is grammatically incorrect. If referencing a feminine noun, I would use the phrase "Elle est fermée". "Est-ce que l'école est fermée? Oui, elle est fermée."


Whew, I am so glad I have got to this stage. Note if you click on collins it will take you to the collins dictionary, where you also get sentence examples and ALSO - you can check out the AUDIO for the words :) . Note, I have also put some questions in here - that I would love someone to give me answers on, and I will fix it up here. And perhaps someone has some other questions - or interesting insights into the words above - that they would like to share on this skill level.
Comme toujours, votre ami dans l'apprentissage, votre Kanga.

3 years ago

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