https://www.duolingo.com/amuzulo

Esperanto keyboards: all systems go!

So, the biggest headache I'm seeing so far is being able to type Esperanto letters. Funny that when Zamenhof published his first book about Esperanto in 1887, he had no trouble typing his characters on his typewriter and couldn't imagine that technology would evolve to the point where it wouldn't be possible to type them easily.

Luckily, the New Zealand Esperanto Association has compiled a handy list of Esperanto keyboards for a wide variety of modern systems. Also note that even though Esperanto isn't available yet for mobile apps, you should still be able to access the course from your mobile browser!

Link: How to type Esperanto characters

Warning: The only modern system to my knowledge which can't type Esperanto characters is the Kindle Fire. If you've found a solution for that, please add it to the comments!

UPDATE: We now support the x-system in our course! It won't convert as you type, but you can submit a sentence with the x-system and if it will be marked correct, it will not be marked as a typo. YAY!

May 29, 2015

286 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Vanege

If you need type a lot of French (ex: you live in France) it is handy to switch to be Bépo keyboard. It may take some time to get used to, but you will have access to Esperanto keys.

May 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/balou67

Bépo is a dvorak-like keyboard aimed at french users which is to allow to type in any european language. (+Turkish). I didn't manage to use the greek characters though… but I'm not learning it in the years to come. I've been using bépo for a few years and have no problems typing French, Esperanto, English, Portuguese and German.

May 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/chaotic-gay

https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/goglobal/bb964665.aspx If you're willing to fiddle around a bit, you can edit the letters into your existing keyboard! (I added all the ^-accent letters under the ^ dead key, and ŭ under the ~ dead key on my modified version of US International :D)

May 30, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Allegiant4

I've used this in the past and I recommend it. The page says nothing about it being compatible with Windows 8/8.1 but I just used it on 8.1 and it appears to work as advertised. I just had to restart before it showed up in the list. Have some lingots!

May 31, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/gwilio

I also recommend it! I made my own customized layout so I can type in many languages easily. I used bépo layout for French as my template.

August 8, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/PonyDesu

I know an easier way to type Esperanto letters on Linux. I'm not sure whether it works for all Linux discributions, though.

Compose Key, Shift + ^ + s = ŝ

Compose Key, Shift + ^ + g = ĝ

Compose Key, Shift + ^ + j = ĵ

Compose Key, Shift + u + u = ŭ

May 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/lil.boxer

Yes, the compose key works on any linux distribution that has X windows. So, unless you have an embedded device, you will be able to use this option.

Somewhere in your window manager's settings will be the advanced keyboard options. From there the compose key can be set. Note there is a bug in the current kde window manager so the compose key can often become "unset" even though the settings show it as being configured.

Alternatively, and as a work-around for the kde bug I just mentioned, it can be set at the command line with something like the following: setxkbmap -option compose:rwin

I personally use the right side windows menu key since it has no other use and I find it easy to hit when typing at speed. It can be used for all different types of diacritics.

Here is a page that lists what is available and what key combinations will generate the symbol - it also has some screenshots of how to set it up: http://fsymbols.com/keyboard/linux/compose/

May 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/jcreed

Hopefully it is not too annoying if I plug again in this thread the (tiny, open-source) chrome extension I just wrote; it listens to key events anywhere on Duolingo and rewrites anything in text boxes according to the x-system, e.g. typing "cx" makes "ĉ". I was able to get Compose Key working in linux, but I find it rather unergonomic. Having used the x-system for a long time, it's kinda baked into my muscle memory at this point. The extension is at https://chrome.google.com/webstore/detail/anstatauxi/geffaabblpcfabmjdoipmfplglceofgj and the source is at https://github.com/jcreedcmu/anstatauxi if you want to run it unpacked.

May 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/CuriousAtanaa

Thanks for the excellent extension. Ĝi estas bonega! Mi donas lingotojn al vi.

By the way, you seem to imply above that it only works in Duolingo. I just tried a couple of other websites and it worked fine there for me - bonegega! (Yes, I know I'm probably not meant to use multiple 'eg's, couldn't quite resist though.)

Incidentally, I found it didn't work until I restarted Chrome. Maybe that was revstevelondon's issue?

June 9, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/jcreed

Yes, the above comment is out of date; I changed the code since then so that it (nominally) works on every site but you can turn it on or off by clicking on the little toolbar icon.

It still doesn't seem to work for me on facebook, though, not sure why :(

June 17, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Q-Allat

Dankon!

January 7, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/shawnmrill

Thank you! This works on a Google Chromebook! I had to close/re-open Chrome and have the International English keyboard selected to utilize the x-system for all 6 circumflex letters. And it works as easily as Tajpi does on my Windows 7 system. Thanks again!

June 9, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Pa11en

I could not get to work on my Chromebook. Also for some reason the extended international kb does not producec EO chrs or single quotes or double quotes.

August 2, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/jcreed

Bummer! Do you even get the little "ŭ" icon to appear in chrome when you add the extension? Does restarting chrome (does that entail restarting the whole chromebook on a chromebook?) help? Which site are you trying to use it on? Duolingo works reliably for me, but some places with more custom javascript magic in their input elements (like facebook) never seemed to work for me.

August 2, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/revstevelondon

I am not very tech oriented. I added the extension. How do I make it work? Thanks!

May 31, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/jcreed

Hmm. It should work automatically after you add it; there should be a little ŭ icon in the toolbar that shows whether it's enabled (black) or disabled (gray) which you can click to turn it on or off.

If it still isn't working for you, then I'm not 100% sure why, but I'm sorry; I just slapped it together in an afternoon or two. :(

May 31, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/jcreed

I guess you could try going to chrome://extensions and making sure that you see Anstataŭi in the list of installed extensions and making sure that the "enabled" checkbox is checked.

May 31, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/revstevelondon

now it works perfectly. Thank you. Much easier to type now.

June 1, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/jcreed

Oh! You're welcome. Not sure what the problem was, then, but I'm glad it's working!

June 1, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Vitor.lu

In my case I had to restart Chrome after installing the extension for it to work. Thank you very much!

June 4, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/jcreed

You're welcome! Seems that the ikso-sistemo is directly supported, now, though, just fyi.

June 4, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/jefusan

Thanks for the extension. It wŭrks perfectly.

June 16, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/jcreed

Hura! :) Every once in a while I forget to turn it off and accidentally type linŭ, but it seems handy other than that.

June 17, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Lucalingo07

thank you

June 9, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/TheKinglyWe

dankon! ĝi faras grandegan helpon!(it makes a huge help?!) lol thanks..

July 26, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/jcreed

Mi ĝojas ke ĝi funkcias por vi!

July 27, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/jarickc

Dankon

May 29, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/BenGubler

If anybody hasn't been able to get it to work, I made a new Chrome Extension here that's based on @jcreed 's brilliant idea, but should additionally work with most modern online text editors (that use contenteditable divs).

December 15, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Joseph_Winters

I'm using Ubuntu 14.04. There's an option to set up multiple keyboards, so I just added the Esperanto one to my system. Now if I press Super+Space, it switches between the Esperanto keyboard and the English one. [The Esperanto keyboard switches "q" for "ŝ", "w" for "ĝ", "y" for "ŭ", "[" for "ĵ", "]" for "ĥ", and "x" for "ĉ".]

For me, that's even easier, but again, I'm not sure how it works on other distributions, or other versions of Ubuntu.

June 7, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/blessedwhitney

Yet Another Way to Type Esperanto in Linux (apparently Esperanto uses love Linux). This is in ubuntu, and likely in all ubuntu-based systems and less likely (but still likely) in debian -- Just go to "text entry" then add an input source. By default, you'll just press "super+space" (super is the Windows key if you're new to Linux -- welcome) to switch keyboards.

Maybe I'm simple minded but the other ways here seemed really complicated to me -- and I work on linux servers for a living. Maybe my brain is just pooped outta linux at the end of the day?

June 16, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/breezecccp

Works with all distros running gnome.

May 27, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/hulten

Compose key is a good option. Advantages are that it works throughout the X Window System (X11), and that a lot of characters can be composed.

