"I like those dresses."
Translation:Eu gosto daqueles vestidos.
I wrote a long answer to questions like this some time ago: http://www.duolingo.com/comment/536217.
In Brazilian speech "esse" is often used for nearby things where an English speaker would choose either "this" or "that". The plural forms "these" or "those" need "esses" in the same circumstances.
Yes, those are the rules I describe in the article I cited earlier, but in colloquial Brazilian Portuguese the distinction between "este" and "esse" is mostly lost: http://streetsmartbrazil.com/blog/20121221/difference-between-este-and-esse-portuguese.
Thanks Davu, I certainly don't argue your colloquial speech point! However, I don't think you would mix the terms in your school essay, and probably your professor wouldn't even mix 'este' and 'esse' in oral language. For me, it's better & simpler to learn the rules, then to relax them when I use the language. My final comment would be that it seems to me that colloquial lingo development is a bit geographic (although I should emphasise that I haven't been all over Brazil, and I certainly don't have empirical data volumes to make statistics). I've experienced that people in the north/north east is more likely to "simplify" the language, whereas from Sampa and southward people tend to speak more "correctly" (or conservatively). The funny thing is that despite the very relaxed attitude in RJ, native Cariocas seem to speak rather conservatively from my experience. Maybe closer to pt_PT due to the imperial connection to RJ & Petropolis...? I'm not a native and definitely speculating quite a bit, so bear with me or shoot me if considered necessary to maintain world peace ;-)
Uhm...are you 100% you are not interchanging now?
- Aquele = That (always 'that'), refers to something far from both the speaker and the listener
- Esse = That, refers to something close to the listener/target. (If you speak to someone, and are discussing something he/she holds in his/her hands, that would typically be 'esse'. (It has been noted in other discussions that 'esse' is today also sometimes used for 'this' in colloquial Portuguese as of today, hence the difference from 'este' to 'esse' is somewhat shading out, maybe.)
- Este = This (something close to the speaker).
In parallel to the words este/esse/aquele, the words for "here" and "there" change accordingly:
- Este aqui = this one here
- Esse aí = that one there (within reach of you, to whom I speak)
- Aquele lá (or aquele alí) = that one there (far from both of us)
Both are contractions with "de", "de + esses" and "de + aqueles" and both can be fairly translated as "of those" (The verb "gostar" needs the preposition "de"). The difference between "esse(s)" and "aquele(s)" is discussed in AlfSagen's answer to ZoukLady and for concrete things is related to location.