What OS do you have?
EDIT: Wait never mind, here's a link that can help with all OS's: http://en.esperanto.org.nz/how-to-learn-esperanto/how-to-type-esperanto-characters
Accented characters are written with an x if you can't type the character. For instance, ĉ -> cx, ĝ -> gx. I use these when I'm under Windows.
There is also software that will add 'Compose' key functionality if you type in Esperanto enough. That allows you to type something like Alt + Shift + 6 then g to get ĝx.
There are other keyboards you can install (if it's on your phone) , then give permissions in your keyboard settings, but I haven't done it. Kind of skeery to give another app permissions to my phone. I think one is called Anysoft Keyboard. Just google for Esperanto keyboards.
No, the verb "to be" is a helping verb, (like may, might, must, be, being, been, am, is, are, was, were, do, does, did, should, could, would, have, has, had, will, can, and shall) and because "patrino" is a complement to the subject using the helping verb, it's actually a predicate nominative, which doesn't take a "n".