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  5. "Sie liest eine Zeitung."

"Sie liest eine Zeitung."

Translation:She reads a newspaper.

December 26, 2012

234 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mtp225

why isn't "you are reading the newspaper" correct?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EffortlessAction

You must remember that the word "Sie" means they and she. To know WHICH one is being used, you must now read the next part. It is liest which is the fem form of read. If it was they, it would have been lesen.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Martianaudio

That's gonna get me one of these days


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ReesaRilli

Thanks for the explanation. There is no way to know that at this point in the lesson as they don't mention it yet. And to the other dude, it's not "common sense" if you don't speak the language... which is sort of why we're all here.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RicardoFlo687497

That cleared it up for me lol Ty


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SamiRussom2

Your reply didn't answer their question. They asked why is "you are reading a newspaper" not correct and you just explained that Sie could mean she and they and how to differentiate between them. You haven't mentioned Sie could mean you (but always capitalised).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/az_p
Mod
  • 7

When using Sie to mean "you (formal)" it conjugates the verb the same way as for sie ("they"). So it would have to be Sie lesen eine Zeitung to mean "You are reading a newspaper". If it's sie liest it can only mean "she reads/is reading".

Anyway, this was answered in the other comments already ;)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Nancy911673

You lost me..is she Sie or sie?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Lucas291817

sie. Its capitalized in this question because it is at the start of the sentence


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Juan390077

When would you use Sie to mean you? How can i tell the difference between Sie, Du and Ihr?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/az_p
Mod
  • 7

There are three forms of "you" in German. You use a different form depending on whether you are talking to just one person, to multiple people (kind of like "you guys" or "you all"), or whether you're being formal (like with your boss or people you don't know personally).

du - one person, informal
ihr - multiple people, informal
Sie - any number of people, formal


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/PapaSmurf88

Thank you. This was confusing me.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/isa167.3

vielen dank fur die information


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/2GreyCats

@Effortless— liest isn’t feminine (verbs can’t be). I think you meant ‘singular ‘.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/dasman8

what if i cannot read the next part?

fill in the blank

Sie _ eine zeitung

how would i know which conjugation to use?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SBenn01

Thank you so much! Super helpful! :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/petemacdd

Liest is not the feminine form of lesen - verbs don't decline by gender, their pronouns do. Liest is simply the 3rd person singular declension allowing you to match it with the 3rd pronoun singular Sie. Ihr is 2nd person plural pronoun requiring the 2nd person plural declension lesen


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/2GreyCats

Close -- The conjugation for ihr is ihr lest, not 'lesen'.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kaylalala.

thank you for that, it's been tripping me up.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/trogpig

An easy way to remember if its 'she' or 'they'. Just look at the word that follows the word 'sie' and use the rhyme if theres 't' then its 'she'


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ShivangiSh5

Danke for the rhyme trick :D


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/GordonChin3

Thank you very much!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/snd577504

That's easy! Thanks!!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MarcusCoop8

hey thanks, that really helps


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

'You' as in the formal 'you'? That would be 'Sie lesen eine Zeitung.' The formal 'you' (Sie) is grammatically equivalent to third person plural (sie=they).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ElibeyElili

pls read grammer carefully :(


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/bansheegentleman

I had the same thing I put in they read the newspaper


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/veganpanda

After I put "they" I peeked at the "Sie" word & it told me that it meant 'they, you & she' so I picked one "they" :p


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/elgee_nst

If you use "they", the verb form that follow should be "lesen", not "liest".

So, "They read a newspaper" = Sie lesen eine Zeitung.

Note that "You (formal) read a newspaper" = Sie lesen eine Zeitung.

While "She reads a newspaper" = Sie liest eine Zeitung.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Klaushybrid

How to know if Sie is you or they ?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

Two possiblities:

  • Context,
  • Capitalization: the formal address "Sie" is always capitalized. So, this won't work if "Sie" is at the beginning of a sentence, because all words at the beginning of a sentence are capitalized.

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NicholasBl

Because "eine" is used. "You are reading A newspaper". Your answer would be in response to "Du leist die Zeitung"


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/m.dail07

I have trouble with the many different types of 'the'.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EeroK

I'm not saying that you are doing it this way, but just wanted to make clear:

Don't think them as different types of "the". You need to hardwire your brain to think them as parts that belong to the words following it. It indicates the gender of the word. That is a crucial part of the language. If you ask yourself "which form of "the" does this sentence need?" you are thinking it the wrong way. The questions should be "what is the gender of the following word?" then "what is the case I need?"

