Okay, just to make sure i am right about this:
"Gutten spiser eplet sitt" = He is eating his (own) apple.
"Gutten spiser eplet hans" = He is eating his (maybe the father's) apple.
Am I right?
THANK YOU FOR YOUR COMMENT. Now, I think I got it.
How to determine sex of something? Like, is it Masculine, Feminine or Neuter.
There's no way to tell, you just have to learn every single word and its gender and remember it :)
Shouldn't it be "sin" to match the gender of "gutt", since "sitt" is the neutral form of "sin"?
"Sitt" matches "eplet" here, which is neuter.
Ah! Thank you!
Is there any difference between the meanings of "Gutten spiser eplet sitt" and "Gutten spiser sitt eple" or can I always use both interchangably?
The second sentence can be used to put emphasis on that he is eating his own apple, not somebody else's. (Han spiser sitt eple, ikke hennes.)
The meaning is the same. But notice that the first is more colloquial while the second is a formal expression.
Is 'sitt' like the singular 'they' in English?
No. Sitt is a third person neuter possessive pronoun.
... and of course the neuter aspect is referring to what the pronoun possesses, not what the pronoun represents. (That one always catches me if I am not paying attention.)
Yeah, that bothered me a lot when I was learning German as well :P
I answered "the boy is eating his own apple" why it is incorrect?
sitt = his own / ditt = could be his or owned by other.
"his own" would be "sitt eget". And "ditt" means "your". I think what you mean is "hans", which could either mean "his own" or "someone else's".
Is the apple the boy's or does it imply another male's apple? I keep getting confused.
it's the boy's
It would be "hans" if it was another male's
Go make it clear for myself:
Is this a correct sentence?
"Gutten spiser eplet ditt, ikke sitt."
(The boy is eating your apple, not his own.)