For more speed on typing the Esperanto letters on any X11 system, I'd recommend using xmodmap(1). Put this in ~/.xmodmaprc:

keycode 54 = C NoSymbol ccircumflex
keycode 42 = G NoSymbol gcircumflex
keycode 43 = H NoSymbol hcircumflex
keycode 44 = J NoSymbol jcircumflex
keycode 39 = S NoSymbol scircumflex
keycode 30 = U NoSymbol ubreve

After loading it (xmodmap ~/.xmodmaprc; probably done automatically in most desktop environments), you can type the letters by RightAlt-C for Ĉ, AltGr-u for ŭ and so on.

So xmodmap may be the automation tool junelac speaks about.

June 16, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/meshkini522

vi povas uzi esperanton ŝlosiltablon en linukso, nur adicu ĝin la ŝlosioj estas Ŝ--> -Q- ŝlosito en QWERTY ŝlosiltabloj Ĵ--> -W- ŝlosito en QWERTY ŝlosiltabloj Ĝ--> -Y- ŝlosito en QWERTY ŝlosiltabloj Ĉ--> -X- ŝlosito en QWERTY ŝlosiltabloj Ŭ--> -;- ŝlosito en QWERTY ŝlosiltabloj Ĥ--> -'- ŝlosito en QWERTY ŝlosiltabloj

November 20, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/xXBad_WolfXx

Tio ne estas malbona ideo! ;) Tro malbone, ke mi ne uzas Linux, cxu ne? haha

September 11, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/1178327003

Agreed, this is how I do esperanto characters on Linux. If anyone doesn't know how to set up the Compose key, see here: http://straightedgelinux.tk/unix/compose/?dir=unix

August 8, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/ebzzry

Thanks. I wrote a short English guide for Linux at https://ebzzry.io/en/eolinux/. This article shows both the use of the Mode_switch and Compose keys.

August 8, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/maxiboy2.0.-

thanks!

May 30, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/temrix

Just typing ^ + s = ŝ works well for me on Ubuntu (don’t know if this works on all distros). For ŭ I don’t know the combination as I use another keyboard layout. But I don’t know where the ^-key is on an English layout. Maybe it is easier to just switch to the Esperanto layout (if available).

June 4, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/4R91031C3R70

You can also go and buy a keyboard that has the keys

January 18, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/papercrane

Here's an Esperanto keyboard layout for MAC (based on the GERMAN keyboard layout) that I made for myself last year:

http://uptobox.com/6fj9v6b9uspq (Instructions in German are included!)

P.S.: I hope posting links to 1-click-hosters is allowed here. Please let me know if this is not the case!

EDIT: updated the link for the file

May 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/FredCapp

Or set your keyboard to US Extended. Latin6 is already there, all of the European characters, accents, everything. I can type in Norwegian, then open another file & type in Esperanto without having to fardle with anything.

June 2, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/papercrane

Going with the US Extended layout would indeed work well for people who are already used to typing on QWERTY. But I find working with the German layout far more comfortable, because, well, it's QWERTZ, which is what I use most of the time anyway. Plus, having to press two extra buttons to type characters (äöüß) that I already have designated buttons for seems a little silly, imho.

June 2, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/nudpiedo

This one is by far the best solution I found for the german qwertz keyboard on mac os x, especially because the files are just a zip to copy instead of crapware to install :)

thank you!

June 6, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/papercrane

You're welcome! I'm glad you're finding it useful. :)

June 6, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/jbsilva

"File not found". Could you please reupload?

April 19, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/papercrane

Hi! Sorry for not getting back to your request sooner. I've re-uploaded the file for you, if you still need it: http://uptobox.com/6fj9v6b9uspq

July 22, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/jbsilva

Thank you.

July 22, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/stpizz

My preferred solution for Mac is Iksoj from here: http://meeuw.org/osx/

It adds an Esperanto keyboard to the standard OSX language system which uses the x-system, that is, you just type cx and it magically changes to ĉ.

I prefer it to other systems because, if I'm on a machine without it installed, or forget to enable it, the worst that can happen is I end up using the x-system, which almost everyone understands anyway.

May 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/sesflankoj

Mirinda! Mi tre malŝatas Mac-n, sed mi devas uzi ĝin por mia laboro anstataŭ Linux. Ĉi tiu metodo funkscias belega! Daknon! Lingot!

April 11, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/jungerstein

Yes, I also find it useful. Yet its backspace key works in the "traditional" Mac way, which annoys me.

June 10, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/zagadka314

How do you figure the backspace should work?

September 23, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/Rykemasters

Being in Québec, I use the Canadian Multilingual Standard keyboard layout by default, and it easily allows me to type all letters with cirumflexes (ĉ, ŝ, ĵ, ĥ). I was actually really surprised by that given that accents are only on vowels in French, but apparently, since Esperanto was made part of Unicode, typing those letters is simple as long as you have a dedicated ^ key.

My only problem is the u with breve, which I can't easily type on my keyboard at all. I might look into modifying the keyboard layout slightly so that I have a convenient way to type it.

If only Zamenhof had been born slightly further away from Belarus, we might never have had that problem. I'm not entirely sure why the U with breve is as it is, either. I guess because each letter has to have only one sound, the short U had to be a separate letter from the usual U, and he wanted to avoid using letters that were common to other languages (hence not using û, which exists in French).

I find that v with a circumflex would probably have been simpler, and kept one single accent for all the accented letters in Esperanto while also not being used in any European language, but oh well.

January 24, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/tu.8zPhLD72zzoZN

I use that one also, but now I have found Holdkey which allows me to type Win 5 then u for ŭ: http://www.holdkey.eu/

October 28, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/Mokurai

I had to experiment with the Canadian Multilingual Standard keyboard. The consonants are fine. I have to type

Right control-shift-\ u

to get ŭ.

March 19, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/CreedeLambard

OK, so this is being added to an old and probably no longer active discussion, but I'm going to throw it out there anyway.

Kindle Fire can use a keyboard substitute called Messagease. It's a different kind of keyboard that only has nine keys and . . . well check it out at www.exideas.com to see how it works. I love it and any time I buy a new device, Messagease is one of the first apps that gets installed.

There are two ways to do Esperanto characters in Messagease. The first involves a compose key combination which I can never remember. The second is to load an Esperanto layout made by a Finnish Esperantist. It moves some of the less-used and not-used-in-Eo letters out of the way to make room for the hat letters. The 'q' and 'w' and friends are still there, just not where they are on an English layout. Loading the new layout is pretty easy and the instructions are right inside the app.

Now the bad news: Messagease isn't available in the Amazon App Store. To load it you have to enable Google Play Store. There are sites all over the Web that will show you have to do that, and if I remember correctly you don't need to root your Kindle Fire or do anything else that could potentially be problematic. Search for "lovemyfire google play" for one good set of instructions.

February 24, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Chuggy370

Go Kiwistan!

May 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/junelac

I would like to add that the easiest solution may be to use a macro or automation tool for binding any characters to any key on the keyboard. For example, i'm using autohotkey on windows, and when I type AltGr+c, ĉ is displayed, and when I type AltGr + Shift + C: Ĉ is displayed. You can of course configure the macros as you wish and switch between several set of macros (I have one for german and one for turkish also)

May 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/JohnD62

For those using iPads, the Logitech Bluetooth keyboards use the US-Extended set for Mac, so you can use the same keystrokes to get the Esperanto characters. [OPT]-6 c = ĉ, [OPT]-B u = ŭ, and so forth.

Post la fina venko, all keyboards will have the Esperanto characters standard! ;)

May 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/bajanisto

Yes, the Logitech Bluetooth keyboards for iPads are good. — I use MessagEase keyboard in my iPhone. It also works in the iPad as well.

July 25, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Ginguin

I have been using MessagEase on my Android phone for quite some time and was glad to see it supported these characters without any fiddling.

October 1, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/bajanisto

MessagEase is the best keyboard for Android and iOS which I know. :-)

October 2, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/bajanisto

Parenteze, bv. legi ankaŭ jenajn fadenojn ĉe lernu!-paĝaro:

October 2, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/GuyofM

Can anyone figure out how to type the breve on CMLS? The way documented in the link isn't working.