When you answer both of these questions you end up with the correct article.

When learning vocabulary always learn the gender too. Not just "Tisch" or "Toilettenbürstenbenutzungsanweisung" but "der Tisch" and "die Toilettenbürstenbenutzungsanweisung" ;)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BenRussert

One thing I wish duolingo would do is emphasize the gender of nouns more, especially on the mobile app.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/darren_w1

I copy the nouns onto paper. Masculine is blue, and down the left side of the page. Neuter is black, down the middle. Feminine is red, down the right. That way, if I need to remember a noun's article, I can either recall colour OR position on the page.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Gilly_Rowell

See my post Der, die, das and die [blue, red green and purple]. Also Das [black] = That or this I appreciate you would have to make changes but it does cover singular, plural and other possibilities Gilly


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/already.taken0

I agree. In vocabulary lists it would be helpful if Duolingo were to precede nouns with der, die or das — according to their gender.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/alirmansour

I suggest you to try Memrise application. Check this site out: www.memrise.com . I guess you'll find it useful.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Dhwani19

When do we use ein and when do we use eine ?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/az_p
Mod
  • 7

See Schorschi's comments on this page.

In short, they mean the same thing but ein is used for masculine and neuter nouns and eine for feminine and plural nouns.

All nouns in German have a 'grammatical gender': masculine, feminine or neuter. The gender of a noun affects many of the little words that are also in the sentence - they change in one way for masculine nouns, and another way for feminine nouns, etc. There are a lot of rules, but also some patterns to them.

Keep learning, practicing, reading and asking questions, and eventually your brain will make sense of it. Good luck!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/VERBRECHER

You can not use eine before a plural noun. Eine means "a" or "one". it simply doesn't work with plurals. If it were "meine" or "keine", then it would work.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/az_p
Mod
  • 7

Well, yes. I meant the declension pattern - but could have made it clearer. Thanks!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Machado_Ronaldo

should't it be "sie liest EINEN Zeitung" just like "ich habe EINEN Apfel"? ok, i discovered: apfel is masculine, zeitung is feminine...


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

With my above table of declensions, you should have been able to answer the question yourself.

You correctly identified the gender of "Apfel" (m) and "Zeitung" (f). Next you have to figure out what declension to apply to each noun in the sentences.

In "ich habe x" or "ich lese x", "x" is always in accusative. So, looking above in my table, the declensions of the indefinite article for a masculine and feminine singular noun in accusative are "einen" and "eine", respectively. So, the sentences must read:

Ich habe einen Apfel.

Sie liest eine Zeitung.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Machado_Ronaldo

i edited the post, i found the answer later! german is dificult, i think that more than portuguese, my mother language.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/lilacsunbird

What is the difference between "Sie liest eine Zeitung" and "Sie liest die zeitung" meaning wise?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/linerox

The first is She reads a newspaper, the second is She reads THE newspaper


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/bubblebear59

She reads A newspaper, She reads THE newspaper.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/az_p
Mod
  • 7

...is this in the Genitive lesson for a reason...?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CatMcCat

Aha, so it's not just me. I think maybe they put a lesson that should be accusative or dative into the genitive lesson. I reported it (just on one sentence, because I'm not going to report every single one.)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/az_p
Mod
  • 7

Apparently it's a bug, as discussed in the general forums. Still weird that they don't/can't do anything about it, even put up a notice about it!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Atomic_Sheep

Why is it not einen, is this not accusative?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

It is accusative, but einen only appears with a masculine noun, e.g. Sie liest einen Roman (Roman=novel). Zeitung, however, is feminine: die Zeitung.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Squeaky134

I'm really confused: I put in "She's reading a newspaper" and it corrested me to "She's reading one newspaper". And then when i look here it says that the definition of "Sie liest eine Zeitung" is "she reads a newspaper". So which one is correct??? And what's the difference between "one" and "a" in "eine"???


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/az_p
Mod
  • 7

That's just Duolingo being confusing. Either is fine.

