I find it really difficult to hear the difference between the different prepositions (for example, una and la) when playing the audio for these questions. Is anyone else having a similar problem? I can't tell if it's just that I'm not used to the Italian language yet, so I'm not yet recognizing these words, or if it's just that the computerized voice is making it difficult to distinguish them.
I definitely agree, as someone who hasn't heard much italian before coming here, I find this voice to be really, really hard to understand, and sometimes I just don't hear whole words! Usually it doesn't even help much with slowing it down since the speed isn't the problem. I've never had this problem with german.
I ve problem with knowing the difference between bevi bevo nd beve.mangi nd magia
-"bevi" means "you drink"; -"bevo" means "i drink"; -"beve" means "he/she drinks"; -"mangi" means "you eat"; -"mangia" means "he/she eats"
So...Italian also follows the same rules of verb conjugations depending on the nouns like its sister languages? Moreover, I'm guessing it also follows the same rules for past, present, future verbs, prepositions, etc.
That depends on what you mean by "following the same rules". They are pretty similar compared to other languages.
Each of these pages show a conjugation chart under "Conjugation" or "Inflection":
To be honest the lady speaks slowly. You should hear how Italians speak in real life. My boyfriend lives there and I'm trying to exercise with him... But he speaks much faster than this lady. It's a nightmare
Not sure where her accent is from in Italy, but when you speak Italian, you tend to drop certain letters in words anyway, like "io taglio la aranciata" you miss out the g in "taglio"
That's actually kind of a bad example, because the g in taglio forms part of the gli digraph, which is pronounced as a separate sound.
Saying the g is silent would be like saying the t in "there" is silent because you don't hear a t sound.
I know .. I had that problem with Gli, and some others but I think it's a computer generated voice that's making it problematic. Maybe I'm wrong
If you have a problem, my only suggestion is turning the volume up higher. I've never had that problem, there's really a distinction to me at least. However, it doesn't matter if you can't tell if she said "la" or "le", "una" or "un", or something like that, because if you understood the rest of the sentence it should be obvious. Hope that helped. :)
I too have a difficult time, my Mom and Dad spoke italian fluently but i have much difficulty wih many of"her" words
I agree! I have a problem with many of her words, even slowed down. In real life all languages can be difficult for the untrained ear, but for a language learning programme they should make sure, at least when slowed down, that the words are clear. I knew this had to be 'una' solely because I heard 'ragazza' clearly.
When they threw in "siamo," I got confused, because it's the same as "sei," which is "are" in English. BUT, then I realized you use "siamo" when talking about "we," as in "we are." And you use "sei" when talking about "you," as in "you are." Lol And they say English is the hardest language to learn... :p
Actually English is fairly easy to learn (it has very few rules, the problem for English learners are the exceptions to those rules :P). Fusional languages are much harder to learn, with all those overlaying morphemes XD.The hardest language to learn among "Western languages" is Polish, with its 7 Cases, 7 Genders and a very difficult pronunciation. Just to give an example: an English speaker becomes fluent at around 12 years old, whereas a Polish speaker doesn't become fluent until they're about 16 years old.
"una" is always "a" (a girl, una ragazza) while "the" is "la" (the girl, la ragazza)
The word 'e' (with a backward accent) is used with lui (meaning he, or a masculine it) and lei (she, or a feminine it). Translated into English, it's the word 'is' (to be joined with he, she, or it). 'Sei' on the other hand means are, to be joined with 'tu' to convey 'You are'...
Tu sei... = You are... Lui e... = He is... (Or: It is...) Lei e... = She is... (Or: It is...)
Keep in mind that in Italian, you don't HAVE to use the pronoun with the verb for it to be grammatically correct. You can say 'you are' by beginning a sentence with 'sei' alone.
Hope that makes sense!
the word ragazza..up until this point meant a female. Does it also mean "kid" just to clarify the error I made
We don't have a neutral word for kid. Italian is a gendered language (unfortunately), so you either say "ragazzo" (boy, as in male youth) or "ragazza" (girl, as in female youth). The more general "kids" would be "ragazzi" (plural from the masculine ragazzo). Ragazz/a/o can refer to late teenage and up to even 30-year-olds xD. "Ragazzino/a" (literally "little ragazzo/a") is used for, I would say, kids between the age of 10 and possibly 15. Kids under 10/11 are called "bambino/a" (boy, girl). Hope this isn't too confusing :)
Saw this on another thread and had to pass it on (if you haven't already seen it) http://www.wordreference.com/conj/ItVerbs.aspx?v=bere How to conjugate verbs.