May 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Mokurai

Yes, I mentioned it in a comment above. On my keyboard, it is

Right control-shift-\ u

March 19, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/BullLockK

For anyone here who is on their iPhone in their browser like me, you can easily get an Esperanto keyboard. Just search it in the App Store, download the app, and then go to General>Settings>Keyboard>Keyboards>Add New Keyboard>(name of app) I chose to use an app called EoKlavaro and it works great

May 30, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/j0han0

I use Esperanta Klavaro by Viacheslav (Slava) Shklyaev from the App Store on iPad/iPhone. The custom keyboard layout, U.S. Esperanto, is my choice on Mac OSX (option c = ĉ). I don't find a link to it with google, so if anyone is interested, I'll post it for download.

May 31, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Abelardo366587

Thanks! This worked perfectly for me.

May 31, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/sheldolina

I can't seem to find a solution for my Microsoft Surface 2 tablet (which has Windows RT, and is my main device) :/ I've been using the buttons so far, but it would be a lot better if I could type the characters. Does anybody know of a way?

May 31, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/ebzzry

Hi! I wrote a short guide for Linux at http://ebzzry.github.io/eolinux.html. This article shows both the use of the Compose (Multi) key and another, faster way to input Esperanto characters.

April 18, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/Luke_5.1991

For those who use Mac OS, use this guide if you'd like to install special characters on the press and hold function.

May 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Nekoninda

I'm a Mac user, and I prefer a simple dead-key typing system, that uses the semi-colon to trigger the special characters. I like it, because it is very fast (pressing key-combinations really slows me down). It also doesn't require moving my fingers from the home row. It doesn't interfere AT ALL with typing in English. While using this Esperanto virtual keyboard, I can also use the standard Mac key combinations for typing in Spanish, French, or Portuguese, or many other languages, on my USA physical keyboard. I never need to switch virtual keyboard files for typing in English and Esperanto. If you use a physical keyboard similar to the USA version, consider giving it a try. It's a standard Mac OS X virtual keyboard file, so it doesn't add any strange executable program to the system.

A Mac virtual keyboard file of this type can be downloaded from Amerika Asocio de Instruistoj de Esperanto (AAIE) website. Note that the link below immediately begins the download. Unzip the download, and the ReadMe file will give basic installation instructions.

http://aaie.us/downloads/MacKeyboardLayout.zip

June 3, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Nekoninda

Stevenvarner, using the AAIE virtual Mac keyboard that I linked, it is very quick to type each of the Esperanto "hatted" letters. To get 'ĉ', I tap the semicolon key, and then the 'c' key. The same is true for all the letters, including the ŭ. First the semicolon, then the letter that needs the hat. It's a series of two independent keystrokes. There are several advantages to this: sequential keystrokes are much faster than key combinations. A competent typist needs less than 100 milliseconds to type two sequential characters. It's faster if one or both of the characters are in the home position, as the semicolon, and four of the six hatted letters are. In contrast, key combinations like <option-6> take much longer, frequently more than ten times as long as two sequential characters. Key combinations always require moving the fingers from the home positions, and usually require moving both hands. This takes extra time before you actually press the keys, and it takes extra time after pressing the key combination, to return to the normal typing position.

Key combinations produce a higher error rate, because they require precise timing that is asymmetrical to normal typing. In typing sequential keys, it doesn't matter if the rhythm is slightly irregular. As you know, with a key combination, one key must be pressed first, and held, while the second key is pressed, then both are released. Small variations in the timing can cause errors, and so will pressing the correct two keys with the right timing, but incorrect order. Many approaches to typing the "hatted" letters require a key combination followed by an additional letter, that is, they require both a key combination and a keystroke sequence. With US Extended, you have to press <option-6> followed by 'c' (or whatever letter).

Finally, you have to use two different two-handed key combinations for Esperanto, both <option-6> and <option-b>. This contrasts somewhat with the single-finger, single keystroke semicolon trigger.

If you are happy with your current typing system, there is no reason to change. But if you want a faster, simpler, more consistent typing system that keeps your hands in the home position, and produces fewer errors, then consider the semicolon virtual keyboard system that I linked above.

June 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/stevenvarner

Nekoninda, I'm not sure how you are using the semicolon. Is the link an Esperanto keyboard for Mac? How is this preferable to using the U. S. Extended keyboard with the option-6 and option-b key combos? I've found that their use is becoming second nature now.

June 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/FredCapp

I just set my Mac keyboard to US Extended (which has Latin6 pre-installed) & I have all of the E-o characters already mapped to the keyboard. <option> 6 & the root letter gives me ĉ ĝ ĥ ĵ ŝ & <option> v & u gives me ǔ.

For some reason the ǔ from my keyboard keeps getting read as a typo.

June 2, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Nekoninda

The diacritical mark over the 'u' in Esperanto is a gentle curve, called a 'breve'. It looks to me like you are getting a similar mark, but with a point at the bottom, named 'caron' (called háček in Czech). While this would be no problems for humans to read correctly, it is a different Unicode character, which the computer correction system sees as a typo.

June 3, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/FredCapp

You know, I've never noticed that. & putting the ˇ & ˘ right next to each other was just plain cruel to us of too much lifespan.

(Why I knew Steve Jobs when he was in Middle School! He was a sassy piece of work he was<old man voice>)

June 4, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Komponisto

I do the same thing. Use "<option> b" to get the breve.

June 4, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Razoner

It worked! To save other people from the trouble of manually adding these special Esperanto characters, they can download a copy of my Keyboard-en.plist file @ https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B50TnhMx_VOcc2VGWVNISFNuMFU/view?usp=sharing

This file is the same plain, regular file that is found in Mac OS X after installation, but with the Esperanto characters: ĉ, Ĉ, ŝ, Ŝ, ŭ, Ŭ, ĝ, Ĝ, ĵ, Ĵ, ĥ, and Ĥ added to it. I have tested it just now and it will work on EN-Qwerty, Colemak, and I think also Dvorak.

To add the file, temporarily disable System Integrity Protection, then use the Unix chmod command to add the needed permissions to the /System/Library/Input Methods/PressAndHold.app/Contents/Resources folder. Add this file and replace if needed the Keyboard-en.plist file. When done, save changes, shutdown and boot to the Recovery HD Partition to reenable System Integrity Protection. Reboot to OS X and the characters should appear when held down. Let me know of any difficulties adding the file. I will try to help you the best I can.

January 1, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/Razoner

That looks really neat! I'd try it but OS X El Capitan's System Integrity Protection feature prevents me from logging in as super user to change the file permissions and make the modifications to the file. :(

December 3, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/FredCapp

For English mac users:

-> System Preferences -> Keyboard -> Click Input Sources tab -> click '+' sign at the bottom left -> add the "ABC Extended".

Use that as your keyboard when typing Esperanto. The two accents are made using:

Option + b ---> ˘ (as in 'ŭ') Option + 6 ---> ˆ (a in ĉ, ŝ)

December 3, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Razoner

I appreciate your suggestion, but in my case it doesn't quite work as well because I don't use Qwerty. I switched to the colemak keyboard because it doubled my typing speed. I do have the Esperanto Qwerty keyboard, so what I can do is switch back and forth between the two keyboards to gain the best of both worlds. The switching can be a pain though. If only there were an Esperanto Colemak Keyboard. http://colemak.com

December 3, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/yvesnev

Esperanto is one of the "Colemak languages". I found this on the project website: ĉ, ĝ, ĥ, ĵ, ŝ: AltGr+[x] {letter} ŭ: AltGr+[b] [u]

December 3, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Razoner

I have fixed the problem. :) My Recovery HD Partition was updated, allowing me to temporarily disable System Integrity Protection so that I could add the characters to pressAndHold.app. See my other comment for a possible template for future Esperanto Macintosh users to use.

January 1, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/Another_Guy

Strangely enough the above does not include Tajpi (http://www.zz9pza.net/tajpi/en/) which is what I use on Windows. .