In English if we wanted to count things we would say: "One newspaper, two newspapers, three newspaper...". But we could also say "That is a newspaper". Different words for "one" and "a".

German does not have this. It uses the indefinite article (ein/eine/etc.) in both situations: Eine Zeitung, zwei Zeitungen, drei Zeitungen. Or just Das ist eine Zeitung.

German does have a number "one" (eins), but it is only used for numbers not quantities (i.e. in reading out a phone number, house number, doing mathematics, etc.).

Depending on context, it may be more natural to translate eine as "a/an" or "one". I would say that this sentence is more natural as "a", but "one" is also correct. In English though, this would be giving some emphasis: "She is reading one newspaper, not two!". You could express this same emphasis in German with emphasis on eine when speaking too.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/cojalahombre

Why is she is reading newspaper is incorrect


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/az_p
Mod
  • 7

You're missing "a".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/KelliHanse2

Ok hold on. I'm reading the comments because I got the wrong answer submitting "she is reading a newspaper" and the app said nope, I used the wrong word and told me it should have been "She is reading a gazette" like what the heck. Zeitung so far has been newspaper and newpaper only? Why gazette all of a sudden?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/magilla

Great commentary, thanks to all.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jagamaister7

iI typed in "They read", but it's wrong. what gives?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Chatrius

because sie isnt they in this context. because the verb read has a st on the end of the word


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EffortlessAction

While Sie can mean "they" it can also mean "she". To understand which sie this is, you need to understand when to use what word for "reading". In this case, it is she because "liest" is the fem form of reading. If it was lesen, it would be they.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Eric_Lindenbaum

What is the German translation of "You are reading a newspaper."?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

"Du liest eine Zeitung." or using the formal address: "Sie lesen eine Zeitung." which is grammatically equivalent to (and hence indistinguishable by itself from) saying "They read a newspaper."


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sureshkuma36

When is the difference between ein and eine ?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

That depends on a number of factors. First off, in the sample sentence "Sie liest eine Zeitung", "eine Zeitung" appears in accusative case and "Zeitung" is feminine. If you were to use the same sentence structure with the word "book", which is neuter in German, the sentence would read "Sie liest ein Buch." If, however, a masculine noun was used, for instance, "the report", it would read as follows: "Sie liest einen Bericht."

Up to here, all nouns in all (three) genders appear in accusative.

Simply changing the case used already changes the declensions of the nouns and articles used.

Let's say, the sentence "a newspaper is white" was used. Here, "newspaper" appears in nominative case.

So the translations for all three genders would be:

Eine Zeitung ist weiß.

Ein Buch ist weiß.

Ein Bericht ist weiß.

Note the different endings of "ein" - being different from "eine", "ein" and "einen" in accusative.

It gets more varied with genitive and dative cases, that I am omitting for brevity.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Twski

Holly, that's a lot of rules! Do you know if Duolingo gets more specific on the later lessons or it will aways be the same learning method?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EffortlessAction

ein is the masculine or netuer nominative case, while einen is the masculine accusative case.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/chaitu2890

How do i know if Sie is She or You?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

The formal you (Sie) is grammatically equivalent to third person plural (they). So, if you know your conjugations you can easily tell by whether it's third person singular (sie=she) or third person plural (Sie=they or (formal) you). Another hint is that the formal you (Sie) is always capitalized, unlike "she" (sie). However, this will only help you if "sie" appears in the middle of a sentence and not at the beginning.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ScottChamb

I entered "she reads a newspaper," and it said I was wrong. Not sure why my entry is different than "she reads one newspaper" = the given correction?!?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/tu.8zPhLD72zzoZN

Your answer should also be correct. Did you report it?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/veganpanda

Sie is REALLY annoying me, I was led to believe that if it was a capital S it was 'you are', don't think I'm ever going to get that right! :(


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EeroK

Well, when the word is in the beginning of the sentence, it is also capitalized.

