"Yes, an apple."

Translation:Jes, pomo.

May 29, 2015



What is the difference between pomo and pomon?

May 29, 2015


Read the notes on the skill "Accusative":


In Esperanto, a special ending is required to show that a noun is the direct object of a statement. Let's look at the English sentence "A man kisses a woman." To show that a particular noun is a direct object (receives the action), always add an -n to the end of that noun or pronoun. Thus, the most usual translation of this sentence would be Viro kisas virinon. Another way of thinking of this is to ask who or what is receiving the action, in this case the woman virinon."

So apple is pomo. But if you say "I eat an apple", you would say "Mi manĝas pomon", with -N at the end, because it's the direct oject of that sentence.


But in this case it should be the accusative too, because outside of the context of the response "yes, an apple" it can be either "Chu li mangxas pomo" or "cxu gxi estas pomo?" It is ambiguous because it is not a comlete sentence.


But "Yes, an apple" is a complete sentence? I don't think the accusative has to do with things that is out of the sentence.

(There is the tricky case of some expressions where some part of a sentence are regarded as being omitted, as in "good night" actiually meaning ...whatever the example was, previously.. :) I'm a newbie, so take it with a grain of salt. But those cases are about something in the same sentence that are omitted, not something out of the sentence.)


Oh thank you, have a lingot.


My little little German knowledge makes me get confused between apple and potato.


pomo used to be a general name of fruits (yes potato was considered fruit)


In Esperanto “pomo" has always meant "apple". The general word for fruit is "frukto".


As a German person I am confused now. Where exactly do you see the connection between Apfel, pomo and Kartoffel? Maybe you're thinking of French where potato literally means "apple from earth"?


Presumably they were thinking of Erdapfel rather than Kartoffel.

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