"Hello, how are you?"
Translation:Bonjour, comment vas-tu ?
yes, but that is simply because you're not using correct punctuation. its called text talk. i don't use apostrophes and etc when typing to others in an informal or non professional manner. For example, in English, dont , wouldnt , couldnt etc. are actually incorrect without their punctuations.. same with English words using hyphens.. thats why your phone corrects it because it is technically not right.
The best way to find out meanings of words is to look them up in a dictionary. "Interrogative" is from the word "interrogate" which means "to ask questions". "Inversion" is from the word "invert" which means turn upside down. "Affirmative" is from the word "affirm" which means "to state that something is true", so an affirmative statement is one that is positive.
Well, @yetanothername, if you used a good dictionary like Cambridge, it actually does explain inversion with regard to grammar: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/grammar/british-grammar/word-order-and-focus/inversion
In English we do say "You carry yourself very well," "You carry yourself with grace and dignity," or "You carry yourself with elegance and poise." Of course, the opposite of that is "You make a fool of yourself." So if someone asks how my day was going, I would say, "Not good. I made a fool out of myself." So I can see why it's part of a greeting.
Thanks for the info!
The translations of your examples would use the verb "se comporter":
- tu te comportes très bien
- tu te comportes avec grâce, dignité, élégance et prestance.
- tu te comportes comme un crétin/idiot/imbécile
- je me suis comporté comme un.../je me suis ridiculisé
The question was to choose a good translation for "Hello, how are you". Two of the three options were "Bonjour, ça vas?" and "Bonjour, ça va?" and I chose the former one and it was incorrect. I thought it "ça vas?" might be used for a close "tu" person. Can somebody tell me why this is wrong? Thanks.
I did Italian for a little while, and if my memory serves me well than "salute" is the same as "bless you" and a way of saying "be safe." So is Italian just not very close to French at all? I would really appreciate some help with this question, because I want to know so that I stop making the mistake of using Italian to figure out what I'm supposed to say. Thank you for any help or responses I receive.
I've started learning both Italian and Spanish and they seem closer to each other than they are to French. You have to remember that the meanings of words change over time and that each language is under no obligation to stay in line with any other language.
A little bit of research shows that French « salut » and Italian "salute" both come from Latin "salus"/"salutem", however, they now mean different things. You need to learn each word separately and whether they're related in meaning to words you already know or not.
"Bonjour" can be used any time during daylight hours. In general, it is just a polite "hello", but in the morning you might use it for "good morning", and in the afternoon you might use it when you would say "good afternoon". "Salut" is an informal way of saying "hi", "bye", or "hello", "goodbye" to a friend. It is not used as "good morning" or "good afternoon".
The French book I am following uses it in some of their examples when one person is looking for another other, calling out Holà! and then gives this entry in their glossary;
holà (ola) interj. hallo!
I also visited "le Trésor de la langue française informatisé", after this lesson and found this example usage;
Holà, ne faites pas tant de bruit (Ac.).
So I am beginning to feel that in the context of making a statement unexpectedly and interrupting the other person or trying to catch their attention that holà is hello.
So, in the scenario where a French speaker catches you off guard they could say "Holà, comment ça va?" would that be a correct way of saying "Hello, how are you?"?
"ça" is the shortened version of "cela", used in spoken French.
It means "this/that thing" or "it".
"vas" is the 2nd person singular ("tu" = familiar "you") conjugation of verb "aller" (to go).
"How are you?" uses verb "to be" to inquire about someone's health.
In French, the verb used is "aller".
so "how are you?" translates to "comment (how) vas (go) -tu (you) ?"
"comment vas-tu ?" is closer to "how are you going?"
"comment ça va ?" or "ça va ?" literally means "how are things doing/going?"
allo (no accent) is used as your first word on the phone. There is no indication here that the sentence has such context.
this girl is really nice = cette fille est vraiment gentille, agréable, aimable, sympa
this dress is nice = cette robe est jolie, ravissante, sympa
So, "nice" and "sympa" are good friends as they very often translate one another.
These are idioms in both languages: http://dictionnaire.reverso.net/anglais-definition/idiom
Think of it as "How are you going?". Then you'll get the French translation. In English there are many ways to ask and "How are you?" is short for some of them because it doesn't really make sense by itself.
- How do you do? (excessively formal)
- How are you going?
- How are you doing?
- How's it going?
Sometimes when you give an answer that is different from what the Duo computer (not person) was expecting, it focuses on the error and may not point at the main error. In this case, Duo was probably telling you that there should be a space not hyphen...albeit in a clumsy way. Duo is not perfect.
If you are talking about the greeting, then quoi de neuf ? is how you say "what's up?"
Translations are not always literal. "How are you?" is Comment vas-tu ? which also is not a literal translation. Neither is "It is cold", Il fait froid.
Qu'y a-t-il ? means "what is wrong?" so yes, if that is the meaning you meant to convey rather than the greeting. I was translating the greeting which can also be stated as "What's happening?"
Oddly enough, when I am given the French sentence "Salut, comment ça va?" first, it says I am wrong when I translate it to "Hello, how are you?", claiming that the translation is actually "Hey, how are you?" However, when it gives me the English sentence "Hello, how are you?" first, the word bank only has the translation "Salut, comment ça va?" Is this something I need to report?
On principle, every single translation must be the closest possible to the original, in all aspects.
"Hello" is less formal than "good morning" but more than "hi", so the prime translation should be "salut" or "bonjour".
