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You know how in English we often need to add the word "to" after listen? As in "Listen to me" or "I listen to music."?
Similarly, we often need to add de after the verb "gostar".
"Você gosta de mim?" and "Eu gosto de sopa".
We do it when we specify what we are referring to (me, soup).
I hope it helps! =]
Isn't it a bit more complicated than this? I thought 'de' is used specifically when the object of the sentence is a person(al pronoun).
I understood "Elas gostam ji voce" so we've got to pronunce "de" "ji"? For "leite" is the same I hear "leche"!
Only sometimes, and you don't have to (in Brazil, they don't say gee for d in some regions, like in the South). But you are correct. I would say it this way:
Elas gostam gee você.
Elas gostam gee ley-chee.
I'm not sure how to explain the rule. I guess we do it if:
- the syllable starts with a
- the next letter is an
- Exception: if
tis the first letter of the word, and it is followed by an e, then they sound "normal".
I don't think I've ever tried to explain it before, so it might need some adjustments. But I hope it helps! =]
People learning English have trouble differentiating between "men" and "man" as well, but there is a difference here. I recently described the
é sound in ELA (é-lah) as the a in mattress (American English), and the
ê sound in ELE (ê-lee) as the first "e" in begin. Or something like that.
This is how Brazilian Portuguese speakers easily tell them apart--by the sound of the first "e" in ele or ela. I can't guarantee that the robot would say it correctly (especially in turtle speed), but I hope it helps! =]
You know how in English we often need to add the word "to" after listen? As in "Listen to me" or "I listen to music."? Similarly, we often need to add de after the verb "gostar". "Você gosta de mim?" and "Eu gosto de sopa". We do it when we specify what we are referring to (me, soup).
They like you "They" means "Eles" and "Elas" ... - when do I know what is the right word?
You don't, unless you have context. It would only be elas if you knew it was 2+ females (or feminine noun). If the group is male/mixed/unknown, we'd use "eles". Duolingo usually accepts both/either as a translation for "they". I hope it helps! =]
What if I want to say I like you? Eu gostam de voce? Or does like gostam de has another form for 1st person?
The verb would change from gostam to gusto. Depending on whether you far i first person or third person or now many you are talking about the spending will change. Eu gosto, tu gostas, ele/ela gosta, nós gostamos, eles/elas/vocês gostam
It's the opposite of Spanish. Spanish: "gustar" would agrees with the number. Ex: Me gustan estas mujeres. Portuguese: "gostar" only agrees with the pronoun, the subject. Ex: Eu gosta estas mulheres. Am I right?
You are, but one small correction: With the verb "gostar" in present form, "eu" is always followed by "gosto" (and not "gosta", because that's used with você/ele/ela). =]
Would the european portuguese use 'tu' instead of 'voce'? Or would the whole sentence structure change if 'tu' was used?
What do you use when "they" is a group of both men and women? Do you use the male form if a group includes at least one man, like in Hebrew?