May 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/junelac

I've seen several messages saying tajpi is tagged by antiviruses

May 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Another_Guy

I can only say I never had that problem, but I installed a year ago. I did suggest someone email the developer. He is a nice friendly chap.

May 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Another_Guy

Just to add I have emailed the developer, though he might appreciate hearing from anyone who can give him more specific information.

May 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/JimDawdy

Yes, it's happened to me with AVG antivirus. The reason is that it "looks like" a keystroke logger to the antivirus program. Because, essentially, it IS a keystroke logger- it's checking to see if you execute a specific combination of keys (in my case, I hit the ; key followed by the letters g,j,s,c,or h). You can get around this by adding it as an exception.

May 30, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/XesEri

It's also pretty hard to remove once you've installed it. If you're not aware of how to close it (which does happen, since the settings menu is in esperanto) it doesn't stop running, and thus can't be removed.

May 31, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/RaizinM

There is a little American flag in the settings menu that changes the settings to English.

September 8, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/CNDragn

I installed Tajpi just last week and did not have any issues.. maybe whatever problems there were at one time with the file have been resolved by now.

May 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/niamhwitch

Yes, I've been getting antivirus warnings each time I've tried to download Tajpi (AVG antivirus)... however, I tried again yesterday (not changing anything with the antivirus program) and it worked. Yay!

I have it set for putting this "^" before certain letters makes the accented letter. It just made sense to me, and I hardly ever use that symbol anyway.

June 2, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Ian_Stephenson

I find tajpi excellent. Bypass your antivirus and install it! Just remember to turn it off when you're writing in English though :-).

May 30, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Another_Guy

You can change the settings to make it less of a pain if you forget to turn it off when you write in English. I have it set so that it does not turn sh into ŝ etc but I have kept the x system. You could even have it so you have to use the control key to get the hats, so that English typing is not affected. (For those not used to tajpi, turning it off/on is a simple as pressing CTRL + spacebar).

May 30, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Ian_Stephenson

Thanks for the advice - very helpful!

May 31, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/RC_BR

I have no trouble typing Esperanto characters, but I don't know whether it has to do with my operating system, Linux, or my language - Portuguese. So, here, for instance, I simply type "^" and then "c", and it becomes "ĉ". Except for: ŭ. lol

May 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/amuzulo

Can you also type ŭ without a problem?

May 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/sesflankoj

ALTGR+SHIFT+9 (release) u = ŭ

ALTGR+SHIFT+9 (release) SHIFT + U = Ŭ

May 31, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/RC_BR

Oops! now, that is a problem. :-(

May 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/TobiSowles

Ŭ is an odd key combo that I have to look up every time I want to type it. Alt-Gr, shift, and left paren (9) if you have international + dead keys.

I'm also on Linux, my keyboard is specifically US-Int'l with dead keys.

May 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/lazar.ljubenovic

Linux's international English keyboard is THE keyboard for typing all languages! :)

May 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/amuzulo

I prefer Colemak. ;) But yes, even that layout I modified to type Esperanto faster on my Mac.

May 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Mokurai

Linux's International Dvorak keyboard is also excellent.

March 19, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/lil.boxer

Look into the compose key ... the ŭ is simply (compose key, u, u again). I gave more details in a post a bit further up the page.

May 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/LaPingvino

On the Brazilian ABNT keyboard on Linux the dead ˘ is also available, I believe by memory on altgr+shift+°.

May 30, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/RC_BR

It doesn't work here. I'll try other combinations later on.

May 30, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/LaPingvino

mind, not the high o, the degree sign left on the bottom row.

May 30, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/peter.kristof.hu

Tajpi is a good one. AutoHotkey is the best (it's an universal program), I use it. After downloading the AutoHotkey software, you can use several scripts for the target language as you like it. The concept is to use the favourite keyboard layout. For example, here is a script for Esperanto (for Windows):

;suffix x
::cx::ĉ
:
:gx::ĝ
::hx::ĥ
:
:jx::ĵ
::sx::ŝ
:
:ux::ŭ

;CTRL hotkey (press simultaneously)
^c::ĉ
^g::ĝ
^h::ĥ
^j::ĵ
^s::ŝ
^u::ŭ

;Terminate
ESC::ExitApp

There are two options. Using x suffix or Control modifier.

May 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/IoannesServus

Hey, that's really cool! Thanks for commenting this. I'm using it already. I seem to be having a bit of trouble, though. I'm using the first script you mentioned. It seems I have to press the spacebar in order for "cx" to become "ĉ" (or any other "ĉapelajn literojn", for that matter). Is that normal?

May 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/ChYrantha

Use the following line of code at the beginning of your script file. #hotstring * ?

. * (asterisk) allows the hotstring to trigger without an ending character (ie space). ? (question mark) allows the hoststring to trigger even when it is inside another word.

May 30, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/peter.kristof.hu

Thanks

May 30, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/IoannesServus

Both this and Rattl's idea can be used to solve the problem. Thanks a lot! :D

May 30, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Rattl
  • 1845

To avoid that issue each one should instead be written in this format:

:*?:cx::ĉ

When you include the asterisk it causes the replacement character to be triggered regardless of whether or not you have an ending character like a space, full stop/period, or enter.

The question mark is included so that it is triggered even when the letter combination appears within a word.

May 30, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/peter.kristof.hu

You're right, thank you.

May 30, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/peter.kristof.hu

No, you need not to press the spacebar, but I also found that it works unsure (e.g. sometimes cx doesn't become ĉ), I don't know why, it depends on the preceding character or probably it is a timing problem. If I find out I inform you.

May 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/peter.kristof.hu

Yes, I originally typed an asterisk between the two colons, but disappeared (by the HTML converter) and I didn't see it. But Rattl found the best solution using :*?: .( AutoHotkey has a very complicated and funny syntax.)

May 30, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Rombot

When I try to put the above code into a Notepad document and save it, it tells me that some of the UNICODE letters will disappear upon saving (i.e. ĉ turns to c). Am I supposed to open it in something other than Notepad?

May 31, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/peter.kristof.hu

No, you can use Notepad. You should chose Unicode in the coding menu. But my original script is erroneous due to the lack of question marks and the HTML converter swallowed the asterisks. Here is the correct script:

#hotstring * ?

;suffix x
::cx::ĉ
::gx::ĝ
::hx::ĥ
::jx::ĵ
::sx::ŝ
::ux::ŭ

;CTRL hotkey (press simultaneously)
^c::ĉ
^g::ĝ
^h::ĥ
^j::ĵ
^s::ŝ
^u::ŭ

;Terminate
ESC::ExitApp

May 31, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Rombot

I'm sorry if this is a stupid question, but I just can't seem to get it to work. What is the unicode for the letters (if that's how it works)?

June 1, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/peter.kristof.hu
  • Download and install AutoHotkey software, if necessary
  • Copy-paste my script above into Notepad with Unicode (or UTF-8) encoding and with "ahk" extension, e.g. Esperanto.ahk
  • Double click to run the script
  • Test it. You can exit by ESC
    I hope it will work :)
June 1, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Rombot

Oh, I'm such a dummy, I didn't see the option to save using UTF-8... Thanks a lot Peter!

June 1, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Butono14

Mi ankaŭ usas ĉi tion... Mi amas ĝin! Dankon.

June 15, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/IoannesServus

You downloaded the program, right? All you have to do is copy and paste this onto a notepad...

#hotstring * ?

;suffix x
::cx::ĉ
::gx::ĝ
::hx::ĥ
::jx::ĵ
::sx::ŝ
::ux::ŭ

...and then, you save it as a .ahk file. After that, you just have to double-click on the file to activate it.

And that's all there is to it! Just remember to activate it whenever you turn on your computer. I guess you could also add a shortcut of the file to your Startup folder so that it automatically activates whenever you turn it on, instead.

June 1, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/CloudeAytr

Ctrl is a bad hotkey to use as it already has a lot of shortcuts linked to it like Copy and Save. I've chosen to use the Alt key in my AHK script.

!c::ĉ; !g::ĝ ; !h::ĥ ; !j::ĵ ; !s::ŝ ; !u::ŭ

June 13, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/peter.kristof.hu

I agree. Actually, somebody doesn't use the AutoHotkey system for other purpose (e.g. for French accents), Tajpi is the best choice.

