"For de vet ikke hva de gjør."
Translation:For they do not know what they do.
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In this sentence 'for' means 'because'. The entire passage is what Jesus spoke on the cross about his tormentors right before he died--something like "forgive them for they know not what they do." Prayers and other old religious texts often retain older language forms, while the everyday language has dropped them.
Eli, Eli, Lama Sabachthani, or Eloi, as in other scrptures; the beauty of it being that each apostle wrote independently from each other and provided their own living experiences, so the difference between Eli and Eloi, but converging to the same Jesus, or Jeshua, as well. I understood very well what DUO wrote, and it was helpful in the sense that it showcased a very well-known and recognizable sentence, as in " Forgive them, Father, for they do not know what they are doing."
This would probably be less confusing to people not associated with the phrase if you directly translated it, since the original poetic text in English, "For they know not what they do," does apparently, translate directly into the Norwegian...the older poetic English style would also maybe tip people off to the fact that it's a reference to something in literature...maybe....?
It is not an exception, and I did not hear 'vyeh' in the recorded sentence. There are some significant variations in how things are pronounced in Norway, and it's possible that a dialectic version has a very long 'e' and/or dropped 't' that could sound kind of like you suggest. But I have never heard it said that way.