The most important thing however is always the verb. When you can conjugate your verbs, you won't have any problems with that.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/veganpanda

Thanks for the reply, I just need to find out how I "conjugate" my verbs (which hopefully should be easy enough)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/veganpanda

I just found a great EASY tool for conjugating verbs, I'll use it a lot I'm sure :) http://german.about.com/library/verbs/blverb_Conjug1.htm


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/PeanutYAYS

When to use Ihr and when to use Sie for 'you' (plural)?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/adi441994

When is Sie used as She and when as They ? thanks


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Gilly_Rowell

I quote from a grammar book: "There are two forms for "you" in German 'du' and Sie. du [singular] and ihr [plural] are used for close friends, family and children. Sie [singular] and Sie [plural] are used for politeness and with people you do not know. Sie is written with a capital S and the verb used with Sie has the same form as that of the 3rd person Plural. sie can be "she" or "they" depending on the verb ending. for example "sie ist" = she is sie sind = they are if 'sie' is NOT the FIRST word in the sentence then "Sie sind = You are" which could be singular "you" or plural "you". The problem arises when "sie" is the first word in the sentence and has to have a capital letter for S in which case it can mean sie = she, sie = they or Sie = you. The clue to whether Sie at the start of the sentence is she, they or you depends on the 'person' of the verb that follows "Sie". In the case of "Sie liest eine Zeitung" The Sie is really sie = she because liest is the 3rd person SINGULAR of lesen. "Sie lesen could mean "they are reading" if Sie is really "sie" with a capital S for the beginning of the sentence. OR Sie lesen could mean "You are reading" if the 'sie' is really Sie with the capital S and the 3rd person PLURAL of the verb. In short "liest" tells you that Sie is really "sie = she" Heute sie liest = Today she is reading Heute sie lessen = Today they are reading Heute Sie lessen = Today you are reading Complicated but I hope this helps Gilly


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Sleevy98

why can it not be you are and not she is


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

If you are talking about the formal you (Sie), i.e. why does the sentence not mean "you are reading a newspaper," it's because that would be "Sie lesen eine Zeitung." The formal you (Sie) is grammatically equivalent to third person plural. So the latter sentence could also mean "they are reading a newspaper."

The conjugations of "lesen" in present tense are:

Ich lese.

Du liest.

Er/Sie/Es liest.

Wir lesen.

Ihr lest.

Sie lesen.

So, you can see why the sentence can only mean "she is reading a newspaper."


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MEV13

Why is it "Sie liest eine zitung" instead of "Sie liest ein Zeitung? when do i have to use either eine or ein? I don't get it. thanks for answering.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

It's because of the case and the gender of the noun "eine" is linked to. Here it is "Zeitung," which is feminine - die Zeitung. "Zeitung" appears as the accusative object in this sentence, and the ending for "ein" with a feminine noun in accusative is "eine."

If instead the object was "Buch" (book), which is neuter (das Buch), the sentence would read "Sie liest ein Buch."

If the object was "Roman" (novel), which is masculine (der Roman), the sentence would read "Sie liest einen Roman."

So the word endings of "ein" in accusative (singular) in the three genders are "einen" (masc.), "eine" (fem.) and "ein" (neut.).

You may also want to read my comment on a related topic at https://www.duolingo.com/comment/526169, in which I am explaining word endings for possessive pronouns. The principle is the same. I am also mentioning the nominative case there.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MEV13

Very good explanation. Vielen danke!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MalihaRahm1

How to use ein/eine/einen before the plural?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/amitcool

why einen is used instead of ein in Sie liest Einen Zietung


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

Look around. That question has already been answered in this thread.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RayRabil

What would you are reading the newspaper be in German.. Sie is confusing. You, she , they. Good grief!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

In German there are two versions of saying "you": "Sie" (formal) and "du" (informal). "Du", of course, is second person singular. "Sie", however, is equivalent to third person plural. So, the two possible translations of "You are reading the newspaper" are:

"Sie lesen die Zeitung." and

"Du liest die Zeitung."

The first sentence, however, if you don't have any context, can also translate back to English as

"They are reading the newspaper." (3rd person singular).

All conjugations of "lesen" in present tense are:

Ich lese die Zeitung.

Du liest die Zeitung.

Er/Sie/Es liest die Zeitung.

Wir lesen die Zeitung.

Ihr lest die Zeitung.

Sie lesen die Zeitung.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/manar.moha1

What does masculine mean????????


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

masculine = male, feminine = female, neuter = neither masculine, nor feminine.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Glisa13

And what is the difference between A newspaper and THE newspaper ?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Sassy113

a newspaper is eine Zeitung and the newspaper is die Zeitung


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Samuel2478

Isn't ein "one" and eine "a" ?? Help


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

No. "Ein"/"eine" can both be translated to "one" or "a."