June 13, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/CloudeAytr

I've incorporated all Esperanto, German, French, and Spanish special characters into my AHK script. It's a brilliant piece of software!!

June 13, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/wolfeyes3

Thanks for the information. I'm gonna use Tajpi. Mi skribas tion por montri ke funkcias: Mi skribas ĉar mi volas, mi skribas ĝin. Çu vi havas ĥorloĵon?. Ŝia nomo estas Laura. Mi ankaŭ ŝatas helpi. The only default is that every moment I leave the system to type "normally" the system goes away and I need to download it again for the next time (but it's not complicate). P.D: I don't know if I typed correctly "horlojon" but I wanted to prove the system.

August 17, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Ujose

Hello. Thanks for your advise. I am planning to start to learn Esperanto sometime in the future. And this will be very helpful. If I wanted to do the same with Chinese pinyin, how could I do it? I would need these kind of instructions to write these characters: ǎěǒǔǐ, āēōūī I can already write á à and the same letters with other vowels.

February 22, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/rahgots

On linux an esperanto keyboard is available right from the beginning .

May 30, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Pudingego

Using the "Gnome" desktop environment, one can use the right-alt button as a modifier key to type ŝŭperŝiĝned characters. Just make sure that gnome-tweak-tool is installed and enable the Esperanto setting in the Typing menu.

Doing it this way one doesn't even need to change away from their standard keyboard layout. Just press the right alt button when you want a character to have a hat!

One might need to install an Esperanto language pack first though. Mi ne memoras!

July 13, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Pudingego

Ah! I forgot to say that you ALSO have to go into the Settings menu, go to keyboard, click on the shortcuts tab, click on the Typing sub-tab, then click on the right side of the Alternative Characters Key selection and choose Right Alt, or whatever button you want to use.

The package you need to install is PROBABLY: language-pack-gnome-eo To look for more esperanto packages, use your package manager or open a terminal and type: apt search esperanto One of them will do it!

October 27, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Razoner

It depends on the distro though...

December 3, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/TimothyChenAllen
<h1>actually :-)</h1>
September 25, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/je_bailey

I should add that the Google keyboard for android devices has Esperanto as a supported language.

May 30, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/XanderLeaDaren

What about the h-system, which is officially considered an alternative by Zamenhof himself in the “Fundamento de Esperanto”? Seems to me that the x-system is just an old 20th century- way of saying “Well, we know the technology isn’t efficient enough, but some day, we’ll be able to replace these x by accentuated letters”… Nowadays, I think Esperanto words are to be written with ĉ ĝ ĥ ĵ ŝ ŭ, but ch gh hh jh sh u should be the only alternative, instead of this x-nonsense… Ĉu ne?

May 30, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/zmjb

Nonsense?, ;-)
It a personal preference, but i prefer x system because X is not in the esperanto alphabet.

May 31, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/sesflankoj

As a compromise to the founding principle that no letter will ever changes its pronunciation based on its neighbors, the 'h' and 'x' systems both have their pros and cons. 'h' seems more natural to pronounce as you're reading it, but suffers from 'h' also being used in other contexts within the language. 'x' is unused, and therefore dis-ambiguous. In my limited experience, I've only ever seen the x-system "in the wild", probably for its clarity within the language. I honestly think you will not see widespread use of the h-system outside of the early 1900s. :)

June 3, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Nekoninda

You can find messages using the h-system posted every day on Facebook and other online discussion sites. It may not be as common as the true Esperanto letters or the x-system, but it is still widely used. It's used more today than it was 100 years ago.

June 3, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/sandro_4

You can buy even Esperanto/German dictionaries where the Esperanto words are spelt in the h-system: http://www.amazon.de/dp/3864681375 (paperback) http://www.amazon.com/dp/B00FDTTW3E (Kindle e-book). Also this book on official Esperanto words is in the h-system: http://www.amazon.com/dp/B00R3IW53W .

June 3, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/sandro_4

The h-system is usually not tought to beginners early enough. Here a pleasant "exception" - even not in a training course but introducing lecture on how Esperanto works: http://egu.akueck.de/?q=eo_albumo#muzeoj2015 .

May 31, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/sesflankoj

That's pretty interesting! Thanks for the link! I've not seen the h-system used let alone taught.

June 3, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/sandro_4

The h-system is part of the common sense; and the latter will not become accepted: Why simple when it can be so complicated?

May 30, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/GiovanniES

For anyone on (K)ubuntu in an Spanish keyboard layout, like me, you can type all the special letters as a simple accented character without using any special configuration: «Shift+`» («^») and then «g», «h», etc. The only difficult one is the «˘» accent, which is obtained with «AltGr+Shift+ç» and then «u» or «U»: ŭ Ŭ

May 30, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/adromu

I have linux mint + KDE 4.8.5 + spanish keyboard, but probably it works in other systems:

go to system settings → hardware → input devices → Keyboard → avanced

Mark 'Adding Esperanto circumflexes' → mark 'To the corresponding key in a qwerty keyboard' → Apply **

then: Alt gr + u → ŭ etc.

** If you don't have this options probably you need to go to Locale → System Languages and install Esperanto.

June 2, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/LimeGreenTeknii

On my English international keyboard on Windows, I can type everything except for ŭ. Can somebody help?

June 3, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/yvesnev

Thanks, Chuck! I added this link to http://komputeko.net/index_en.php Mi iam poste ankaŭ poluros la esperantlingvan artikolon pri tiu temo en la Komputeko-retejo; endas.

June 3, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Nekoninda

Ironies abound. I think it is very unlikely that Zamenhof was using a typewriter in 1887, since typewriters of that day were slow, primitive, in very limited use. People around the world wrote with pen or pencil, and diacritical marks presented no impediment. Typesetting for books and newspapers also didn't have a problem adding the needed diacriticals. Later, when typewriters became more useful and widely used, those manufactured in Europe allowed easy typing of all the letters needed for Esperanto.

Diacritical marks became a significant problem only when computers came into widespread use, dominated by companies with no interest or respect for any language/culture other than English.

June 3, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/difbobatl

Actually that's not true! Zamenhof invented the daisy wheel! He patented a typewriter that could use changeable heads to type different scripts on Dec 16, 1891.

June 4, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Nekoninda

Your link didn't work for me, but I am interested in the reference. There is still a distinction to be made between filing a patent in 1891 and using a typewriter in 1887, and earlier years when Zamenhof was developing Esperanto. I would love to know when he first began using a typewriter regularly, and how that typewriter handled supersigns.

June 4, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/difbobatl

I'm assuming that he backspaced and added the ^ - which was, and still is, the standard method if one isn't on a computer.

June 4, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Nekoninda

Au contraire. The need to backspace is another artifact of English hegemony. Many European typewriters were built in a way that did not advance the carriage after typing a symbol often used as a super-sign. Did Zamenhof's first typewriter have this feature? I don't have any idea, but I would love to know this and other details about the typewriters that he used.

June 4, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/difbobatl

Aha! I suspect you are right.

June 4, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/CelioFM

I didn´t know personally Zamenhof, but now I remember. All mechanical typewriters had adopted this system: First enter the accent and then the letter to be accented. Thus, one could accentuate any letter with any accent, using respectively, before the letters, the corresponding accent: circumflex, acute, grave, tilde, grave+acute, or quotes. The latter accent was used before u to produce ü. The penultimate was obtained by typing successively grave accent + acute accent + u to produce ŭ . ^c produced ĉ, ^g produced ĝ, ^h produced ĥ, etc. The extinction of typewriters, and its replacement by computers, is what has given rise to the problem. This can be confirmed by means of mechanical typewriters that still survive in museums or deposits.

June 2, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/sesflankoj

Do you have a reference to share?

June 4, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/difbobatl

https://books.google.com/books?id=ZRdOAAAAYAAJ=PA33=Y5hz91PR9w=16%20dez%201891%20samenhof=PA33#v=onepage=16%20dez%201891%20samenhof=false

Note: it was the German Imperial Patent Office, so they used the german form of his name Samenhof.

