"Please open the door."
Translation:Bonvolu malfermi la pordon.
You can't use two imperatives in a row - since "bonvulu" is already in the imperative, the next verb goes to the infinitive.
You might be able to say, "Malfermu la pordon, mi petas." (Puts the "please" into the "mi petas" form.)
We haven't really covered imperatives ending in '-u' in the skills tree yet, and I did not see any tips and notes at the beginning of this verbs section. That would be extremely helpful. Would it be useful to have a separate skill group for it?
There is a skill about Imperatives later on :) Right now, all you need to know is the basic rule, which I've explained below: you can't have two imperatives in a row.
After a modal verb, (e.g. can, may, want) the infinitive is always used. This also works in English, for example "I can be strong" makes sense but "I can am strong" doesn't.
what exactly does imperative mean in terms of grammar? also, when is it appropriate to use bonvolu versas mi petas?
The imperative is the verb mood you use when, for example, giving someone instructions. In English, it takes the form of the bare infinitive: "Be good."
Also, after the imperative in Esperanto, you must use the infinitive. So your sentence should be "Bonvolu verŝi*".
Saying both "bonvolu" and "mi petas" is a little redundant since they both mean essentially the same thing, but that's style, not grammar.
And since "verŝi" is generally a transitive verb, you'll probably need to include a direct object, which takes the accusative declension, which is the suffix -n. "Bonvolu, verŝi gxin, mi petas."
*(or versxi if you can't make the letters with the diacritical marks)
Okay thank you and I also just realized i made a typo, i meant *versus not versas but thank you, I understand now
Oh. And now I understand your original question. Hopefully I covered it in my first reply to you?
The country name Portugal comes from the Latin pordus, which means "harbor/port". "Port" as in "harbor" and the Spanish/Italian/French/etc. word that means "door" go back to the same Proto-Indo-European root. So it's not a coincidence.