Why is "Meinem Mädchen ist nicht schlecht" in the dative case?
In the phrase "Meinem Mädchen ist nicht schlecht", "Mädchen" is doing the action. Why is this the dative case? Is it because the girl is not really moving? Is it always the case that the verb "sein" has its subject in the dative case?
What it means is: Things are going well FOR my girl. "Meinem Mädchen" is not the subject of the sentence here. Often when we use "for" or "to" in English, Germans omit the preposition and use the dative case instead.
You can reformulate the sentence to 'Es ist meinem Mädchen nicht schlecht'. The (implicit) subject of your sentence is 'es'.
@SamirShaker: Yes, that's almost correct. "Meinem Mädchen ist nicht schlecht" means specifically 'my girl doesn't feel sick'.
Oh...So is it correct to say that "Meinem Mädchen ist nicht schlecht" means "It is not going bad with my girl", and that "Mein Mädchen ist nicht schlecht" means "My girl is not bad"?
Es geht mir gut. Es geht meinem Maedchen nicht schlecht. Meinem Maedchen ist nicht schlecht. Mir ist nicht schlecht. Alle aehnlich.
@Tingo: It's an idiomatic expression: 'jemandem ist schlecht' means 'sb. feels sick'. You just have to learn it. 'My girl isn't bad' would be 'Mein Mädchen ist nicht schlecht' (nominative)
Thank god someone answered this... I was going crazy! Thanks a lot guys! ,)
Where does 'feel' come from? From what I understand, "My girl is not bad" should be a perfectly acceptable but duolingo doesn't like my understanding.
German does not say 'es' - a real subject. Very Germanistic expression it is.
It is sort of the same reason as gustar in spanish. Gustar is generally conjugated either gusta or gustan. ex. Me gusta el burrito. Commonly I would say "I like the burrito," but in the spanish form it means "The burrito is pleasing to me" But Me is a direct object pronoun instead of an indirect object pronoun like the dative