We use einen when the accusative object is masculine (einen Apfel, for example, because Apfel is masculine).
Apfel is masculine, but "Zeitung" is feminine? How do we figure this out!? Or is "Apfel" masculine because in your example you used Einen?
No way to figure it out. You just have to learn the gender of the word together with the word itself. So don't learn apple as Apfel, learn it as der Apfel.
This is not true. Many times, the ending will give away the gender. For example, words ending in -ung are feminine.
Learn the words like a German would learn the words. For example, the word for newspaper is "die Zeitung" and not "Zeitung". Sometimes the gender of the word determines its meaning - der Band means "volume (book)" and die Band means "(rock) band".
Grammatical gender is mostly arbitrary and not a proxy for biological sex. Just internalize that now and your language learning experiences will be much easier.
That's easy! Nominative case is the subject and accusative is the direct object.
The object receiving the action is the accusative object. Eg; The boy hit the dog. Here, the boy (doing the action) is nominative object and the dog (receiving the action) is the accusative object
I found this on ielanguages.com. Wish I had had this year's ago. 1. Male persons or animals, the seasons, months, and days are all masculine, as are nouns ending in -ant, -ast, -ich, -ig, -ismus, -ling, -or and -us.
Female persons or animals, and numerals are all feminine, as are nouns ending in -a, -anz, -ei, -enz, -heit, -ie, -ik, -in, -keit, -schaft, -sion, -sis, -tät, -tion, -ung and -ur.
Young persons or animals, metals, chemical elements, letters of the alphabet, hotels, restaurants, cinemas, continents, countries and provinces are all neuter, as are nouns that end in -chen, -icht, -il, -it, -lein, -ma, -ment, -tel, -tum, and -um. Nouns referring to things that end in -al, -an, -ar, -ät, -ent, -ett, -ier, -iv, -o and -on, as well as most words with the prefix ge- and most nouns ending in -nis and -sal are also neuter.
Never. English uses a construct similar to this to express a progressive tense. German does not have such a tense.
True, in the sense that "a" and "an" mean the same thing in English.
You still have to learn when to use which form -- in German, it goes by grammatical gender while in English it goes by pronunciation.
"a hour, an unicorn" are simply wrong in English; similarly, eine Mädchen, ein Person are simply wrong in German.
How do we know if a verb is in the accusative case? The best guess I have, is that, when there's an article, the verb that comes before is nominative. Except in this case I could be wrong, since accusative or not, the conjugation is still "lese."
why we use 'lese' with 'ich' insted of singular form of reading which is 'lie'??
lie is not a word in German.
The verb “to read” is lesen, and it is conjugated like this:
- ich lese
- du liest
- er/sie/es liest
- wir lesen
- ihr lest
- sie/Sie lesen