"how are you" has "how", which should and can translate to "comment"
"how are you" has "you", which should translate to "tu" or "vous".
That should be your order of priority and therefore "Hello, how are you?" has among its best translations, "Salut/Bonjour, comment vas-tu / allez-vous ?".
If you apply the above principles to every translation, you should not have issues with your submissions.
Salut is not as formal as "hello". It is as informal as "hi". If you were meeting the Queen of England, you would be advised not to say "hi" to her, but "hello" may be OK. Accuracy of translation is important. Back translating is a good way to check how accurate your translation is.
Is your confusion about the pronouns tu and vous? They both mean "you". Tu is always singular. Vous can be the plural of tu or the alternative of tu and therefore it too can be used to address a single person if that person is:
unfamiliar to you; or
more senior than you in age or rank.
Vous is used when you want to show respect.
So you choose the greeting depending on whom you are addressing.
Here is a little more info on greetings: https://frenchtogether.com/how-are-you-in-french/
There is no such thing as a "real correct answer" on Duolingo. The site just suggests possible translations that are *also * correct. If you are wondering about when to say what, here is a non-exhaustive list of ways to translate "Hello, how are you" in order of least formal to most formal with some approximate English equivalents and notes:
"slt cv" or "bj cv" are used exclusively online and are not accepted on Duolingo. "Salut, quoi de neuf ?" is for extremely casual conversation. It could be approximated by "Hey, what's new?" or "Hi, what's up?" "Salut/Bonjour, ça va ?" is for close friends and family. Salut is closer to hi and bonjour is like hello. "Salut/Bonjour, comment ça va ?" "Bonjour comment vas-tu?" "Bonjour, comment allez-vous"
In general, salut is less formal than bonjour; tu is informal and singular you; vous is formal when talking to one person and for plural you; abbreviating and dropping words is less formal than saying the "comment"; affirmative questions ("tu viens où?") are less formal than phrasal questions ("Où est-ce que tu viens") which are, in turn, less formal than inverted questions ("Où viens-tu ?").
It is not an error. The space is mandatory before some punctuation marks, and a question mark is one of those that must have a space before them:
In French, a space is required both before and after all two- (or more) part punctuation marks and symbols, including : ; « » ! ? % $ #
That is how questions are asked formally in French. You put the verb before the subject and add a hyphen. "Comment vas-tu ?" (Formal) = "Comment tu vas ?" (Informal)
More about that here: http://french.about.com/library/weekly/aa110601.htm
I had the exercise where i had to choose the word bubbles to create the sentence, and i was cobfused by the lack of a "comment" bubble, so i put "bonjour, ça va vous" and it was marked wrong. I thought putting the subject pronoun at the end was a normal way to ask a question? Thanks in advance for any explanation :)
This sentence, like English, can be translated many ways. "Bonjour, ça va ?" and "Bonjour, comment allez-vous ?" are both correct. The first is close to "Hello, how's it going" (informal) and the second is "Hello, how are you?" (more formal or speaking to more than one person). Putting the subject pronoun at the end is a normal way to ask a question but this case is an exception. It would be like saying "Hello, how's it going you?" It sounds awkward and is incorrect. Le française est une langue exceptionnelle...
So choose what is available that conveys the same thought. If you don't know what that is, read the discussion to find out. That is what you should do anytime you have a question. Read before posting. Most times you won't even need to post anything because the discussions usually cover many of the questions people have.
I really wish people would stop saying that "Bonjour" means "Good morning". It's right in the word "Bon-jour" literally means "Good-day" and yes, it's often used in place of "Hello" like people used to say in English as well. We've just become very informal in English most of the time these days. I was also taught that "Salut" is quite informal and only really used with friends and family. We were not supposed to use it in school with teachers. It's that kind of informal.
There is no excuse for a keyboard missing ç and Duo does expect you to include the cedilla where it is due.
Smartphones just need you to hold the letter key down till a menu with options of the letter in question with symbols pops up.
If you do Duolingo on a PC, a keyboard with the special characters is provided on the screen or you can use ALT Codes.
Who said Duo expected you to know or to translate just one and not the other? If you got it wrong, it had nothing to do with plural or singular. Both Bonjour, comment vas-tu ? and Bonjour, comment allez-vous ? are correct translations. If you got it wrong, it is because something else in your answer was wrong.
You might consider bookmarking an online dictionary like Collins below so you can get immediate answers to questions like this if you do not want to read the discussion to see what has been said about the word you are curious about. Otherwise please make it a point to read the discussion first so you refrain from asking questions which have already been answered.
Rather than guessing or assuming you know the meaning of words, or rushing to post incorrect info, why not read the discussion first as it has already answered some of the questions you ask and look up the actual meanings of words in a dictionary. Reading first can spare you some embarrassment.
Bienvenue means "welcome". https://www.collinsdictionary.com/us/dictionary/french-english/bienvenu
Sometimes you can use logic to guess. You know "comment" means how, "allez" means "go" (second person plural or singular formal", and "vous" means you (second person plural or singular fomal). So you can guess the sentence is asking "How are you going?" While not exactly a greeting in English, you do know "how (is it/are things) going?" is used to greet people; so if you have multiple choice, it is easy to guess the right answer. If you get it wrong and write "how are you going?", then this is an opportunity to learn from your mistakes. I find I remember phrases better when I think about them even when I get them wrong. The discussions then help me correct the reasoning that led me to the wrong answer. Sometimes the challenge makes learning more fun than always having answers fed to you in advance.