In English "many salts" or "a lot of salts" means many kinds of salt, i.e. kosher salt, table salt, sea salt, etc. Is this what "mange salter" means.
Yes, in the same way that if in a fish tank, there are two salmon, then there are two fish. However, if there is a salmon and a cod, then there are two fishes.
If you're talking about the number of fish, you would still say "fish" if you're talking about the number of types of fish you would say "fishes"
As far as I know, two fish is the correct English for both cases. Two fishes is common usage, but strictly speaking it's incorrect.
Yes, it could refer to the act of salting, but without context it's not implied that you're talking about food. They could be salting roads.
But in English it would be much more natural to say "much salt" rather than "many salts," which sounds very weird in English. Is there a reason why "much salt" is not accepted?
In Chemistry it sounds quite normal. E.g. "Seawater contains many salts besides NaCl".
That would be the translation for "mye salt". This sentence refers to salt in the countable sense.
mye salt = much salt
mange salter = many salts
what is more regular to use "mye salt" or "mange salt", i was attending to Norwegian course and what we learned there is: mange - for countable objects mye - uncountable objects like tid, sukker, salt ... is that correct?
What you learned regarding "countable" vs. "uncountable" is correct, "salt" was just not the best example of an uncountable object as it's not strictly uncountable.
"Salt" can fall into either the countable or the uncountable category, depending on the context. Whenever you're referring to the amount of one type of salt you'd use "mye salt", but if referring to several different types of salt you'd use "mange salter".
I typed in 'a lot of salts' and it was correct. Many is a bit archaic depending on context (nobody in English would say 'I have many salts here'. You'd say a lot.
I was somewhat confused, thinking that "some salt" would be the proper translation but Linn and others have addressed it for me right here :-)
is 'salter' referring only to edible salts, or can it also mean a mineral salt?
It's the same as in English - the word for both examples are the same, you'd just look to the rest of the conversation for context of which one it is.