Duolingo is the most popular way to learn languages in the world. Best of all, it's 100% free!

https://www.duolingo.com/AidanJohns4

Differences in Swedish adjectives?

I don't understand how to know how to write or say a adjective, For example, I don't know which word for dirty (smutsig, smutsigt, or smutsiga) I would use if I said "my dog is dirty". I don't understand which suffix to use. I don't know if this question makes any sense?

3 years ago

4 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Zmrzlina
Zmrzlina
Mod
  • 14
  • 13
  • 12
  • 10
  • 4
  • 2
  • 2

Did you read the Tips and notes for the lesson Adjectives 1? Maybe that'll help.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/lahvenai
lahvenai
  • 20
  • 18
  • 17

This is actually quite difficult. To say 'my dog is dirty' you say 'min hund är smutsig'. But to say 'that dog is dirty' it would be 'den hunden är smutsig' using the same form of the adjective. But on the other hand to say 'the house is dirty' would be 'huset är smutsigt' and 'the shoes are dirty' would be ' skorna är smutsiga'. In this case 'smutsiga' is the form used for plurals. The simple rule is that adjectives ending with an 'a' ('smutsiga', 'fina' ) is used for plurals. This is one of the difficult parts of learning Swedish since there are few other rules to stick with.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/AidanJohns4

Thanks that helps a lot.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/efskap
efskap
  • 15
  • 10
  • 8
  • 6
  • 5
  • 4
  • 2

ending in a is for both plurals and definites, e.g. smutsig hund, smutsiga hundar, smutsiga hunden

3 years ago