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In portuguese we have something called "direct object" and "indirect object". A sentence is made by a subject (Eu/ I) a verb (gosto/like) and the object the verb refers to (mulheres/women).
Some verbs are indirect, which means that it needs an adjunct. "De" is one of the many adjuncts that may come together with the indirect verbs. You'll just have to learn that, there isn't a logic. It's just the way it is. Even I have problems with that some times. haha
The verb "gostar" will always demand a "de", cause it is indirect.
Eu = I gosto = like isso = this
"disso" is the short form for "de isso". So it turns out "Eu gosto disso".
Perhaps the way to think of gostar is "to be pleased". The "de" preposition then would be translated as "by" --- "gostar de" == "to be pleased by". As other people note it's a different construction than Spanish "gustar", which is indeed not a passive construction. "Me gusta(n) ..." == "... please(s) me".
Is it supposed to be spelled "gusto" or "gosto"? This website (http://conjugation.com/portuguese-verb-conjugation/gusto) says "gusto" but duolingo says "gosto" Thanks in advance,