"The letters are long."

Translation:La leteroj estas longaj.

May 30, 2015

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Whats wrong with "Longas la leteroj"?


It sounds like it should work.

In English, we normally use the Subject-Verb-Object (SVO) order. Now, there are several things that I've read about non-SVO sentences in Esperanto:
- It's for people whose native language is non-SVO. So, if you speak a SOV language like Japanese, you can use La kata la muson kisas.
- It's for emphasis, where what you're putting out of SOV order gets more emphasis. In this case, Longas la leteroj.* is saying that we're talking about reaaaaaaly long letters.

So, for a single sentence, you can't tell which is meant. With longer works, you obviously can tell if the person is always using SVO (and thus this would be for emphasis) or is always using a non-SVO pattern. (Somebody mentioned elsewhere on here that about 80% of Esperanto text is SVO.)


Maybe I read the "Tips & Notes" too fast, but adjectives don't take the -n suffix when they're not accompanied by a noun?


They don't take the -n after most prepositions and when there's a predicate nominative: the verb to be doesn't give you an object (something/someone being acted on/upon by something/someone), but more information about the same subject (The letters = long). Therefore, you don't have an object and both sides of the verb remain unmarked.


Seems that "La leteroj longas" is correct. So i can drop the "j" if I add do like this?


No, the "j" is a plural marker - if you drop it, it becomes "The letter is long".


That's what I thought at first, but it gave me a right answer with the very same "la leteroj longas" so I'm a bit confused about this. For example La virino estas bela La virino belas But: La virinoj estas belaj La virinoj belas or belajs? Is it impossible to "verbalize" when plural?


An adjective changes form according to its noun; a verb doesn't - never in the same tense. "Belas" is not an adjective, it's a verb formed out of an adjective. No plural endings for verbs - "La virinoj belas" = The women are beautiful.


That actually makes sense, thank you


Could be correct "La leteroj estas longas? .


No, you cannot have two verbs at the same time. You can only use one verb. The verb esti + the adjective longa or the verb longi which means to be long.


Does 'letero' mean letter as in 'the letters A B C etc.' or letter as in 'I sent him a letter'? Or is it like in English where it means both?


Oni skribas leteron per literoj

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