who can explain me the turkish verbs? it's kinda hard :(

May 4, 2015


Can you narrow down the question somewhat? tenses, conjugations, positioning in the sentence...?

This is going to be long, even though I'm only trying to explain the most basic stuff about the verbs. Bear with me. In Turkish, the word order is subject-object-verb, so the verb always comes at the end of the sentence.

The infinitive form ends in "mek" or "mak" depending on the last vowel in the root word. This is because of vowel harmony.

If the last vowel in the root is e, i, ö, or ü: then it ends in "mek".

If the last vowel in the root is a, ı, o, or u: then it ends in "mak".

Examples: içmek (to drink), konuşmak (to talk).

To conjugate these verbs, you have to usually just take the "mek" or "mak" off of it first. If you just have that version, it's imperative, meaning you can use it as a command (iç, konuş). That would be like if you're saying to someone, "drink this coffee," or "talk to me".

Here is an example of present simple conjugations using the verb konuşmak (the root is "konuş").

Ben konuşurum (I talk)

Sen konuşursun (You talk [singular, only talking about one person])

O konuşur (He/she/it talks)

Biz konuşuruz (We talk)

Siz konuşursunuz (You talk [plural, talking about more than one person])

Onlar konuşurlar (They talk)

These have vowel harmony too. If the root ends in u, then you would follow the same pattern as the chart above. If the root's last vowel is an a or ı, then the endings would be a bit different. Imagine that the hyphen in this chart below is a root whose last vowel is an a or ı. An example would be bakmak, which means "to look".

Ben -arım

Sen -arsın

O -ar

Biz -arız

Siz -arsınız

Onlar -arlar

And if the last root vowel is e or i...

Ben -erim

Sen -ersin

O -er

Biz -eriz

Siz -ersiniz

Onlar -erler

And finally, if the last root vowel is ö or ü...

Ben -ürüm

Sen -ürsün

O -ür

Biz -ürüz

Siz -ürsünüz

Onlar -ürler

There are a few exceptions to this order that you'll have to memorize. But you can get to that later. For now, if you are completely new to Turkish, you should first focus on this simple present tense and the vowel harmony. I hope I was able to help.

Ok, I'll start!

Verbs come at the end of the sentence.

;p Seriously, this is a big topic. It should go on a question-answer basis. If there are specific things you want to know, ask them and we'll focus on those.

According to the Tips and Notes: "In Turkish, each sentence has only one verb."

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