The different word endings of "ein" depend on gender and declension.

For instance, the feminine word "Frau" is prepended by "eine": eine Frau.

"Mann," however, being masculine, is prepended bei "ein": ein Mann.

A neuter noun, "Schwein," is prepended bei "ein," as well: ein Schwein.

The above are all in nominative case.

When you get into other declensions there are, for feminine nouns:

  • Eine Frau - nominative.

  • Einer Frau - genitive.

  • Einer Frau - dative.

  • Eine Frau - accusative.

With "Mann" (masculine) it's as follows:

  • Ein Mann - nominative.

  • Eines Mannes - genitive.

  • Einem Mann - dative.

  • Einen Mann - accusative.

And "Schwein" (neuter):

  • Ein Schwein - nominative.

  • Eines Schweines - genitive.

  • Einem Schwein - dative.

  • Ein Schwein - accusative.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/uNuNuNIuM111

Why not 'a newspaper' Instead of 'one newspaper?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

If it makes you happy, same difference.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Girisme

Sie liest eine Zeitung = She reads a newspaper


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/lifeofsajid

'Liest' means 'reads' and 'is reading' as well. How to differentiate?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/az_p
Mod
  • 7

German does not differentiate. Read the lesson tips from the first lesson, which explain this at the bottom of the page.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NoNameHaveI

Is "sie" pronounced "zie"?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/az_p
Mod
  • 7

Sie in German pronunciation sounds like "zee" in English pronunciation, yes.

Generally, though, it's tricky to describe pronunciation with text, as everyone has a different accent. Bookmark the website Forvo, where you can listen to recordings from native-speakers.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/paula.bosc

Why is it eine? Wouldn't it be ein


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/az_p
Mod
  • 7

Because Zeitung is a feminine noun (i.e. die Zeitung. You just have to memorise this when you learn the word for the first time).

When you would otherwise use die for a feminine noun, you need to use eine. The other comments have good explanations, so have a read of them too. There's also Duolingo's own tips page for this lesson (scroll down). Good luck!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

A.

the - der, die, das

a - einer, eine, eines


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Antinarodn

When do you say "she reads" and when "she is reading" ?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SeanMeaneyPL

English distinguishes between a ongoing, continuous action and a habitual action. "I am reading" means NOW. "I am (in the process of, currently engaged in, at present involved in) reading a newspaper". "I read" means I read habitually, I read on specific occasions, or I read specific papers. "I read newspapers" means that I am in the habit of reading newspapers on a regular basis. "I read newspapers every week". Habit. "I read a paper on Thursdays". Habit. "I read expensive newspapers" Specific, habitual. But "I am reading an expensive newspaper today". Non-specific, continuous action. German does not make this distinction, and nor does French, for example. But English does, and so do other languages - Irish, for example, but with slightly different application. I read = Léim. I am reading = Táim ag léamh. Táim = I am (now). Bím = I am (habitually, regularly). Táim fuar inniu = I am cold today. Bím fuar i gcónaí = I am always cold.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sivaram0

please clarify me why the answer "reads" rather than read eg: du liest einene zeitung-you read a newspaper sie liest eine zeitung- she read a newspaper (why not!)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

Most, if not all regular verbs in third person singular end in “s“.

I read

You read

He/she/it reads

We read

You read

They read

Here's “to have“:

I have

You have

He/she/it has

We have

You have

They have


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sahar365657

Why here is "eine Zeitung" but in another sentence was "einen Apfel" ????


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/khalid_75

Hello guys Sie means you in a formal way. and "sie" means she. In the sentense Sie liest eine Zeitung, I translated "Sie" as You forma, however, the computer answer considered "Sie" as She.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

It can't be “Sie“ (formal address), because then the sentence would read “Sie lesen eine Zeitung.“

Grammatically, “Sie“ (formal address) is identical to third person plural (“sie“).

So, “Sie lesen“, could be “You are reading“ (formal address) or “they are reading“.

And so “sie liest“ (third person singular) has to be “she is reading“.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Edgard16

Ok, since this is talking about accusative, why is it not She liest EINEN Zeitung? The "reading" action is happening to the newspaper no?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

Because einen is the accusative form for a masculine noun. Zeitung, however, is feminine.