I just started learning Italian today,and it's in some ways a tiny but like French. That makes it a bit easier to learn this language for me. Even though there will be a lot of differences.
You are a doctor.
Hai sei figli.
You have six children.
You are doctors.
Usually, only one will make sense.
Ragazza always means "girl", as in a female child. If you want to talk about a child in general without reference to gender, use ragazzo.
Sei una ragazza.
You are a girl.
Sei un ragazzo.
You are a boy. / You are a kid.
You are girls.
You are boys. / You are kids.
In general, the masculine form of a word is used if you don't know the gender of someone. The feminine is used if the person/thing is specifically female.
"Tu sei" would mean "Tu eres" in my language. So how will a native Spanish speaker who's learning Portuguese and French fare with Italian? :)
They are pretty similar languages!
io sono / tu es / lui è
noi siamo / voi siete / loro sono
yo soy / tú eres / él es
nosotros somos / vosotros sois / ellos son
eu sou / tu és / ele é
nós somos / vós sois / eles são
je suis / tu es / il est
nous sommes / vous êtes / ils sont
eu sunt / tu ești / el este
noi suntem / voi sunteți / ei sunt
"Ragazza" should be pronounced like rah-GAHT-sah, yes? The computer-lady voice makes girl come out sounding like "ragatta" or something.... no 'ts' sound at the end.
maybe I'm mistaken on what double z sounds like in Italian???
My friend's first language was Italian and she told me that "ragazza" is definitely not pronounced the way it would be pronounced it English. The double-z definitely sounds different then just "zzz". I was pronouncing it rah-gaht-ZAH and that was wrong, and I think your pronunciation may be wrong too. Has someone who speaks Italian told you that?
I think willwrite4cigs is correct, we pronounce it "rah-GAHT-sah", and the "zz" sound becomes something like the English "ds" in "Hudson". Hope it helps. :)
Why does this site punish you if you aren't able to hear the audio for whatever reason? Why can't one avoid the questions with audio if need be? I'm in my Italian class right now and the computer has no sound.
Tu sei is basically you are, and is the equivalent to the Io sono?
I'm correct in assuming those are some pretty big phrases to know?
"Tu sei" is "you are", while "io sono" is "I am". And yes, the conjugation of the verb "to be" is usually the most basic thing you can learn about a language. It's inescapable.
girl you are on fire! very impressed, you are clearing up a bunch for me too.
thank you so much! :) I know how hard Italian can be to learn, and I try to make myself available as much as I can, glad to help :)
Why is the double z pronounced differently in 'ragazza' and 'ragazzp'? Is this standard? If so, what's the rule?
It should be pronounced the same, that is, as "rah-gat-sah" or "ra-gaht-soh". Unfortunately the Duolingo voice gets it wrong XD I urge people who want to hear an actual Italian voice speaking, to not limit themselves to Duolingo but to try out a couple of videos on youtube, just to get the hang of the pronunciation.
Is the pronunciation of the initial 'r' in ragazza after una the same as when ragazza is singly pronounced? Sounds very different for me and I don't know how to pronounce it correctly after una. Someone please help??!
Not quite-- the English is "You are a girl," because "an" is only used before vowel sounds.
Sono una ragazza > I am a girl
Sei una ragazza > You are a girl
You're mixing up your forms of essere.
essere (to be)
io sono / I am
tu sei / you are
lui è / he is
noi siamo / we are
voi siete / y'all are
loro sono / they are
ragazza = girl
ragazzo = boy
ragazze = girls
ragazzi = boys
This pattern repeats itself a lot in Italian.
does anyone else notice you can hover over the words and it tells you the thing?
How do I know “sei” means are and not were, that it is present not past tense?
Past tense would be "Eri una ragazza".
sei = present ind.
eri = imperfect ind.
fosti = past historic ind.
sarai = future ind.
saresti = present cond.
sia = present subj.
fossi = imperfect subj.
sii = imperative
Right now, we're only working with very basic sentences, because Italian has a beast of a verb system.
I've been looking 3 hours for a app that can show me how to speak italy.But in every app i have to pay or it's a to heavy app, this app is what i've been looking for it's perfekt
Hum, because of missing dot (.) my answer for listening of audio was wrong :(
tu = you
sei = (you) are
una = a (feminine)
ragazza = girl
(Tu) sei una ragazza.
You are a girl.
The tu can be omitted here without changing the meaning of the sentence because sei is only used with tu.