"Do you believe that the value will increase or decrease?"
Translation:Tror du at verdien kommer til å øke eller minke?
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kommer til å = you're talking about something that is out of your control, e.g. the weather, the price of gold etc. It's very common in speech, because obviously lots of future events are out of our control!
skal = something that you have a firm plan or intention to do, that is within your control, e.g. going to the cinema, booking a holiday etc.
This is in Norwegian, and goes into more detail: http://grammatikk.com/pdf/Futurum.pdf
In that thread, the user anamorphism suggests that the difference is between things that will have a definite objective answer at some future time, and things that will always be subjective. So for this example, at future time T, whether the value has increased or decreased will no longer be a matter of opinion. Therefore use tro. That seems like a good rule of thumb for learners.
Before I read the other thread, my 2c was going to be:
If you say, in English, "I believe that X will happen", it seems to me to be a stronger claim than "I am of the opinion that X will happen". The latter sounds like you're hedging your bets a little, as you're allowing for the existence of other opinions. Maybe the difference between tro and synes is a little like that?
belief and opinion aren't really the same thing, but their use mostly as synonyms in english is why i stated those words are probably not very good at explaining the difference between 'å tro' and 'å synes' over in that other thread.
maybe the best way i can explain it here is that 'å tro' is used for predictions.
finnes det en gud? det tror jeg. does a god exist? i think so.
you might say that you are of the opinion that a god exists in english, but what you're really doing is making a prediction that a god exists. a prediction that could potentially be proven to be true or false one day.
the same thing is being done here. you are being asked to make a prediction on whether the value will increase or decrease. a prediction that can be proven to be true or false in the future. so, 'å tro' is used.
'å synes' is used for subjective matters ... things that can't really be proven. thoughts not about potential outcomes but about personal taste and preference. 'i think the food is delicious', 'i think purple is a nice color', etc...