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Swedish: En and Ett

I realize that both articles translate to "a" as in: "ett apple [accented a]" or "en kvinna." However, I just don't understand the difference or when to use ett or en, is there anyone who could help?

3 years ago

10 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/NagyDave
NagyDave
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There are some guidelines to predict the gender. Most of the human beings and animals are en nouns. (Exceptions: ett barn, ett djur, ett bi, ett lejon ). Days, months, seasons are en nouns (Exception: ett dygn). Most of the nouns that end in -ad, -are, -dom, -else, -het, -ing, -ning, -ion, -ism, -lek, -nad, -or are en nouns. Most of the nouns that end in -ande, -ende, -ek, -em, -iv, -um are ett nouns. Names of continents, countries, provinces, towns are ett nouns.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/charis_sharp

Thank you! I have just begun learning Swedish, but I have already fallen in love with the language; thank you for helping me to understand the foreign grammar.It makes so much more sense now!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Lo_Canada

Really useful NagyDave, thank you!!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Finnbar8

thanks you so much i have been stuck on this for a few days and you finally just told me

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/m.tastic
m.tastic
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In Swedish there are 2 genders: common and neutral. Nouns with the common gender use "en", and nouns with the neutral gender use "ett".

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Snommelp
Snommelp
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For the most part, there's no solid way of telling when a word will use en or when it will use ett (except of course knowing that it will never change). You just kind of have to learn which one goes with which words. En is more common (substantially so!), because Swedish used to have both masculine and feminine, and those two combined to become the "common gender" en words.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/charis_sharp

Thank you very much for your help!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Snommelp
Snommelp
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You're welcome! And here's a sneak peek at something coming up for you: that "gender" will be coming back for other things, which can help you solidify whether you should use ett or en. For example, asking "which house" would be vilket hus, while "which dog" is vilken hund.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/fynnrye

coolio, now i understand, thanks for asking this question!

11 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Diuckbicksidk

OH! So if you guys don't really get along with the Swedish Language because of plurals and en and ett words go to the website MySwedish here >>>>> https://medium.com/@mailmyswedish/plurals-in-swedish-76f1de93755d

7 months ago