"Ich mag die Teller."
Just patience, and repetition. The German cases are very common in most of Indoeuropean languages (like in Latin, Greek, Polish... even in English, although they are not so obvious anymore), and are the basis of the grammar of modern grammar. For example, "who", "whose", "whom" are in fact different cases of the same root, just like in German.
Good luck, mein Freund!
We Spanish talkers have words for that. But it keeps being hard to understand... I guess spanish feels easier because the plural is applied both to the article and the subject: "los platos=die Teller=the plates"; "el plato=den Teller=the plate". Actually I find english easier than spanish or german
But if Teller was feminine it would also be die Teller wouldn't it? Accusative is den, die, das right? So being able to discern whether Teller was plural or feminine here rests on knowing that Teller is masculine. Are there any tricks in guessing the gender of a newly learned noun?
So far I've read that -chen tends to be neuter and -e tends to be feminen.
You're right, -chen is usually neuter and -ung is usually feminine. This page may help: http://www.learn-german-smarter.com/learn-german-articles.html
Yes! But as far as I know there are lots of exceptions.
Masculine if it ends in -ig, -or, -ismus (and I think something like 75 percent of nouns are Masculine so a lot others as well)
Feminine if it ends in -ei, -ie, -heit, -keit, -schaft, -ung, -ion, -taet, -ade, -ik, -ur, -unft, -enz and most two syllable words that end in "e"
Neuter if it has diminuitive suffixes like -lein, or -chen, gerunds (verbs that are "nouned") and most nouns that end in -um.
Wouldn't have helped you here though, unless you went with the "must be Masculine since it doesn't follow the other endings and a majority of nouns are masculine."
My source is "English Grammar for Students of German" which i definitely reccomend.