June 4, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/amuzulo

That link didn't work for me :( and I'm really curious about this... I once almost wrote a book about keyboard layouts!

June 9, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/difbobatl

For some reason Duo doesn't seem to like google book links. See if this works: https://play.google.com/books/reader?id=ZRdOAAAAYAAJ It is on page 33, patent #65797 IF that link doesn't work either, you can search "Verzeichnis der von dem Kaiserlichen Patentamt in der Zeit vom ... ertheilten Patente"

June 9, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Nekoninda

Thanks. The link carries a date for the patent that is one day after Zamenhof's 32nd birthday.

June 4, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/RomajiAmulo

Ok... The windows keybord options are horribly out of date

June 9, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/ElisabethJuliana

Don't have time to read through all comments. Am going to use http://esperanto.typeit.org/ until I get tired of going back and forth between screens. typeit.org (free) supplies about 25 keyboards on their site. http://www.typeit.org/about.htm describes supported browsers, etc.

June 23, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/bajanisto

Saluton! — Mi tajpas per MessagEase-klavaro en iOS kaj en Android , bv. vidi ĉe
http://www.exideas.com/ME/index.php
MessagEase Fundamentals — YouTube

iOS (iOS 8.1 aŭ pli nova) :
https://itunes.apple.com/app/messagease-keyboard/id990325092

Android (Android 2.2 aŭ pli nova):
https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.exideas.mekb=en
  + http://www.exideas.com/ME/keyboardsOnline.html

P.S. — Bonvolu vidi ankaŭ la fadenon: Esperanto keyboard on Apple products!

June 25, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/aksfhas

iOS Esperanto keyboard -Esperanta Klavaro by Viacheslav Shklyaev https://appsto.re/md/9Fzd5.i

January 24, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/bajanisto

Yes, I have Esperanta Klavaro by Viacheslav Shklyaev, but I use the MessagEase Keyboard.

February 7, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/OptimusFish

For mac users:

-> System Preferences -> Keyboard -> Click Input Sources tab -> click '+' sign at the bottom left -> add the "ABC Extended".

Use that as your keyboard when typing esperanto. The two accents are made using:

Option + b ---> ˘ (as in 'ŭ') Option + 6 ---> ˆ (a in ĉ, ŝ)

November 9, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Conchuir

I'm on Linux Mint Cinnamon, if you go to Keyboard > Layouts tab > Options... > 'Adding Esperanto Supersigned Letters' and choose your keyboard layout (Qwerty,Dvorak or Colemak) you can then simply use the right Alt key (Alt Gr) with a letter to add the Esperanto diacritic marks: ĉĝĥĵŝŭ

Whether this option is specific to the Cinnamon DE I am not sure; it's worth a try if your on a Linux distro though as it seems the easiest option (to me at any rate). Hope this helps!

November 15, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/RadioboyDuo

I need it in Windows 10 and Windows Phone.

December 9, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/IsaacLaws1

Yay! Esperanta Klavaro successfully downloaded from iTunes App Store, and then I followed the simple directons to add that keyboard! No more typos!

May 5, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/bajanisto

Se vi uzas Makintoŝon, vi povas fari propran klavarfasonon pere de Ukelele (Mac OS X Keyboard Layout Editor).

Jen mia propono:

  • ,s → ŝ
  • ,d → ĉ (aŭ ,c → ĉ)
  • ,f → ŭ (aŭ ,u → ŭ)
  • ,g → ĝ
  • ,h → ĥ (aŭ ,x → ĥ)
  • ,j → ĵ
  • ,,→ (x,y)
  • , spaco → (x, y)
    NB: komo (,) funkcias kiel senpaŝa/morta klavo, kaj kompreneble kiel komo.

Vortoj: Makintoŝo (Macintosh), propra (own, personal), klavarfasono/klavararanĝo (keyboard layout) per de (by means of), jen (here is), propono (suggestion), senpaŝa/morta klavo (dead key), komo (comma).

May 7, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/Tracy906994

For anyone using Windows 10, I found an open source software WinCompose that looks like it does for Windows what the Linix users have (right alt, ^, c for ĉ). I downloaded from here: https://github.com/samhocevar/wincompose. It also has more than 2200 sequences for all sorts of international characters and general symbols like ⓒ.

May 30, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/pablussky

Thanks a lot!

January 15, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/LaderonAsh

in Windows you can add the French (Canada) layout instead of Esperanto and to get symbols like ĥ, ŝ, ĝ, you can press the first key to the right of P and then c/g/h/j/s for ĉ/ĝ/ĥ/ĵ/ŝ, and press (at the same time as the right Ctrl key and right Alt key) the third key to the right of L and then press u for ŭ. Note that keyboards vary. On a US keyboard that key is the 3rd to the right of P.

August 18, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/bajanisto

Se vi uzas en via Android-aparato SwiftKey-klavaron, vi povas ekde nun tajpi (kaj ŝovumi) ankaŭ en Esperanto. Vidu ĉe Google Play.
• Hejmpaĝo de SwiftKey: https://swiftkey.com/en

Miamemore, la saĝtelefono "Doro" uzas SwiftKey-klavaron.

September 24, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/Moltrev

sx

September 25, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/IamJustintime

me too

January 24, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Nullbrains

I have created a browser plugin to automatically switch between keyboard layouts on duolingo. It also has an Esperanto keyboard layout. This layout is basically a qwerty but with the accented characters on keys that aren't used in Esperanto. (Q W X Y [ ] ).

The plugin can show you an optional layout of the keyboard but that can also be turned of once you memorized it.

Chrome: https://chrome.google.com/webstore/detail/duokeyboard/dekooljcgfaiokofbciaflklkfniimfa

Firefox: https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/duokeyboard/

Opera: https://addons.opera.com/en/extensions/details/duokeyboard/

Hopefully some of you find it useful

October 20, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/StephieRice

Should we report any sentences that still count as a "typo" then for using the x-system? Because I see it very often, for instance every time I type "Cxu" it counts as a typo.

May 27, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Wes886420

It still counts it as a typo when you use "cx."

September 25, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/clh335763

Is this for a particular question or do you experience this throughout the course? Either way report it as an error. (Although if it is the latter...)

October 30, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Amkennon

I use the swiftkey keyboard app in my phone and it has an Esperanto keyboard you can download

December 11, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/iron_bun

Ubuntu Linux lxkeymap GB(extd) keyboard layout has altgr+6+<letter> for Ĉ, ĥ, etc. altgr+~+u will do ŭ. Just for interest altgr+@+u makes ǔ which is not the same.

May 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/LaPingvino

same for US extended on Mac, for those who would be interested, except ŭ uses altgr+b for the ˘.

May 30, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/FredCapp

I just type <option> v + u and get ǔ. If I just type the <opt> v I get ˇ .

June 2, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/stevenvarner

FredCapp, to get the correct breve symbol used in Esperanto, use <opt> b instead of <opt> v. The v symbol is the caron (ˇ), not the breve (˘). <opt>-b-u = ŭ.

June 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/FredCapp

Yeah, someone else explained that to me. It took me looking at the two characters at 76 points before I could really see any difference, but the system apparently sees it too well.

Kordankon.

June 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/pwn_

"Also note that while we would love to support the x-system, this is not currently possible due to technical complications."

Oh oops. I marked something as a mistake because it told me the x-method was wrong before reading this. Now I feel bad for wasting somebody's time.

May 29, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/amuzulo

Don't worry, it only wasted about 15 seconds of my time, no biggie. ;)

May 30, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/LaPingvino

The Kindle Fire is an Android-based system, so AnySoftKeyboard should work on that, unless their keyboard-support is very un-androidy...

May 30, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/SydneyAndrews

This is probably an obscure option, but I have an old Konyin keyboard, which is a physical keyboard designed for multilingual use.

To the best of my knowledge, the product line seems to be defunct (although I hope I'm wrong), so if you track down one of the keyboards, be sure you can get your hands on the software to make it work in Windows. I lost my installation disk a while back, so I can only use the keyboard on the laptop I'm using to type this.

