"Ni ŝatas fromaĝon kun vino."

Translation:We like cheese with wine.

May 29, 2015



Shouldn't this be "Ni ŝatas fromaĝon kun vinon?"

May 30, 2015


Nope, only fromaĝo takes the accusative case, hence the additional n. Kun vino simply attaches itself to accusative form fromaĝon,but is not accusative case itself (it's instrumental case, actually; but that's irrelevant for Esperanto because there is no declension in that case -- the noun stays the same!).

But I understand your confusion. The whole phrase fromaĝon kun vino is in accusative here, but only the "main" word from the phrase takes the -n ending.

Why? It leaves space for turning other words inside the already-accusative phrase into accusative case! If you added -n to the whole phrase, it would not only be too confusing (it could be a very long phrase!), but it would also stop you from marking other stuff inside it as accusative again. :)

May 30, 2015


I'm glad that someone asked this question and that you answered it but I can't fully understand your answer.

Yet, I will accept this like a rule of math and not ask questions but to just accept it do it - so only the first word will get the "n" ;)

May 21, 2016


Isn't the following rule allways working: words introduced by a preposition never get the -n?

August 29, 2016


Yes, with an exception. Prepositional phrases do get -n added on if indicating movement. For example:

en la domo - in the house; en la domon - into the house

sur la tablo - on the table; sur la tablon - onto the table

May 16, 2018


That's the way I understand it. So far, to my knowledge, only the object of the sentence (in English terms) gets the -n. so prepositional phrases aren't technically the object.

December 7, 2016


No sound?

May 29, 2015


There are quite a few sentences without sound throughout the course, as far as I've noticed. I'm pretty sure they are planning to add them later. Remember that all the sentences were recorded by hand, unlike other courses!

May 29, 2015


Dankon! That explains why it sounds so nice, and why there's no sound when hovering over a single word.

May 30, 2015


yeah. In my mind, all the courses that don't have actual people's voices for their audio should go and record some. I'd just love that.

June 1, 2015


True. I use to learn a lot of languages on Duolingo then I quit the courses since the computer voice is hard to understand.

March 21, 2016


I thought they were recording by mouth.

June 1, 2015


me too...

May 9, 2016


Not that it's a great replacement, but Google Translate's TTS Esperanto does a decent enough job if you really need to hear how something sounds. (Though it doesn't hold a candle to the voice)

June 2, 2015


I wish to thank you all from abstaining from the whine/wine pun.

June 1, 2015


I whined so hard when the waiter didn't bring me wine.

June 1, 2015


Ĉar ni estas francoj!

September 5, 2015


I keep misreading vino as viro.

August 2, 2016


Why it not is: "We like A cheese with wine." ?

June 17, 2015


In English, words like "cheese" and "wine" only take the indefinite article ('a') when specifying a specific quantity:

I'd like wine. / I'd like some wine. / I'd like a glass of wine.

I like cheese. / I'll have some cheese. / I'll try a slice of cheese.

June 27, 2015


Kun vergo

May 22, 2019


Wouldn't this be "fromagxon kun vinon"? Correct me if I'm wrong but currently it sounds like "We and wine like cheese"

June 3, 2015


Lazar95 has a great explanation higher up in this thread, but here's a short version in case you missed it. 1. Only the "main noun" in an Accusative phrase takes the -n. This allows for further use of the Accusative case, nested within the main Accusative phrase. 2. "Kun" would trigger the Instrumental case, if Esperanto had such a thing. As such, "vino" does not require the Accusative -n.

July 20, 2015


Cxu vi volas fromagxo kun tiu (?) vino?

January 9, 2016
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