why not say : Das Junge ,das Madchen? I wondering why Junge is masculline but Madchen is neuter?? Can somebody help? Many Thanks
There is little logic to German noun genders - I recommend that you simply learn them along with the word.
For nouns describing people, the gender usually matches the sex (nouns referring to male people are usually masculine: der Vater, der Junge, der Sohn, der Bruder; nouns referring to female people are usually feminine: die Mutter, die Tochter, die Schwester).
"Das Mädchen" does not follow this because it is a diminutive, and all diminutives in -chen are neuter. The base noun (die Maid) was in fact feminine but it is not used much any more in standard Germans (I believe it survives in some dialects).
In grammar, we usually use the words "masculine, feminine, neuter" for the three genders of German, not "male" or "female".
The the guide . Der is for masculine words . Das is for nueter words. Die is for feminine."
Be careful to distinguish between words and the things that the words stand for.
The word Mädchen is (grammatically) neuter.
But a girl (ein Mädchen) is female.
To make a comparison in English: the word "table" has five letters, but no legs. But most tables have four legs, and no letters.
Words are not the same as the thing that they stand for.
So just as the word "table" doesn't have any legs, the word Mädchen is not female or feminine, because the word is not the thing.
In general, the grammatical gender of a noun is not related to the natural gender of the thing that the word stands for in German.
If you cannot figure out how to type ä or the other special characters, you can find instructions here: http://duolingo.wikia.com/wiki/Guide_to_keyboard_layouts_and_input_methods
It's worth learning how to type them properly if you want to use the German that you learn :)
Need help spelling German words? Here's what to do:
When you see a new word in a question you know you can't spell, type the word (even if typing it is not required, you're going to erase it later.) and add it to the dictionary. Then erase it and continue playing Duolingo. And when a question comes that requires you to type the word, type the few letters of the word that you know, and it will appear in the dictionary, right when you need it!
I hope this will help. Go ahead and try it! :-D
What is the difference between using das, die, and der? Why are each of them used?
I believe this topic is mostly covered already in this thread, but something that hasn't been explicitly stated is that in German each noun has a grammatical gender. Based on the gender of the noun, there is a different word for the. It might seem useless but it's how the language works. Read the other comments if you want to know specifically which gender correlates to which article. Hope this helps :)
If I was a snob, I would first ask you "how did you get to level 8 without knowing about neuter, feminine and masculine nouns?"
Grammatical gender often does not coincide with assumed gender. You are assuming that the word girl is feminine because what the noun is describing is but they are two entirely seperate things that do not effect each other in any way.
For example die tur means the door, yet this does not insinuate that doors are female just that the word for doors carrying the grammatical gender feminine just as the word for girl carries the gender neuter
What do you mean? Where is there no der?
What kind of exercise did you see? "type what you hear"? multiple choice? tap the matching pairs? translate a sentence by tapping words from a word bank? translate a sentence by typing on a keyboard?
What did you write?
What, exactly, was the complete text of the error message you saw?
The correct answer is shown to be"Der", capital D. But all the answers offered are lower case, ie "der" shoo it counts answer as incorrect. All the answers offered are counted as incorrect.
Thanks. Was this a "fill in the blank" exercise with multiple options for what goes into the blank?
I've found one such exercise and have tried to disable it. I'm not sure how long it takes for that to take effect in the public course -- especially in mobile apps which may need to wait for the next release.
Are you using the website or a mobile app? If so, which one?
The exercise keeps telling me "der jumge" is wrong - the only other choices are die and dad! And the program won't move on!!!
Come on can't move on,the answer is not available. You are looking for tbe answer Der,all you offer is der!
There was no selection of "Der" available. Es gibt keine Auswahl von "Der" verfügbar
Indeed it should be "die", if the word were feminine. But "das Mädchen" (like all diminutives in -chen) is grammatically neuter.
The grammatical gender does not always agree with the natural gender.
Thank you thank you! I never knew there was a general rule that the diminutives (-chen) are neuter!
No - "der, die, das" are the German definite article, corresponding to the English definite article "the".
The indefinite articles in German, corresponding to the English indefinite article "a, an", are "ein, eine".
(The German definite and indefinite articles may also have different endings depending on case.)
"The boy, the little maggot".
Not quite the same thing.
Pay attention to the umlauts!
This may be a stupid question but if i was to write this on paper and want to say "girl" not "maggot" would i put dots or use ae?
Dots. Writing umlauted letters with dots over them is standard - "ae oe ue" is only used as an emergency solution if you can't type the dotted letter. But if you're handwriting, there's no font or keyboard problem :)
Der junge und die frau is answer but the option that they gave is die , das. So, I need help to contuine next question.
No -- die Frau is "the woman", not "the girl".
"the girl" is das Mädchen.
This sentence has a typo. All three options are written low key and so the systems considers them all wrong. I know it should be Der.
There is an annoying bug here. Of the three answers given, none are accepted. Cannot move past this question.
Emm, I thought this exercise was about writing what I heard, not translating what I heard.
I was right. Does the app mark things wrong if you dont have punctuation or spelling?
The app generally ignores punctuation.
If you make a simple spelling mistake (e.g. one letter added or dropped or changed) and the result does not make a new word (e.g. misspelling boy as boz), then you generally get a typo warning but the sentence is accepted. If the misspelling is another valid word (e.g. misspelling boy as box), the sentence will be marked wrong.
What was the entire answer you had typed?
Can you guys help me to distinguish between DIE, DAS and DER ? I cannot understand that.
Why can't we say boi instead of boy, it's a cooler version but duolingo doesn't approve those king of words.
duolingo doesn't approve those king of words.
Please use standard written English on Duolingo.
How come they dont use die Maid anymore that would make it easier to remember?
How come they dont use die Maid anymore that would make it easier to remember?
Because speakers of a language don't worry about whether their language is easy or difficult for foreigners to learn. They just speak (more or less) the way they hear it from their parents.
so why does the lesson sometimes say Das Junge, Das Mädchen, but then will give Der Junge, das Mädchen? just curious.
It should never say "das Junge" in the beginner lessons. (That would mean "the young, the offspring (of an animal)" but I don't think that is a word that Duo teaches at all.)
see this game i hope that this game gets taken down for misconduct of the german language, This is absolutely disgraceful yous all should be ashamed of yourselves, Kind regards robert mc
If you can't find the ä, replace it with "ae", that is the accepted way of substituting it.