So, the following would be correct:

Sie liest einen Roman. (= novel)

Der Roman. (masculine)

Die Zeitung. (feminine)

And for completeness' sake, for a neuter noun it's ein.

Sie liest ein Magazin.

Das Magazin. (neuter)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LandaWalsh

What the ❤❤❤❤,Duolingo!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!??????????????????!??????????????!?????????????????!?!!!!!!!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/VyomMathur

In previous module, translation of Sie isst --> She eats was wrong, while here Sie liest --> she reads is correct. Can someone please explain this to me?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

Do you have a link for the other module? I don't know how to get there.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CocoLexi22

Ya, sie is either she, they, or you. How are ment to know wich one?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Der-Michael

There are multiple ways to tell.

Conjugation

You should never mix up "she" with "they" and "you", as the verb is conjugated differently.

Examples:

  • sie liest = she reads / she is reading
  • sie lesen = they read / they are reading
  • Sie lesen = you read / you are reading

Capitalization

When "Sie" means "you", the letter "S" will always be capitalized, no matter where it is in the sentence. However, at the begging of a sentence, "Sie" will always be capitalized no matter what is meant.

Examples:

  • Ich weiß, dass sie liest = I know that she reads
  • Ich weiß, dass sie lesen = I know that they read
  • Ich weiß, dass Sie lesen = I know that you read

Context

In most situations, there will be context, you'll know what (or whom) the other person is talking about. On duolingo, we do not have the required context, so we need to look at the conjugation and capitalization. If you see a sentence such as

  • "Sie lesen ein Buch"

Duolingo will accept both:

  • You read a book / You are reading a book
  • They read a book / They are reading a book

It will not accept:

  • She reads a book / She is reading a book

because the conjugation is not correct for the "she-form" of "sie".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ali.rajabzadeh

why use "eine" for newspaper?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/2GreyCats

Why not? It’s a feminine noun.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/gouru

So the newspaper is actually in accusative case here, but we don't see it now because its article is "die" am I right? For example; If It would be a novel, then we should say; "Sie liest einen Roman" right? please tell me I'm right ^^


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

Correct. Likewise, with neuter nouns, for instance, das Magazin.

Sie liest ein Magazin. (Akkusativ).

Ein Magazin. (Nominativ).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/gouru

Thank you so much!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Mohit207083

How can we identify that when Sie means she and sie means they??


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/WispsOfAwkward

This is not mine but I remember someone commenting this. If the verb ends in 't' it's a she. That's how I remember it...


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

sie is 3rd person singular.

Sie is (equivalent to) 3rd person plural.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Madhu_George

i answered- she 'read' a newspaper and it corrected me to reads. how will it be different?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/WispsOfAwkward

What you have written is past tense. 'she 'read' a newspaper' is actually grammatically incorrect. :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Madhu_George

so do you know what is the correct way to write in the past tense?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

Past tense would be:

Sie las eine Zeitung.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/WispsOfAwkward

I'm actually new to German so not yet!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SMgEJN

why isn't she is reading the newspaper correct?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/WispsOfAwkward

It is 'eine Zeitung' So it would be 'a newpaper'. Hope that helps!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Pranavkmr9

Might sound a lill naive.. but why isnt it "einen newspaper"?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Olivia444803

Sie is the same as they or she so why is the feminine part not there to help


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/WispsOfAwkward

This is not mine but I remember someone commenting this. If the verb ends in 't' it's a she. That's how I remember it...


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/stella399014

how do I know when it is a She or a They


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

The conjugation of the predicate gives it away.

liest is third person singular.

lesen is third person plural.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Amit224376

Then how we will translate "She is reading a Newspaper"


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/A.Ehsan19

and are not newspaper and apfel neuter gender in German?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

No. Zeitung is feminine, Apfel masculine.

Die Zeitung.

Der Apfel.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Wei-Hung_Lin

The word "newspaper" is uncountable, isn't it? Then, why does the answer sentence have "a"?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/az_p
Mod
  • 7

Newspapers can be countable or uncountable depending on the context.

In the context of reading, it is countable: "I am reading a newspaper" or "I subscribe to three newspapers", because you are generally referring to specific editions/publications.

