"Who is picking you up from the airport?"
Translation:Havalimanından seni kim alıyor?
I had some trouble figuring this out and had to do some research. These are my findings, I hope it benefits some of my fellow toilers:
To find out the verb, subject, and the direct and indirect object, use the following steps:
1 - What is the action (what's being done)? = verb
2 - What or who + verb? = subject
3 - Subject + verb + what/who? = direct object
When definite (specific), the direct object takes the accusative case.
4 - to/for what/whom is the direct object 'verb-ed'? = indirect object
The indirect object takes the dative case.
So applied to the sentence:
who's picking you up from the airport?:
1 - Verb: what's the action? = is picking up
2 - Subject: What or who is picking up? = who
3 - Direct object: What or who is being picked up bij the subject 'who'? = you
4 - Indirect object: to/for what/whom is the direct object 'verb-ed'? = Nothing, there is no indirect object in this sentence.
(For example: in the sentence He reads (to) you a book, the indirect object would be you, which would take the dative case (y)A): sen + a, exception wise becomes sana.
So you is the direct object of the sentence.
Next, if the direct object is specific, it's called definite. Definite direct objects take the accusative case.
In this case, you is specific, so it gets the accusative case . This is formed by adding the suffix (y)İ.
So: sen+i = seni
Because "you" is the direct "object" of the sentence, and it takes the accusative case since it is a definite pronoun or object. Definite objects will take the accusative form, which in this case is sen + (y)i = seni
The "action" of the sentence is the verb, which is "picks up". The subject of the sentence is who is doing the verb. In other words, it's "who" (kim).
The direct object is basically the "receiving end" of the subject "doing" the verb. When it is specific, it is put in the accusative case. Here, we know that you are being picked up by "who". Therefore, "you" are the direct object.
The indirect object would be for/to what or whom the subject "doing" the verb. This would take the dative case. However, we don't have an indirect object, so there is no dative case here :D
Now, since "you" is the definite direct object, it takes an accusative form, which is sen(you) +(y)i = seni