"I like pineapples."

Translation:Eu gosto de abacaxis.

September 23, 2013

This discussion is locked.


Why not ''Eu gosto abacaxis.'' and how do we know where to put ''de''?


There is not a reason! You just need to know the prepositions you use along with the verbs. Here we use: gostar + DE + noun/verb.


If this is the case it would be nice if duolingo would have taught us that. You cant just say, "you just need to know...." This has been driving me crazy for like what, 58 days! lol


Duolingo actually tells you all the grammar you need on the light bulb button when you click a lesson.


I believe "ananás" is also a word for pineapple.


Yes, but it is also a word in Portuguese, as well as most other languages. English, Spanish, and Portuguese are among the odd ones for not using "ananas" as the primary word for pineapple.


In european portuguese "ananas" is also the primary word.


When I was in the Açores I asked for an abacaxi and they looked at me funny. They grow ananás, which are small European pineapples, where as abacaxi they said were the larger South American variety. I so wish you could learn Brazilian OR main land Portuguese desperately in DuoLingo.


I wish they could be learnt separately too


Why not "dos abacaxis" since it is plural? Thank you!


Because it is specific. Dos = de + os (... the pineapples).


Sorry, don't understand the explanation. "Dos abaxacix" is what I answered and was wrong. Thank you!


There was no "the" in the sentence. Dos abacaxis = the pineapples.


But they haven't used this word "ananas". Only abacaxis. They shouldn't penalize it.


Abacaxi is only used in Brazilian Portuguese. Never heard it Asian Portuguese (Macau, Timor, Goa) or in Mozambique or Portugal, Madeira, Cabo Verde. It was a new word for me when I went to Brazil. I think both ananas and abacaxi should be excepted.


Comparison to Spanish grammar... me gusta... ?


No. It's quite different from Spanish. In Spanish you just have "gusta" and "gustan" after me, te, le, nos, os, les. Me gustan las faldas rojas. In Portuguese you conjugate "gostar" like any other verb. Then you have "eu gosto de saias vermelhas"


Please note that while you can conjugate 'gustar' in this way 'yo gusto...." etc, it does NOT have the same meaning and is a much rarer use. [yo le gusto a mi madre cuando canto//I please my mother when i sing]


It has the same meaning as before, it's just that the subject is now the speaker. The difference is that the word gustar and gostar have reversed meanings in both languages.


Remember to add "de" before whatever it is that you like. Eu gosto das caipirinhas


E eu gosto das capivaras!


Come on duolingo. Please factor in that some people...like me.......want to learn mainland/ European Portuguese... The original and best !!!


Which is more common to be used by a native speaker in a general sentence like this? Abacaxi or abacaxis?


Shouldn't abacaxi have an accent on the i?


No, the 'i' at the end already pulls the stress.

Full accent marking tutorial ahead:

You always look at the end of a word in singular inflection ("principal", not "principais" is what must be analyzed for the stress mark). If it ends in O, E or A, then the natural stress state (without accents) will be on the penultimate syllable, but if the stress of the word is either on the previous or the following syllable, you mark the correspondent accent there. Example of possible words (for the sake of practicing the system):


-prefeito (stress on -fei-)


And so if the word doesn't end with one of the 3 letters, be it a diphtongue or a consonant or just the other 2 vowels i and u, then the natural state instead is layed on the last syllable. In this case if the actual stress of the word is on the previous syllable, then you mark the correspondent accent. Examples with 'principal' for the sake of example:


-principal (stress on -pal)

This is useful since as I demonstrated, you can have multiple words that are written the same but with different stressings (these other words didn't exist, I just used them as possible existing words), like 'dúvida' and 'duvida' ('dúvida' is 'doubt/question' something a student has, duvida is the 3rd person indicative of duvidar). Try practicing hearing the words, identifying their stresses, and writting them down. Hint: all verbs in infinitive end with an -R with no accent, so now you already know their stress is last and why.


"Gosta" is used with "Você", "Ele" and "Ela".

Eu gosto - I like

Você gosta = You like (singular)

Tu gostas = You like (singular)

Ele/ela gosta = He/she/it likes

Nós gostamos = We like

Vocês gostam = You like (plural)

Eles/elas gostam = They like

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