"Tá focal nua agam."
Translation:I have a new word.
What is implied by this - "Tá focal nua foghlamtha agam" or "Tá focal nua cumtha agam"?
Both foghlamtha and cumtha are verbal adjectives — the sentences would translate as “I have a new learned word” and “I have a new coined word” respectively.
My question must have been ambiguous. The 'this' in my question was intended to refer to the sentence Tá focal nua agam, not to the two alternative meanings I supplied. I wanted to know if the sentence meant 'I have learned a new word' or 'I have coined a new word'.
I would not interpret my two sentences as you have done.
Tá focal nua foghlamtha agam = I have learned a new word (although literally it would be as you have translated it).
Tá sé sin déanta agam = I have done that.
Tá an béile ite agam = I have eaten the meal (but literally 'I have the eaten meal')
“I have learned” and “I have coined” are both English active present perfect tenses, which would generally be translated with the Irish past tense rather than with bí + a verbal adjective + ag. The structure that you’d used could be a passive present perfect [“A new word was (just) learned by me”, “A new word was (just) coined by me”] if the action had only recently been completed.
Regarding the question that you’d intended and I’d missed, I’d say that “learned” would be closer to the mark.
Yes, you are right. But I recall my translation from my schooldays. Perhaps it was local to my area or it may be béarlachas. Another example is: Tá an tóin titithe as = The bottom has fallen out of it (literally 'The fallen bottom is out of it').
Wouldn't "I know a new word" be a correct / more idiomatic translation here? Unless we would be playing Scrabble...
The Irish for "I know a new word" is Tá focal nua ar eolas agam.
Tá focal nua agam means "I have a new word". It has the same range of meanings in Irish as it does in English, including both the "understand/know" meaning, and the "possess" meaning that you might use in scrabble, or in coming up with new descriptions of people or things.