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When do we use Das and when do we use Der?
Im confused as to why it's Der Apfel as opposed to Das Apfel? and Das Wasser as opposed to Der Wasser?
Well, its kinda complicated. But in simple words, Das is for neuter gender, and Der is for masculine. How to know if its neuter or masculine is the problem. It makes no sense and i has no rules. People just memorize it this way. I have a friend who is almost fluent, and he says he cant distinguish between them perfectly. The truth is, its not that important BUT it is sometimes to distinguish plural from masculine singular. But yet dont care much about it, u can keep the memorization AFTER u actually become better or fluent
Ok woh, learning genders of a word is going to be a huge pain in the butt later on. Learn them now, and you won't have to deal with it later.
(Here's a good memrise course to use along this duolingo course: http://www.memrise.com/course/335725/comprehensive-german-duolingo-vocabulary/
Okay... I undetstood that Das is for neuter while Der is for masculine... What do we use for feminine? Please explain
For the feminine, use "die" for the nominative form - which as you will notice is the same as the plural form for nouns of all genders, though in the plural it declines differently.
If you use the website, you can hover over the nouns. At the bottom it will say the gender; masculine, feminine, or neuter. All masculine nouns are "der". Feminine nouns use "die" and neuter use "das". This does NOT necessarily relate to the biological gender of the noun. For instance, the girl is "das Mädchen"
... this is a typical error by young children learning the German spelling in school
the "R" is vocalized in some words ... especially the words
with the suffix "-er" ... vocalized like an "a"
... like ( der Maler == artist, painter ) ( die Mutter == mother ) ( der Vater == father )
the wrong version is ( Mutter = Muta ) https://goo.gl/zOxnCj
( Vater == Fata ) ( ... ... and so on
two InterNet-articles ... unfortunately only in German
see: ("Der R-Laut") ... http://goo.gl/aTqz5T ...
see: ("discussion about
"Wasser" oder "WassER" ") http://goo.gl/4sWOsw ...
... ... annotation ... the big letters in ( "WassER" ) signals
to explicit pronouce/stress the word (Wasser) in the end as "ER" and not as an "A"
more words with the suffix "-er"
unfortunately the "R"-vocalization is not a rule
for all words with "-er"