In the context of using old newspapers for some other purpose, such as a packing or cleaning material, you can use it as an uncountable/bulk noun: "I wrapped the plates in newspaper before packing them into the box" or "Using scrunched-up newspaper is a common way of cleaning windows without leaving streaks".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/orkhan794731

why it is she? explain please


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/az_p
Mod
  • 7

Because sie liest means "she reads". What else do you think it could mean?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/squidpac

NEIN ICH BIN ANGRY


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Elle677060

"a" and "one," same thing. I am a fluent speaker in German and no one would actually mean to say I am reading one newspaper.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Jelena159103

I wrote She is reading a newspapers, but they didn't açcept because it GAZETE or smth. Wtf??


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Bay511272

are there any ways to remember it?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Rshawa

Why didn't we say "sie liest einen zeitung" since the newspaper is the direct object like when we say "er isst einen apfel"?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

Because Zeitung is feminine and Apfel is masculine and the declensions in accusative singular of their indefinite articles are eine and einen, respectively.

Ich sehe eine Zeitung.

Ich sehe einen Apfel.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RoyTree

Is there any spcific rule concerning "Ihr"? I'm always confused with its conjugation. Please help. Danke.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

I don't understand your question. Please be more specific.

Conjugations are applied to verbs. "Ihr" is a personal pronoun.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AnuyaTendu

Why isn't "she is reading a newspaper " correct


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/FrauNatali2

Why is "is reading" not correct?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Daleraka

can I study in Germany for free, as the American citizen?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

Yes, you can. College tuition is free, no matter whether you're a citizen or not. You may have to learn German though.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/hetalia_tr

is she is reading newspaper incorrect?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/2GreyCats

Yes. There has to be an article (a, an, the) or a determiner (this, that, my, his, another...) before a singular noun in English. Singular nouns can’t be used alone.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ErdnaGoogle

Why cant be "she IS READING a newspaper"??? They havent consider this answer!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/2GreyCats

Of course it can. That’s also correct.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/S.M.RAIHAN

hello I am confused about using 'ein' and 'eine'. Would you please clarify me??


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/patitopototo

When an apple is the object it becomes "Einen Apfel" but a newspapper remains "Eine". Pls explain


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/2GreyCats

Because the masculine articles ein/der change to einen/den in the accusative. Neuter and feminine articles don’t change.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HimanshuSh837947

Why not ein,die...zeitung


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AdityaSing281066

Difference between "ein" "eine" & "einen"???


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/2GreyCats

The difference is in the nouns’ gender, whether masculine, feminine, or neuter. https://www.duolingo.com/skill/de/Accusative-Case/tips-and-notes


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TrevorQuip

i always forget to read the article... i see eine but i skim over it and say 'the newspaper' lol... but at least im grasping German to where i can just skim.and understand


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Hary_megamind

Whats the difference between ein eine and einen?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ShreyasiGa

Why isnt it ein zeitung?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/2GreyCats

Because die Zeitung is a feminine noun: eine Zeitung.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/UncleMamad

Im confused when should I translate 'is reading' and when 'reads'?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/2GreyCats

You have to consider the context. Is the action going on right now, in the moment? (She is reading the newspaper now). Or is it something that happens regularly, habitually, or always? (She reads the newspaper every morning).

If you have no context, as in this sentence, then either translation is possible.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Jonathan406967

Whem do you use ein or eine


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/VedanshSin6

Can it be "she is reading a newspaper"


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/2GreyCats

Sure. See just above— I explained it more. :-)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/tinysloth

I know I sound dumb, but why is it eine instead of einen?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Der-Michael

The article einen is used for masculine nouns in the accusative case. Zeitung is a feminine noun, so it keeps the article eine, like in the nominative case.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/tinysloth

Thank you very much!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/FengShuiDebunker

How can we tell if a German Noun is Fem, Neut, or Masc?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/2GreyCats

For most nouns, you can’t. You just have to memorize the definite article—and thus, the noun’s gender—along with the meaning. Der Tisch (the table, masc.); das Zimmer (the room, neut.); die Wand (the wall, fem.).