Here are a few characters it produces: ŝ ĝ ĵ ǔ

May 30, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Mr.Knight

Note: Mac Users can also edit their keyboard press-trays manually to add the Esperanto's unique, non-Roman characters. It's a tricky process, and I recommend EXTREME caution in doing so--but it worked for me. Here's a link to the tutorial: http://apple.stackexchange.com/questions/20505/how-to-add-characters-to-the-press-and-hold-character-picker-in-os-x-lion

May 30, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Dumoc

I made an Esperanto keyboard in which you can type both English and Esperanto with. It's based off the UK keyboard, but some symbols on the UK keyboard can't be typed, but that's what switching from keyboard to keyboard is for :)

Here is the download: http://www.filedropper.com/esperantokeyboard_1

If you have any questions, please ask me :)

May 30, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/bookrabbit

Why does my poor kindle always get left out?

May 31, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/sesflankoj

You may be able to install the Google Keyboard from the Amazon store. If so, they offer an Esperanto language for it. A small world globe key sits next to the space bar, which you can push to switch between languages. It's really useful. Good luck!

June 3, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/JohnJuanGiovanni

Does anyone no of a free Esperanto on-screen keyboard for Windows/Mac?

June 1, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/tu.8zPhLD72zzoZN

http://esperanto.typeit.org/

I also like the Canadian Multilingual Keyboard available through Windows.

December 3, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Kliphph

Mia portebla komputilo (laptop) jam enhavas ENG CMS (English Canadian Multilingual Standard) kaj FRA CMS (French CMS) klavaron.

This came by default with a Canadian laptop with Windows, and requires only pressing the "[{" key next to the "P" key plus e,u,i,o,s,g,h or c to make ê,û,î,ô,â,ŝ,ĝ,ĥ, or ĉ. I assume, like any other language packs, it can be added alongside any other packs in Windows (I have Russian, Polish and Spanish also installed, and they all can be toggled between with ease).

August 24, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/bajanisto

Ĉi tiu paĝo povas esti iam la bona alternativo ĉe fremda komputilo. — Dankon pro la ligilo! :-)

April 24, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/Mr.Knight

You should be able to enable the Esperanto keyboard with the on-screen keyboard right from Mac. Check the Settings>Keyboard>Input. My system's OS language has been Esperanto for months (my iPad, too; it doesn't change much, but sometimes I remember the date is displayed in Eo :D).

June 1, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/JohnJuanGiovanni

Thanks! Here's a lingot!

February 4, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/dMenche

It seems the only esperanto keyboard that will run on iOS versions prior to 8 is the one that inconveniently requires copy-pasting the text to where you want it.

June 1, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/FredCapp

No, I was using my old mac 7 (whatever silly name they gave it) to type in Esperanto. I just went to the settings told the keyboard to us the US Extended. Instant Latin6 characters. I have done that with every computer I've had since.

It helped that I personally knew some of the top brass at Apple & I told them what I wanted. Steve Jobs apparently sent the word down himself to include a Latin6 keyboard option sometime back in the 1980's. He wanted everybody to be able to use his machines.

June 2, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/amuzulo

You're right, iOS 8 was the first version of Apple's mobile operating system to support third-party keyboards.

June 9, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/aksfhas

There is a new keyboard for iOS -Esperanta Klavaro by Viacheslav Shklyaev https://appsto.re/md/9Fzd5.i

January 24, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/bajanisto

…and a non-QWERTY MessagEase keyboard.

May 7, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/AndreasGogstad

I've made a setup for Norwegian keyboards with Esperanto keys, accessible with AltGr, using the MS Keyboard Layout toolkit. You will get an extra keyboard icon on the language bar for switching between regular Norwegian and Nor+Esp. Both the layout and the application for creating new layouts are included: https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/22972712/NorEsperantoLayout.zip

June 2, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/difbobatl

Actually Zamenhof already solved that problem by allowing "h" after a letter instead of the "hat". Duo does take that (at least 95% of the time), though it does mark it as a typo...

June 4, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/sesflankoj

Duolingo supports the x-system (just recently) and the diacritic letters. It doesn't support the h-system due to implementation difficulties. Reference Discussion: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/8935629

June 4, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/pecxjo

from the post from amuzulo: "Also note that even though Esperanto isn't available yet for mobile apps, you should still be able to access the course from your mobile browser!"

Thanks for making that clear. I've been working through the course at times on the bus, using my smartphone with Firefox OS which uses (naturally) the Firefox mobile browser. So far it has worked very well.

Personally, I think that the trend toward OS-specific mobile apps is not healthy for an open, vendor-neutral Web. I'm glad that Duolingo is maintaining a smooth-functioning browser interface for mobile devices. It would be even better if they state that clearly in the Mobile section in the website.

June 9, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Xanderificus

Found this for Ŭindoŭ (oops, Windows) users: https://sites.google.com/site/windowskeyboards/Home

Download and install the program and then go into your Control Panel for your keyboard options. This installed Esperanto as "English (Caribbean)" and gives me all the keys. The linked page also shows you how the keys are mapped and the installation folder contains the same graphic for later reference.
Default setting to swap back and forth is "Shift+LeftAlt".

June 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/consultjohan

Thank you! This is working great for me.

qwertyuiop[] maps to
ŝŭertĵuiopĝĥ

<pre>q ŝ Q Ŝ w ŭ W Ŭ [ ĝ [ Ĝ ] ĥ ] Ĥ x ĉ X Ĉ </pre>

I just downloaded, unzipped and ran setup.exe

June 26, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/tu.8zPhLD72zzoZN

It says for Windows XP and Vista, but I have Windows 7. Would it work for me?

December 4, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/PetrDiblik

It works even in Win 8.1.

May 4, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/tu.8zPhLD72zzoZN

I downloaded it, but it tells me that I need to buy Winrar.

May 4, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/PetrDiblik

Strange. The unzip integrated in Windows should be enough for unpacking.

May 5, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/Pa11en

Repost from Beny Lois Weekly Language Newsletter #57: Online Keyboard [Lexilogos] - This really handy tool lets you select the target language, and then you simply type as normal into the field and see all the letters come up in the foreign script. Useful if you want to write something quickly, without having to worry about changing your keyboard settings. http://www.lexilogos.com/clavier/esperanto.htm

August 15, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Zovski

I know an Android app which is called MultiLing keyboard can choose an Esperanto keyboard. I downloaded a long time ago. I don't know if it's available now.

August 22, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/zekecoma

I just modified the US international keyboard and made it support the ŝ, ĵ, etc.

August 24, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Pa11en

What OS and how?

August 24, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/zekecoma

I'm on Windows 10.

August 24, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/zekecoma

This should work on XP, Vista, 7, 8, 8.1, and 10. http://www.mediafire.com/download/1xa3jv1mvjrunj9/esper.zip

August 24, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/ArioSana

On Windows, I copy the ek.exe's files into any folder. But this way it not runs in Microsoft's programs lke Winword or Internet Explorer. Only for a full unicode supported programs like firefox, notepad++ or Openoffice. On Android I use Multiling app. On linux I use the native ^-key and for ŭ [altgr]+[shift]+[|], but I change ˘-key and ¨-key in ~/.Xmodmap file, because we don't have diaeresis in may languange.

September 18, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/pc7wiz

I have a LG G3, is there any way to get the Esperanto keyboard, running android 4.5 kitkat.

October 13, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/bajanisto

Try

October 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/owenhayes17

Hi! I don't know if this will help anyone else, but I just created a very simple way to type Esperanto characters on a Mac with a custom keyboard I made. (Download it here:) http://bit.ly/1LYP4gK

It uses a dead-key system, with the semi colon key being the dead key. (Ex: press ";" then "c" to get ĉ) Hope this helps to anyone else like me who's using a Mac to learn Esperanto on Duolingo! :)

October 18, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/EmmettLukas

Don't know if this has been mentioned already, but Google Keyboard now supports an Esperanto keyboard, for free.

December 13, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/bajanisto
December 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/NPipitone

I use my right alt key for the ĉapeloj. Just pop https://goo.gl/6GGJGp into your documents folder an run the hotkey program. It works quite well for me, and you can map it to a more ergonomic key if you want by opening that .ahk file and using any of https://autohotkey.com/docs/KeyList.htm.

