"They are looking for a house with three rooms."
Translation:Onlar üç odalı bir ev arıyorlar.
arıyor/aramıyor. - does this irregular verb only lose the second 'a' when in positive form. As I am confused with the fact that I have seen it with the second a in negative form. Can anyone whether my assumption is correct and if so does this apply to all regular verbs?
You're correct in your observations, but not in your assumptions about them. "Aramak" is regular, so there will be more vowels disappearing in your future. :-)
The disappearing "A" actually results specifically from the present continuous tense (the -iyor suffix) and the fact that the innocent looking "i" at the front is insanely gluttonous and will eat any vowel it can get its greedy little hands on. He is consonant-intolerant, haha! Here's what happens:
When we remove -mek/-mak from an infinitive verb to start conjugating and the stem ends in a vowel, this final vowel will disappear and the "-i" will harmonize with the NEW final vowel!
- aramak: ara (stem) + iyor = arıyor
- ödemek: öde + iyor = ödüyor
If there is no vowel left in the stem, -iyor will just hang out in the buff, like it was in charge the whole time:
- yemek: ye + iyor = yiyor
It's true that -iyor's evil ways are sometimes hard to notice because some vowels (i, ı, u, ü) are options in the 4-way vowel-harmony game, so we end up replacing the vowel with the same thing we took out.... But if we think about it, we're not doubling or buffering vowels, so the original stem vowel is actually missing (just like the second A in "ara"):
- okumak: oku (root) + iyor = okuyor (NOT okuuyor, okuyuyor, etc.)
And finally, if we look a bit closer at your example in the negative "aramıyor" we can see that this crazy -iyor suffix even stole the vowel off the negative particle!
- ara + ma + iyor = aramıyor
(Sneaky -iyor strikes again! How DOES that little i stay so thin??)
So, the bad news: no vowel is safe before -iyor. But the good news: to my knowledge, this is the only cannibalistic suffix we have to worry about and all the others will be much better behaved! :-)
So this sentence is wrong without the bir? I thought bir etc were all optional no? Is that only for the subject?
Old question, I know... but better late than never :-)
The "bir" is optional UNLESS we are also using adjectives/modifiers. So in this case, we are saying it's a 3-room house, so "bir" is necessary.
üç odalı bir ev // büyük bir ev // mavi bir ev // etc.
You cannot use ile or -le, -la in this sentence. İle means "and", "together with" or "by using". If the meaning of with is "having" like in this sentece you need to use -li, -lı, -lü, -lu endings.
It is wrong, it's akin to writing "a house three rooms with they're looking for." Sentence structure is incorrect.
Also ile gives the meaning of "together" so it's not really suitable for this sentence above.