"The day is hot."
Translation:La tago estas varma.
Yes! You can also say, for instance, "Pluvas" as a complete sentence for, "It is raining."
Yes, just remember to change the verb or adverb ending to "as" instead of "a"!
Depends what you mean by that. If you're trying to say "la tago varma" (without the verb), then it just means "the warm day" and it's not a complete sentence anymore.
On the other hand, with adjectives such as "varma", you can use the derived verbal form (varmi) and conjugate it to the present: "la tago varmas".
What's the difference between varma and varmegas? i think there was a third varm- word too?
- -ega- = modifies the word root, to mean "considerable, major, great" of the root.
eg1: if varma = warm, then varmega = hot
eg2: domo = house, domego = mansion (major-sized house)
-as is roughly equivalent to ending with -a and also using estas in the sentence.
varmeta for lukewarm? (-eta- = tiny, so varmeta = tiny warm)
dometo = cottage (tiny house)
Is there any difference between saying "La tago estas varma" and "La tago varmas"?
Can I say "la tago varmegas"? I did say "la tago varmas", but it feels like that would just indicate a warm day.