December 30, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/aksfhas

On the IOS you can download the "Klavaro" applicication- is a esperanto keyboard,very good ,without adds. Esperanta Klavaro by Viacheslav Shklyaev https://appsto.re/md/9Fzd5.i

January 24, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/javisnavi

I was using Chrome and tried the character map shortcuts but they did not work. I installed the extension from JCREED link below and Yessssss!!!!!! It works! :) You might have to close and reopen Chrome for this to work. Thanks again jcreed!

January 29, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/LividLivius

I use Wikimedia Input Tools on Google Chrome. Just click the language and convention you want to use and bam, s+x=ŝ.

March 30, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/takeonene

Bonan tagon!

May 10, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/-BellaLuna-

Yay! I'm so glad I found this!

May 22, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/jungerstein

For Mac OS X users, I have adapted GNOME's Esperanto keyboard, and make it available at https://github.com/jungerstein/esperanto-komputilo/tree/master/klavarfasonoj/osx/esperanto-cf.bundle

For details, please look at my post at https://www.duolingo.com/comment/9871093

June 10, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/tu.8zPhLD72zzoZN

http://superuser.com/questions/945082/type-%C5%AD-u-with-breve-on-canadian-multilingual-standard You can type a ŭ by pressing Ctrl+Shift+ backslash (third key to right of P), releasing, and then pressing u.

I have been using the Canadian Multilingual Standard Keyboard layout for typing Esperanto, but the instructions that the New Zealand Esperanto Association had were incomplete for ŭ. Finally, I can type ŭ !

June 30, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/Lex_Liu

I know how to type Esperanto special characters. Choose ABC-Extended in the Keyboard Preferences; Key: press option+6, release, and type c,g,s,j, you will see ĉ,ĝ,ŝ,ĵ. To type ŭ, press option+b, release, and type u, you will see ŭ. (To type other languages' charaters has the same way. You can show the keyboard viewer, press option, then you will see some orange keys.)

July 21, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/LaderonAsh

Google keyboard (android) supports Esperanto both regular and handwriting inputs

August 17, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/Zevlag13

In order to write the characters ĈĜĤĴŜŬ, the best way to do it in PC is using Tajpi. You can choose the method you want to type them, for instance, I use the Alt-Gr methot, so I hold Alt-Gr while writing CGHJSU, and I type ĈĜĤĴŜŬ, respectively. I like that method since I can't type an Esperanto character accidentally, for instance, with the x-system, if I want to write "auxiliar", I'd type an ŭ accidentally, so the Alt-Gr method is better for me. For Android devices, the Google Keyboard supports Esperanto characters.

September 3, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/JOAT2B

Admittedly not having read all the comments, there is an app for iPhone [and possibly Android, but IDK] called Klavaro. It works just like any other keyboard you can get on your phone and works well with Duolingo also.

September 9, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/frozenjim

The X-System helps a lot and it intuitive to type.

It is now the 21st century - no language should have accented characters; they don't work any more. I currently have to use a French/English keyboard and now I cannot type Esperanto.

Time to upgrade the languages people!

September 11, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/yvesnev

You could just use Tajpi.

September 11, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/frozenjim

No, writing a program for every possible device on the planet is not an efficient solution. I use a BlackBerry - no Tajpi. I am pretty content using the X-System however, it does the job and will work on all devices.

However my point stands: in the day of keyboard entry, a modern language should try to avoid special characters (or even better, the Esperanto alphabet should "BE" part of the standard).

September 12, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/RedDash16

Nice of Amazon to support Esperanto characters, hopefully other tech companies will follow suite soon.

November 30, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/zagadka314

Google does too. Sadly, Apple does not.

December 1, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/mykeura

Thanks for this resourse :)

January 1, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Alex280937

哪种方式适合Windows电脑?

January 6, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/LindaSpiroXhardo

Dankon! :)

January 28, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/hyphen-minus

Old thread, but there is a great keyboard layout (for mac) here: jakwings.github.io/mac-keyboard-Esperanto/

June 24, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/theglauber

I type in the Colemak layout. Luckily, the portable Colemak driver for Windows supports all Esperanto accents!

August 11, 2017

[deactivated user]

    Hi

    October 16, 2017

    https://www.duolingo.com/Mage517354

    I made a simple script for autohotkey that does this here's the link https://pastebin.com/xPMCMisS

    December 21, 2017

    https://www.duolingo.com/megafighter_x

    G-board, google's keyboard, has an esperanto keyboard as well. I don't know if it's been said, but it is good to play with.

    February 27, 2018

    https://www.duolingo.com/MaryBlakely

    Is there anything optimized for a Chromebook? I use a school one that I checked out from my school's media center.

    March 19, 2018

    https://www.duolingo.com/bajanisto

    Keybee Keyboard

    Se vi uzas Android-aparaton (saĝtelefonon aŭ tabulkomputilon), vi havas (ekde nun) plian eblon tajpi en Esperanto:
    http://www.keybee.it/

    Bonvolu noti, ke vi povas uzi klavar-aranĝojn por la angla, itala, hispana kaj germana. Mi tre rekomendas provi ĝin.

    April 13, 2018

    https://www.duolingo.com/bajanisto

    HERO Keyboard

    Se vi uzas iOS-aparaton (iPhone aŭ iPad), vi ekde nun havas eblon tajpi Esperanton ankaŭ per la klavaro HERO (HERO Keyboard).

    Ĝi estas optimizita por la angla, kaj ĝi ĵus estis ĝisdatigita al la versio 2.3.

    Bonvolu vidi ĉe http://herokeyboard.com/

    April 28, 2018

    https://www.duolingo.com/zuoanqh

    Bitabismo link is down. What do?

    May 5, 2018

    https://www.duolingo.com/Elisabeth3789

    Hey, I just found a virtual Esperanto keyboard from where you can copy and paste either the letters or entire sentences into the document: http://online-keyboard.net/type/esperanto.html

    May 7, 2018

    https://www.duolingo.com/bahrtasai

    If you can install the US international keyboard on your computer, you can type CTRL+SHIFT+6+the letter for the "hats", ĉĝĥ, etc; for ŭ type ALTGR+SHIFT+9. ALTGR is right alt. for Ŭ keep holding SHIFT when you press 'U'. for the kindle you can install ES File Explorer and sideload a third-party keyboard. If you can get the APK I would Recommend Multiling Keyboard. It's free, small and supports a large number of languages including Esperanto complete with special characters.

    September 13, 2018

    https://www.duolingo.com/bahrtasai

    https://github.com/google/extra-keyboards-for-chrome-os has an esperanto keyboard which uses q, w, and x as well as a couple rarely used punctuation marks to enter ĉ, ĝ, ĥ¸ ĵ, ŝ¸ and ŭ since they aren't used in esperanto anyway. there is also a composekey keyboard that you can use to enter the special characters as well as many other symbols just like on linux. you can edit the shortcuts by opening the 'background.js' file in the composekey folder. just open it, edit, save, and reload the extension. after reloading you will have to switch back to it.

    February 17, 2019

    https://www.duolingo.com/Mokurai

    "...you can submit a sentence with the x-system and if it will be marked correct, it will not be marked as a typo."

    This is not the case in my experience. Each time I have used the x-convention I was told I had a typo in my answer.

    March 19, 2019

    https://www.duolingo.com/PetziPotato

    If you use a keyboard with dead keys for accents (eg a Portuguese keyboard), you may want to try out this tool I made for Esperanto accents: https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/32577718

    June 12, 2019, 1:07 AM

    https://www.duolingo.com/TheAlibi

    Mi estas vidinta unu Esperanta klavaron por Kindle. Mi ne havas Kindle, kial ne scias se ĝi funkcias aŭ ne.

    http://apkforkindle.com/esperanto-keyboard-plugin-apk_1

    (I'm VERY new to Esperanto, so if my grammar's terrible please let me know.)

    May 18, 2016
    Learn Esperanto in just 5 minutes a day. For free.