If I wanted to say "she drinks glassES of wine", would it be (1) Ŝi trinkas glasojn da vinoj OR (2) Ŝi trinkas glasojn da vino ??
I think (1) "Ŝi trinkas glasojn da vinoj" is wrong, since wine can't be pluralized nor affected by the number of glasses. Correct me if I'm wrong.
In this specific regard, Esperanto is similar to English.
"She drinks glasses of wines" sounds odd to me, as does "... glasojn da vinoj." You can get away with things like "NI havas la plej bonajn vinojn" -- and like in English, you can specify kinds of wine.
- Ili gustumas multajn specojn de vino.
There are no exceptions to your rule of thumb. Both da and de are prepositions. They are also what I call "ordinary prepositions" or "non-locative prepositions" and therefore will never be followed by an accusative.
The "-n" ending is added to the direct object. The verb "drink" in this case refers to "glass", and "wine" is merely a complement to the information.
-on is used
after a location preposition, while implying motion
en la domo - in the house
en la domon- into the house
Frome the Tips & Notes section:
Note: the direct object -n ending (accusative) is not used after da or de.
Shouldn't it be "Ŝi drinkas"? AFAIK, there is a distinction between "trinki" and "drinki" in Esperanto. "Drinki" refers to alcoholic beverages: e.g. "drinku ni po glaso...". Could experts clarify please?
In two years no expert (or advanced novice) has responded.
"Drinki" means "trinki tro da alkoholoajxo".
Unless you're drinking excessively, use "trinki".
I didn't know it. And what would it be the verb to use when talking about alcohol beverages?
When talking about alcohol.
- trinki - to drink in moderation.
- drinki - to drink to excess.
"Drinki" only applies to excessive consumption of alcohol. A glass of wine or two with dinner can hardly be called excessive.
Drinki = to booze it up
Hm, I thought that glaso means only glass as a substance, but not a vessel. It was a mistake, wasn't it?
Substance is "vitro".
- Glasoj ofte estas el vitro.
- Glasses are often made of glass.