I have some questions about the definite forms.
My first question is about the singular definite forms. I read in "Tips and notes" that there are two different forms for some nouns, for example "jenten" and "jenta" (the girl). I wonder if this holds only for feminine nouns of if you can write "gutta" instead of "gutten" as well? By the way, is "jenten" pronounced "jenta" or does the pronunciation change with the spelling?
For the definite plural nouns, like "brev" (letter) for example, where you choose between "brevene" and breva" (the letters), do the two forms have the same pronunciation?
I would also like to know if there is any regional, stylistic or any other difference between the two forms! På førhånd takk :)!
"Gutta" is not official bokmål. It is used in some dialects, especially informally, to mean "the boys".
Both "jenta" and "jenten" are permitted in official bokmål. In bokmål you can choose whether you prefer a system with two genders (common and neuter) or three (masculine, feminine and neuter).
In the style we use in the course, which is the style used by most newspapers in bokmål we use the former except for a little more than 100 words, among them "jente", where it to most Norwegians would sound a little strange with "-en".
You can say it the way you write it.
The pronunciation differs between the two forms, both for “jenta/jenten” and “breva/brevene”. All of these forms are pronounced as they are written. “Jenten” is rare, at least in the spoken language, but is for example a feature of the Bergen dialect.
Both “breva” and “brevene” are permissible official forms, but are not equivalent with regard to style. I might write “breva” in a personal email, but would probably write “brevene” when writing on behalf of my employer. In the spoken language the difference is probably more dialectal than stylistic. I probably use both forms when speaking without any particular system.
As a foreigner learning Norwegian you could do worse than sticking consistently to “jenta” and “brevene”.