Some noun endings are always feminine, or always neuter, but generally you can’t tell by looking.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/OmarHegazy796119

Why it is not (She is reading a newspaper)?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/FengShuiDebunker

"She reads" & "She is reading" both mean present tense and I've answered lots of questions like this either way. Both have been correct accordiing to the lesson.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/OmarHegazy796119

Yes, but, isn't there a way to differentiate between them? Or that will be covered in future lessons?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/FengShuiDebunker

They both mean the same thing. If Duo doesn't accept that, it's a flaw in the program but it's never rejected either answer for me. Just report it and give it what it wants. But there's no reason to differentiate since they mean the same thing. I hope that helps.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/OmarHegazy796119

They don't mean the same thing in English. (Present Simple) is different than (Present Continuous). Present Continuous usually describes an event that is happening right now. While Present Simple usually describes a habit, fact, etc.

So, there is noway in Germany to differentiate between them?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/2GreyCats

No, there isn’t. German, unlike English, has no present continuous. The context determines the meaning, whether one is talking about a habitual action or an ongoing present action.

You must be an English teacher like me— no one else knows what Present Continuous is! :-).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Vana2061

Duolingo you are repeating words all the time. :/


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/vighneshpv

How does one know whether "Sie lesen eine Zeitung" means "They read the newspaper" or "You (formal) read the newspaper"? Is there no way other than to analyze from the context?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Schorschi

That's right. Only context can tell.

Also, you can't use the fact that the formal address (Sie) is always capitalized to your advantage, because the pronoun appears at the beginning of the sentence at which words are always capitalized anyway.

If, however, you were looking at the sentence/question in its two possible variants, as follows:

Lesen Sie eine Zeitung?

Lesen sie eine Zeitung?

you would be able to tell the difference.

The former asking do you read a newspaper? and the latter do they read a newspaper?.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Csar992556

I need to know when it means; "I read and I am reading". Is really confusing. I know that in german there is no progressive but is there anyway to Id which is the correct one? Thanks in advance


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/2GreyCats

Repeat posting from above: No, there isn’t. German has no present continuous/ present progressive. The context determines the meaning, whether one is talking about a habitual action or an ongoing present action.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/laifKa

"ein Zeitung" is wrong but "eine Zeitung" is right?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/GeorgeVaro

Can someone please explain in simple words when and why for example "ein" is changing to "eine,einen,einem"?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/GeorgeVaro

Any tip for the change of ein to eine,einen,einem ,when and why this happens?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/a.czep

Why can't you translate it to "She is reading the newspaper."?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ColeFellOver

How do you know if a word is masculine or feminine?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/2GreyCats

Well, words that end in -ung are feminine, and words ending in -heit, -keit, -lein, -chen are neuter. Otherwise, you can’t. Essentially you have to memorize the noun’s gender along with its meaning—for the most part, you can’t tell by looking.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TheInquisitive7

How can you tell if it's she or they if you're a beginner and consequently not familiar with conjugations?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/2GreyCats

You have to become familiar with conjugations. The verb form, the conjugation, is the only way; you can’t tell just by looking at the pronoun. Sie liest is singular; Sie lesen is plural.

That’s why learning the conjugations is essential. I strongly recommend a book called 501 German Verbs.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SanjeevNep

I am confused with ein, eine and einen....can somebody help...


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/2GreyCats

First, read this: https://www.duolingo.com/skill/de/Accusative-Case/tips.

Second, read the comments thread here on this forum. It’s been discussed very thoroughly several times. You should be able to find what you need here. The moderators are great.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ammlia

How do i pronounce Zeitung?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/IfritWamia

Why is 'she read a newspaper' not correct?? Why is it she reads a newspaper?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TorIvarStr

It wouldn't let me speak


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ChiragTamb

Zietung is Feminine and that's why it remained 'eine' and not 'einen' (accusative case).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ShimonaRachalle

How do i choose whether to use eine or einen?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Shannel920586

To make things easier: ich lese (I read) du liest (you 'singular' read) er/sie/es/man liest (he/she/it/one reads) wir lesen (we read) ihr lest (you 'plural' read) sie lesen (they read)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/merry_spring

Is newspaper considered feminine?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CapnDoug

No, newspaper is neuter, but Zeitung is feminine.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Spatz694914

Something is dysfunctional, I can't even read the statement before it says it is incorrect??? Anyone else having this problem?

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