Can someone help me understand Dutch pronouns?
I've just started learning Dutch and I'm picking up most of it. But I'm having a problem the the you pronouns (je/jij/u) and when to use them. I just can't seem to work it out! Any helpful tips?
Je and jij are interchangeable (but jij puts more emphasis on the word), u is very formal (like vous in French).
I thought this at the start but sometimes I'm marked wrong if, for example I use jij, and told I use the other, in this example Je
If it is the subject of the sentence they are interchangeable. Only when it is a write what you hear question, you can only use je or jij depending on what is being said, as there is a difference in pronunciation.
This is a good website on pronunciation in Dutch: http://www.heardutchhere.net/DutchPronunciation.html
look at the bottom of Basics 1 it will explain when to use them. U you wont get too until the section formal so don't worry about that yet. Je sounds like yeh, and Jij sounds like yay.
Jij and Je are interchangeable, but if you want to put emphasis on someone, use Jij. U should be used in place of both in formal situations (such as with a teacher or another adult you just met). Jullie is the plural form of you. It is the same thing as saying "Y'all" or "You Guys" in English or "Vosotros" in Castilian Spanish (or "Ustedes" in the rest of the Spanishes).
U is used to be polite, and usually when you speak to older people or people you don' t know that well
Jij is used when you want to to place emphasis on the pronoun
Je can be used in all other cases.